Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

18
votes
5answers
6k views

What are the readings (qira'at) of Quran?

As far as I know there are more than one reading for Quran. Some say they are 7 and others say they are 14. What does that mean? Are there more than one Quran? Which reading is the correct one and why?...
7
votes
8answers
14k views

Does Islam support pedophilia or child marriages?

Everyone know that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) married Ayesha (RA) when she was 6 and consummated when she was 9. So, does it mean Islam supports child marriages? If at all muslims consider ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Different versions of Arabic Qur'an

Tanzil.net writes: The Medina Mushaf ... publishes the holy quran according to three famous narration, i.e., Hafs, Warsh, and Ad-Duriyy. The Quran text provided by Tanzil is based on the Medina ...
9
votes
4answers
9k views

Why is the Hafs reading of the Qur'an so prevalent?

Of everything I've read, the Hafs-an-Asim reading of the Qur'an is used by the vast majority of Muslims (it's definitely the only I've ever seen or heard used in my area). I've even seen articles ...
8
votes
2answers
671 views

What theological and historical factors distinguish Ibadi Islam from either Shia or Sunni schools?

I'm learning much about the division of Shia and Sunni Islam from this wonderful primer by the Council on Foreign Relations. I'm understanding the main divisions resulting from the succession question ...
10
votes
6answers
56k views

Where was the first Qibla of Islam?

Where was the first Qibla in Islam? Is there any verse in the Qur'an or hadith that established that Qibla? Why did Muslims pray towards Jerusalem?
6
votes
4answers
7k views

Why did Umar (RA) forbid Mutah (temporary marriage) after the death of the prophet?

I heard that Umar(RA) forbid Mutah marriage after the death of the Prophet(PBUH) and Abu Baker. What were his reasons for doing so ? Looking for answers from Sunni authentic sources.
2
votes
1answer
336 views

What did Mushrikeen think about who built the Kaaba?

The monotheists in Mecca always believed that the Kaaba was built by Prophet Ibrahim (a.). But what about the polytheists (mushrikeen) in the time of prophet Muhammad (s.) and shortly before him? ...
6
votes
3answers
301 views

Was alcohol permitted long ago, before Mohammad was born?

I have heard very long before, before Mohammad was born, alcohol was usual and was drunk by people. But after that it was stopped because people used to forget the rakat in namaz (salah/prayer) which ...
11
votes
4answers
14k views

Was the marriage of Aisha(RA) to Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) a divine decree?

Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) married Hazrat Aisha(RA) when she was only 9 years old and he was 53. He in fact proposed her when she was only 6. This sounds strange that the most genius person in the world ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Did women in Arabian peninsula have “Hijab” before Islam?

I searched about but didn't find my answer and even asked some clergymen but no result! I know in the other religions women wore hijab like Jews but as we know in Arabian peninsula most people were ...
5
votes
3answers
493 views

Are the Sunni madh'habs limited to 4?

Usually it is said that Sunni schools of fiqh are 4 (Hanbali, Shafi'i, Maliki, Hanafi). Is it true that some Sunni scholars like Abubakr, Ahmad and Bayhaqi had a higher level of knowledge than ...
4
votes
1answer
615 views

Is it likely that the sana'a manuscript was an accepted reading of the Quran?

My question is a bit broad and opinion based so I think I first have to add some of my research and analyzes in order for you to answer. I am not looking for an absolute answer, but more a "good guess"...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Interior of Kaaba

During the hajj, pilgrims circumambulate the Kaaba but do not enter the building. I was curious about its interior and found this image. Do the three pillars have any religious significance other ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

At what age did Mohammed(PBUH) passed away?

At what age did Mohammed(PBUH) passed away ? According to hadith literature it vary between 60 , 63 and 65. Which is the correct age at which Prophet passed away? Age of 60 Bukhari Volume 7, Book ...
0
votes
2answers
309 views

Is idol destruction a form of religious intolerance?

I am writing an essay in which I have to tackle a very hard question which is "Why did Holy Prophet (PBUH) destroy the idols upon conquest of Mecca. Isn't this a form of religious intolerance and goes ...
16
votes
5answers
11k views

What are the origins of Shia and Sunni division?

