Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

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Where does it come from that Khadija (RA) was 40 years old when she married the prophet?

This wiki answer mentions, that Khadija (RA) the business women and first wife of the prophet could be 28 years old, not 40 at the time of her marriage with the prophet if you google for "The Sons ...
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What is the Islamic interpretation of Jesus? [duplicate]

I read in an article that Muslims believe and recognize Jesus as a holy, or at least historical figure. That got me curious, what is the historical significance of Jesus in the Islamic faith? How does ...
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The book of Al-Bidayah wan nihayah By Ibn Kathir?

Salaam Alaikum The book of Al-Bidayah wan nihayah "The beginning and the end" is this book authentic does it have weak narrations?
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To what extent can Shura (consultation of Muslims) be used for selecting Caliph?

Shura (mutual consultation) is clearly prescribed in the Qur'an, as follows: وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ ...
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Did Ibn Tayyimia Order Jihad against the druze, alavites and Shiites?

This Wiki articles claims of a fatwa by Shaikh Ibn Tayyimmia on obligation of Jihad against Druze, Shiites and other claimed heretical sects. What is the source of the fatwa , can anyone quote the ...
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Was a registry of Muslims maintained in past?

It is required in Islam to pay the zakat and other obligations towards the leader of the Muslims, for this a registry of Muslims is essential was such a registry maintained by the Muslims of the time? ...
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Authenticity of story of Umar ibn al Khattab allowing Christian to beat his head with whip?

I would like to know the authenticity and source of a long story apparently narrated by Anas ibn Malik, about a Coptic Christian being wronged by the son of a Governor of Egypt during the reign of ...
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How come the Prophet's father name is “Abdu ellah”?

The prophet came to the world in a society that used to believe in many fake gods, and especially not in the great God. The Prophet's father name is Abdu Allah which the translation to English is ...
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When was the date of the appointment of Mohammad as prophet?

I was wondering about the date of the appointment of Prophet Mohammad (His prophetic mission). Do you know when its date is? Both Sunni and Shia view welcomed. I'd be grateful if you present some ...
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How did the split of Shiites and Sunnis go from political to theological? [duplicate]

Based on what I heard, and from what I read (none from Shiite sources), the Sunnis and Shiites split because they differed on views about who will rule the Muslims. How did it escalate from just ...
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What is the most reliable book of Seerah (biography) of Muhammad? [closed]

There are many Seerah biography books written of the life and times of Prophet Muhammad (s), and history of early Islam. Such as al-Tabari, ibn Ishaq ibn Kathir, ibn Sa'd, al Waqidi etc. But my ...
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Who are the parents of Umm al Baneen?

Who are the parents of Umm al Baneen (Fatima al Kalabiya), the wife of Ali Ibn Abi Talib and mother of Abbas and three other sons? I couldn't find any information about her parents, except that her ...
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Where is the grave of Prophet Muhammad’s father?

I would like to know the exact location of where Prophet Muhammad's (Peace and blessings be upon him) father was buried? Where is his grave?
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Do any historical documents exits in regards to ذوالقرنین / Zulqarnayn?

There is an interesting fully metaphoric story about a one named "ذوالقرنین/Zulqarnayn/Two-Eyes Owner" in Quran. [18:83] I would like to know what does God mean about each metaphor in the story; so ...
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Why do we have different “-isms” when we have one Allah? [closed]

There are many versions of the story about Islam. I'm aware history may be vague, and likewise for wiki, portals, imams, and stories from old men. We have one prophet Muhammad, shahih hadith, a Qur’...
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Where are the master copies of the Quran kept?

According to Muslims, the Quran has never been altered by humans down the centuries and is today what it was when first narrated to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. For this to be true requires a master ...
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Was Abdul Mutalib Muslim?

Was the grandfather of Rasolullah, Abdul Mutalib, Muslim? I couldn't find much about him, maybe I'm missing some narrations.
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What is the difference between Wahhabism and Salafism?

What is the difference between Salafism and Wahhabism? (As I know they are different from Sunnis. So what is their opinions?)
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Did Muhammad write a book about a camel going to heaven?

From a question a Christianity.SE, How did St John of Damascus view Islam?, we have the following snippet: The writing of St. John of Damascus basically runs like this: ... 6. He proceeds to make ...
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Were there any other religions before Islam that their followers should convert to Islam?

You could imagine that with the advent of a new religion, any followers of the last religion would be required to convert to the new religion. Which followers of which religion converted to Islam, ...
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Was whether or not women have souls in debate prior to Islam?

I've seen this claim repeatedly: The lives of the people who responded to the Quran have changed drastically. It had a tremendous impact on so many people, especially women, since this was the ...
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What exactly were the problems Muhammad experienced due to being an orphan?

