Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

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is there any complete list of sana'a manuscript difference with current Qur'an, in terms of meaning?

I came accross Sana'a publication by Sadeghi (Sana'a and The Origins of Qur'an), but he only conclude some example of textual variation with standard qur'an. Table 1 gives a few examples, in ...
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Earliest record of opposition towards Mawlid

As far as I've researched, the earliest record of yearly Mawlid of Nabi SAW (between 12-17 Rabi Ul Awwal) is during the 1100s initiated by the fatimids [1]. What I want to know is when they started ...
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175 views

What is the source of the narration of Uthman ibn Affan letting his slave tweak his ear in retaliation, and is it authentic?

روى أن عثمان بن عفان رضي الله عنه دَعَك أُذُن عَبْدٍ له على ذنب فعله ، ثم قال له بعد ذلك : تقدم واقرص أذني ، فامتنع العبد فألح عليه ، فبدأ يقرص بخفة ، فقال له : اقرص جيداً ، فإني لا أتحمل عذاب يوم ...
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From when and which perspective did Imam and Mu'addhin of Masjid start to get paid?

As far I know, in the age of Nabi (sm.), sahabi (ra.), tabeyin (rh.), tabe-tabeyin (rh.), there was no instance of paying Imam and Muajjin (Muadhin/Muezzin) of Masajid. But now-a-days, we see, in ...
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2answers
177 views

When calculating moon phases and prayer times found acceptance among the scholars?

After posting the question Are questions on the historical inauguration of some "utilities" or "methods" on topic? on meta I finally decided to ask ask it here: I'm pretty sure ...
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1answer
332 views

To what extent can Shura (consultation of Muslims) be used for selecting Caliph?

Shura (mutual consultation) is clearly prescribed in the Qur'an, as follows: وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ ...
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Was khutbah delivered in the Arabic language in non-Arabic speaking lands during the 4 caliphs rule?

The Caliphs conquered non-muslim lands who didn't speak arabic and I assume there must have been conversions during this time as well. So, did the friday khutbah take place in arabic there or was it ...
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Do Shia and Sunni scholars study and evaluate the hadiths collected by the other sect.?

I know that there are very different standards of evaluating the authenticity of hadiths in both sects. However, when there are no contradictions between a certain hadith and the sect's criteria for ...
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73 views

What is behind the statement “Where it not 'Iyad the Maghrib would be unknown”?

There's a famous quote around al-Qadi 'Iyad القاضي عياض بن موسى, which is often mentioned: لولا عياض لما عُرف المغرب or لولا عياض ما عرف المغرب Which one may translate: Where it not 'Iyad the ...
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108 views

Did ulama actively oppose the caliphate's expansionism?

Wikipedia has a decent overview over early conquests of the Islamic empire. The expansion seems to have been one of the most rapid in history. I'm not aware of any Muslim scholar who opposed the ...
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Are there any tenets of Sunni Islam that started out as a revolutionary idea that were resisted by the majority Sunni consensus at the time?

This Q came up as I learnt about Sheikh Mustapha Rashid’s fatwa about hijab not being compulsory going against current Sunni consensus. Since Ijma is a core Sunni principle, I wonder if there is any ...
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266 views

Which of the prophets and messengers are known to have drunk alcohol (if any)?

Drinking alcohol is haram: They ask you about wine and gambling. Say, "In them is great sin and [yet, some] benefit for people. But their sin is greater than their benefit." And they ask ...
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115 views

Status of al Waqidi as a narrator?

I know there is a lot of criticism for Al-Waqidi by the scholars and muhadditheen (scholars of hadith). They accuse him of being a liar and unreliable. But some scholars say he is trustworthy, such as ...
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If the Bani Hashim were so weak by Muhammad's day, how could Abu Talib protect him from the powerful Quraysh?

I asked a related question earlier, trying to understand the sudden, catastrophic decline of the Bani Hashim from the high point during the early adulthood of Abd al-Muttalib to the low point at the ...
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1answer
2k views

Did women create a space between their teeth to look beautiful in the Prophet's time?

Regarding the hadith: Allah has cursed those women who practise tattooing and those who get themselves tattooed, and those who remove their face hairs, and those who create a space between their ...
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32 views

By whom and where was the first minaret added to a mosque?