Can anyone tell me about the origins of Shia and Sunni division? Why were two different groups of Muslims created? Allah didn't send us to live divided. No verse of Quran or Hadith suggest that as ...
13
votes
2answers
489 views

Does Islam have any official position(s) on the Gospel of Barnabas?

The Gospel of Barnabas is a text that turned up in the form of a couple 16th century manuscripts in Spanish and Italian. It makes a claim to originate from the witness of Barnabas the disciple of ...
9
votes
2answers
6k views

Are we all descendents of Noah (Nuh AS)?

When I heard the story of prophet Nuh (AS) I always assumed it was only him and his sons left in the whole entire world, but recently I've heard theories that only Nuh's tribe was drowned and other ...
4
votes
2answers
479 views

Relation between the Ahl Bayt and Ahlu Sunnah in the early days

How was the relationship between the Ahl-Bayt, particuarly the Imams from Ahlul Bayt or the top authority with the Ahl-Sunnah and those popular among them. Was it hostile, normal or friendly? The ...
2
votes
1answer
730 views

Why are there so many variations of Islam and what distinguishes them?

We have four main Islamic schools of thought, namely : Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi and Hanbali. Then again we have Sunni, Salafism, Wahabism, Sufism and many more. We also have the authenticated Hadith ...
2
votes
4answers
21k views

What is the difference between Wahhabism and Salafism?

What is the difference between Salafism and Wahhabism? (As I know they are different from Sunnis. So what is their opinions?)
5
votes
1answer
540 views

Did ahlul bayt celebrate mawlid?

I just wanted to know if any school of thought has proof that the mawlid was celebrated by the ahlul bayt and/or if the prophet celebrated anyone's birthday while he was alive. I am not interested in ...
3
votes
2answers
854 views

Why is there a difference in the names of prophets between Muslims, Christians and Jews?

Why is there a difference between the names of prophets in christianity, islam and Judaism, for example we refer to Jesus (AS) as Isa(AS). How did this difference occur and why? A name is a name no ...
2
votes
0answers
163 views

Whom did the Prophet divorce?

In the tafsir of ibn 'Ashur (التحرير والتنوير) of verse 33:6 I found a quote saying that our Prophet divorced a woman from Kindah before consuming the marriage. My question is did he divorce any ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

About Namaz direction in Masjide Aqsa

In al-Masjid al-Aqsa towards which direction for Namaz was used before the Kaaba in Mekka.
9
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the origin of the Ja'fari Madhab (School of Jurisprudence)?

As is known, Ja'far Sadiq (جعفر الصادق) is one of the imams/scholars and Faqeehs of the Aalul Bait, and a number of scholars took from him like Malik and Abu Hanifah and others. But like many of the ...
9
votes
1answer
377 views

Where and when did the notion of “You must follow one madhhab exclusively” originate?

Can someone with knowledge on the evolution of fiqh pinpoint something in history about where this notion originated from? Today we hear from one side that following one madhhab exclusively is almost ...
6
votes
3answers
361 views

Intolerance in muslims

If you read the question carefully I ask Intolerance in "Muslims" and not Islam. Islam is one of the most tolerant religions of all, but one thing that's oxymoron is intolerance in Muslim fanatics. I ...
6
votes
1answer
149 views

Origins of Taqlid

Who was the originator of the doctrine of Taqlid? Which school of thought,if any in particular,propounded it first? And the term"doors of ijtihad are closed",what are the origins of this later term as ...
5
votes
1answer
831 views

Did the Prophet(pbuh) marry his wife “Maymunah” after the revelation of Quran 33:52?

With the verse Quran 33:52, Muhammad(PBUH) was not allowed to take any new wives or change them for other wives. Not lawful to you, [O Muhammad], are [any additional] women after [this], nor [is ...
10
votes
4answers
26k views

Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) footprint near the Kaaba

Here is a picture of Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) footprint near the Kaabah Is there any evidence that is definitely footprint of Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH)?
6
votes
4answers
26k views

When and why did the tradition of woman not entering the mosque come into being?

Though according to the shariyah, women have equal rights of entering the mosque as the men. Even at the time of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) women used to enter the mosque with hijab and used to pray ...
5
votes
1answer
364 views

How has Twelver Shia evolved through the past 14 centuries, particularly during the Safavid era?