When we check the books of seerah and sunnah we may be astonished that such a characteristic part of a mosque like a minaret was not yet known at the time of the prophet () as we may read in Sunan abi ...
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Was there any popular grievance, which affected people's daily lives, under the rule of Uthman?

I had the impression that Uthman was unpopular because he appointed his family members to positions of power. But a section in the wikipedia article about him gives the impression that the opposition ...
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Did any of the sahaba - beside the Prophet Muhammad himself - give fatwa? (Shi'a view)

During the life time of the Prophet () did anybody of the sahabah give fatwa according to Shi'a sources? If so who was/were this/these sahabi/sahabah? And under what circumstances did he/they give ...
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In mainstream Sunni Islam, when was the last time a slave was legally recognized?

In a fatwa by Dr. Hatem al-Haj of the Assembly of Muslim Jurists of America, we see: Islam restricted the tributaries of slavery and widened the out channels, which ultimately depleted the entire ...
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Where did the Imam stand for leading congregation prayer in the masjid al-Haram (in the early days of Islam)?

As we know because of the tawaf and the fact that the Kaaba which is in the midlle of the mosque is our prayer direction, it is impossible to lead and pray in one single direction in the masjid al-...
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189 views

Whom did the Prophet divorce?

In the tafsir of ibn 'Ashur (التحرير والتنوير) of verse 33:6 I found a quote saying that our Prophet divorced a woman from Kindah before consuming the marriage. My question is did he divorce any ...
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100 views

How does Allah preserve his revelations throughout human history?

Allāh declares in Qur'an 6:114-115; 18:27 that none — hence no human can alter his words as revealed through successive Prophets. Most surely Allāh makes provisions for preventing the ...
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In 16th Century, How Hajis were verified, whether he is Muslim or not?

In 15th and 16th Century, How Government of Arabia or caretakers of Mecca verify that; a person who dressed like Haji; is Muslim or non-Muslim?
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569 views

When did the Jews stop visiting the Kaaba?

I was reading in chapter 2 of Martin Lings' biography of Muhammad that the Jews stopped visiting the Kaaba after pilgrims started bringing idols there. There's a citation of Ibn Ishaq 15, but I don't ...
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1answer
902 views

Is there any importance for Toe Rings in Islam?

I was searching about importance of Toe Rings in Islam. They carry some importance in Hinduism. Married women wear it for various reasons. I also seen some Muslim women wearing them. So I searched ...
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1answer
226 views

Was whether or not women have souls in debate prior to Islam?

I've seen this claim repeatedly: The lives of the people who responded to the Quran have changed drastically. It had a tremendous impact on so many people, especially women, since this was the first ...
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113 views

Did Khadija RA continue to do business after her marriage with prophet SAW?

if she did continue business after her marriage, can you also please add the answer to-- approximately after how many years of marriage did she retire from her business? Please specify whether the ...
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PreIslamic Battles of khalid ibn al-walid(RA)?

Khalid grew up embodying the war spirit of the Makhzumites and was trained extensively in swordsmanship, horseriding and in the use of the lance. According to the works of Ibn qutaibah and Ibn hisham; ...
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38 views

What is the source of Umar being more tough on himself than people around him?

I heard in a lecture that Umar was more tougher on himself than people around him so that is why the people listened to him when he scolded. Also when I was watching the Umar TV series(based on his ...
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90 views

Some scholars says that you cannot make the plural and feminine form of word Allah from arabic linguistic perspective

Is it possible from arabic linguistic perspective to make the plural and feminine form of word الله? for example اللهون plural form of word الله and اللت feminine form of word الله because in Arabic, ...
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51 views

What is the reference of the statement that Umm Salamah nursed al-Hassan al-Basri?

Al-Hassan al-Basri is a known Tabi'i who was born two years before the death of 'Umar ibn al-Khattab in Medina and grow up in the house of Umm Salamah () the wive of the prophet (). A couple of years ...
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Yusuf AS in ancient egypt history

Today, we have some information about ancient egyptian history, some of the pharahohs that existed. Is there any information regarding a figure who could be Yusuf AS in ancient egyptian history ?
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62 views

Did pagan tribes use bells in their worship?

I read that pagans in the time of the Prophet (PBUH) would use bells in their worship rituals, as well as for protection from the evil eye. Does anyone have information on whether bells were prominent ...
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Did all Muslims -of a time- ever start fasting or celebrating their 'Id's on the same day after the time of the Prophet?

Many people ask why Muslims don't start the fast Ramadan and celebrate their 'Id's on the same day. And even if many madhhabs claim that this is the chosen way, but it seems to me hardly practical ...
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Approximately, how many years before marrying muhammad was Aisha engaged to jubayr ibn Mutim?

As a rough estimate, how many years before marrying muhammad was Aisha first engaged to jubayr bin mutim?
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Cutting of tree at hudaibiah where historical pledge took place?

What is genuineness of narration/report which approximately says that Umer(May Allah be pleased with him) cut down the tree at hudaibia in order to prevent people from committing acts of innovation ? ...
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Haramain situation at time of fatamid caliphate?

What was situation at masjid-al-haram and masjid Nabvi(Peace be Upon him) during fatmid caliphate? Was there sunni administration(Imam,muazzin etc) or shia administration at that time?
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1answer
757 views

Life of Sajah bint Al-Harith ibn Suayd

Sajah bint Al-Harith ibn Suayd declared her prophethood during the apostasy movement and even married Musaylimah. However, when Khalid bin walid crushed the movements around Sajah, she converted to ...
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Travels of Prophet Saw before his Prophethood?

Assalamu Alaikum Brothers in Islam, How many times did the Prophet Saw travel outside of Makkah before his prophethood and where to?
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Is the term sighaar as-Sahaba agreed upon among hadith scholars?

Often we find in books of hadith scholars and historians (biographers) the expression that a certain narrator was among sighar as-Sahaba صغار الصحابة (maybe one could translate it small Sahabi). From ...
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What were the major introductions made by the so called rashidi caliphs in terms of public administration?

At the time of Muhammad () one could say that the Islamic government had his base in Medina or wherever he actually was. As far as I know there were no state officials nor a treasury etc. these kinds ...
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Do scholars of hadith science treat all the ahadith the same way?

It is wide spread that one may refer to da'if ahadith on topics that are neither about halal and haram nor fiqh nor 'aqidah ... (basically anything related to rulings). For example when it comes to ...
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When being a witness/scribe was established as an official job?

When we read the Qur'an and sunnah we may come to the conclusion that a trustworthy witness can be any person who is widely considered as trustworthy and a scribe could be any person who is able to ...
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Who claimed that “and planned that which they were not to attain” (9:74) refers to abu Sufyan and his son Mu'awiyah?

Allah () said in surat at-Tawba: They swear by Allah that they did not say [anything against the Prophet] while they had said the word of disbelief and disbelieved after their [pretense of] Islam ...
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493 views

Was Mary the Copt married or a concubine to Prophet Muhammad (saw)?

I would like know the status of Mary the Copt was she a concubine or did she marry and become one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad (saw)? There seems to be conflicting views about this and I would ...
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899 views

Hazrat Abu Bakr altercation with Hazrat Aisha?

Is this narration authentic? "Once there was an altercation between the Prophet and Hazrat Ayesha when they found Hazrat Abu Bakr as judge. Hazrat Ayesha said to the Prophet: You speak but don’t ...
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126 views

Are there any scholars who explore Muhammad's thinking concerning the Satanic Verses?

Per advice from the meta site, I must make it absolutely clear that I am not making any claim about -- and indeed have no interest in -- whether the incident actually occurred. My question is about ...
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1answer
72 views

On the existence of debate over fidelity of Quranic codices within the Islamic intellectual tradition

I have a question about whether or not a certain idea has ever been discussed within the Islamic intellectual tradition, and if so, which scholar(s) and/or school(s) of thought did so. The idea is as ...
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1answer
42 views

The path used during the journey of Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution

Are there any historical records in hadith collections or Prophetic biographies, detailing the escape route from Mecca to Medina?
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1answer
47 views

Was a registry of Muslims maintained in past?

It is required in Islam to pay the zakat and other obligations towards the leader of the Muslims, for this a registry of Muslims is essential was such a registry maintained by the Muslims of the time? ...