Derived from this Question and this Answer is a question about the history of the Twelver Shia branch of Islam. Would you please notify in short how did this branch evolved through the ages with focus ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Was Mohammed a Christian?

When Islam was first founded there were some Christians who considered it to be a heresy. 1 It wasn't until Mohammed was 40 years old that he claimed he was visited by the angel Gabriel and received ...
9
votes
3answers
11k views

Where are the master copies of the Quran kept?

According to Muslims, the Quran has never been altered by humans down the centuries and is today what it was when first narrated to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. For this to be true requires a master ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

Did Prophets prior to Muhammad live for hundreds of years?

According to many Ulama (scholars), Prophets prior to Muhammad (peace be upon them) lived for hundreds of years and so did the people of their Ummah, and Muhammad (pbuh) and his Ummah has the shortest ...
5
votes
3answers
526 views

Can we demonstrate that the Quran is perfectly preserved? [closed]

I want you guys to prove it to me that the Quran is perfectly preserved. When I say this, I mean I want you to prove it to me that there is an absolute 0% chance that any verse/surah was removed, lost,...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Did the stories in Quran happen as is, or are they symbolizing different and more common events?

You all should know the stories (I'm sorry, I don't know if the word "story" is appropriate to address them. In my language it is rude, but I don't find a better word in English.) in Quran. Like Moses ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the reason for praying 20 rakaats in taraweeh?

It is clear that our prophet(PBUH) prayed 8 rakaats for taraweeh. But, I saw most of the masjids having 20 rakaats for taraweeh. since, Umar(R.A) made the taraweeh to 20 rakaats. What is the reason ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

Did Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan become the ruler of Muslims in a legitimate way?

Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan ruled Islamic Caliphate from 661 till 680. Did he come to the power in a legitimate way (according to Quran and hadith)? I am only interested in the views of Sunni Muslim ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

What circumstances are concubines allowed these days?

Concubines used to exist commonly before. Under what circumstances would they be allowed today?
3
votes
6answers
11k views

Is it OK to put Radiyallahu Anhu after Muawiya bin Abu Sufyan who was not a rightly guided caliph?

I really find no reason to apply a blanket "Radiyallahu Anhu"(Allah is pleased with him) to all Sahaba specially those involved in fighting with Ahlebayt and breaking pledge with Hasan A.S? Also I ...
3
votes
2answers
26k views

Did Prophet Mohammed Kill Anyone in a battle?

Everyone knows Prophet Mohammed fought in battles. But did the Prophet Mohammed kill anyone with his own hand? Please give proper references, thanks.
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Status of al Waqidi as a narrator?

I know there is a lot of criticism for Al-Waqidi by the scholars and muhadditheen (scholars of hadith). They accuse him of being a liar and unreliable. But some scholars say he is trustworthy, such as ...
2
votes
3answers
656 views

Did Muhammad torture anyone to get info?

According this wikipedia Article Kenana ibn al-Rabi was tortured by Muhammad to reveal where his treasure is? Why can't Muhammad just ask God or Gabriel where the treasure is? If it's not true, ...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

How did the split of Shiites and Sunnis go from political to theological? [duplicate]

Based on what I heard, and from what I read (none from Shiite sources), the Sunnis and Shiites split because they differed on views about who will rule the Muslims. How did it escalate from just ...
10
votes
8answers
17k views

Did prophet Muhammad live a simple and humble life who had limited means?

We have been taught in schools that the Prophet lived a very simple and humble life. That is he hardly have enough food at home so that it would not last for the day. He would have patches in his ...
8
votes
3answers
632 views

Eid al-Adha: Why do Muslims slaughter animals remembering the sacrifice of Abraham?

Even though I am a non-muslim (Orthodox Hindu Brahmin), I am a rational person. I don't stick to my religion, but I study all religions and love all philosophies. It is by that I read the Qur'an and ...
7
votes
2answers
543 views

How Do Muslims Deal with “Difficult” Parts of Prophet Mohammed's Life? [closed]

First, this is not meant to be an insulting or hateful question. Please prayerfully consider answering it for the sake of a true seeker soul. I have long respected and honored Islam and the Prophet ...