The biographies of Muhammad that I am reading talk only generally about it being problematic to be an orphan. They mention very few specifics. There seems to have been a stigma about orphans, but the ...
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Who was the Prophet's first wife?

I have some questions about the first wife of the Prophet. My questions are: What was her name? How did the prophet come to know her? How old was she? Who was her father? Who was her mother? But, ...
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Relation between the Ahl Bayt and Ahlu Sunnah in the early days

How was the relationship between the Ahl-Bayt, particuarly the Imams from Ahlul Bayt or the top authority with the Ahl-Sunnah and those popular among them. Was it hostile, normal or friendly? The ...
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Why was Islam revealed 1400 years ago when it could not be properly recorded?

Islam is the religion of truth and Quran is the words of God. But why was it revealed in an era where it cannot be properly recorded and propagated. Communication was mostly from person to person or ...
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Eid al-Adha: Why do Muslims slaughter animals remembering the sacrifice of Abraham?

Even though I am a non-muslim (Orthodox Hindu Brahmin), I am a rational person. I don't stick to my religion, but I study all religions and love all philosophies. It is by that I read the Qur'an and ...
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Are there any tenets of Sunni Islam that started out as a revolutionary idea that were resisted by the majority Sunni consensus at the time?

This Q came up as I learnt about Sheikh Mustapha Rashid’s fatwa about hijab not being compulsory going against current Sunni consensus. Since Ijma is a core Sunni principle, I wonder if there is any ...
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Are we all descendents of Noah (Nuh AS)?

When I heard the story of prophet Nuh (AS) I always assumed it was only him and his sons left in the whole entire world, but recently I've heard theories that only Nuh's tribe was drowned and other ...
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Does Islam have a hermetic background from ancient Babylon?

Does Islam have a hermetic background from ancient Babylon? If not, then why does it copy the philosophy and rituals from them? Especially the astrological principles laid down by that priesthood of ...
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Why can't our Sunni brothers agree to the curse of Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan

"And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense shall be hell, he shall abide therein and God’s wrath shall be on him and his curse, and is prepared for him a great torment” (...
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Where did the -unmarried- daughters of the Prophet (peace be upon him) stay after the death of their mother Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her)?

Maybe I have missed somthing in our history so I hope to be remained: I'd like to know what was the home at which the daughters of the Prophet (peace be upon him) like Fatima (May Allah be pleased ...
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What caused the decline of the Bani Hashim, what form did the decline take, and why did it happen so quickly?

Every biography I've read so far says that by the time of Muhammad's (pbuh) birth, the fortunes of his clan, the Bani Hashim, had declined considerably. But I'm confused about the cause of this ...
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Why did Abu bakr divourced his wife Kabila, the mother of Asma and Abdullah ibn Omar his wife?

It was said in the Torah, that one may divorce his wife handing her a letter of Divorce, But what was the practice among the Arabs before and after Prophet Muhammad?
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Is the real name of Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) Quthem? Is Abu Kabsha another name?

I heard a scholar in Tunisa on YouTube say our beloved prophet Muhammad (saw) real name Quthem?! Also Abu Kabsha another name?! Is there any truth to this claim from any historical reliable sources?!
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Why did Muhammad (s.a.w.) wear a cloak in surah 74 (al-Muddaththir)? Out of fear of his first encounter with the Angel Jibreel?

In surah 74, we read that the Prophet Mohammad (s.a.w.) asked his wife Khadija to cover him in a cloak repeatedly after he heard the words of the Angel Jibreel telling him to "Recite!" Did he ask to ...
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What is the view of Sunni brethern about apointment of caliph?

I know in Quran, Allah has revealed that "And We made an appointment with Moses for thirty nights and perfected them by [the addition of] ten; so the term of his Lord was completed as forty nights....
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At age of 12 One of Christian father told to our prophet that you will become as a prophet. Who is that father?

At age of 12 a Christian monk told to our prophet that he will become a prophet. Who was that monk? A question asked to me by one of my christian friends
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Which of the prophets and messengers are known to have drunk alcohol (if any)?

Drinking alcohol is haram: They ask you about wine and gambling. Say, "In them is great sin and [yet, some] benefit for people. But their sin is greater than their benefit." And they ask you what ...
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How does the Qur'an (and its commentators) explain the miraculous birth of Isa? Who is Isa's father?

I'm reading Sura 19, Maryam, and while I've always been familiar of the birth narrative of Isa, I never pondered how the Qur'an reconciles the immaculate conception of Maryam & miraculous birth of ...
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At what age did Mohammed(PBUH) passed away?

At what age did Mohammed(PBUH) passed away ? According to hadith literature it vary between 60 , 63 and 65. Which is the correct age at which Prophet passed away? Age of 60 Bukhari Volume 7, Book ...
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Are there any scholars who explore Muhammad's thinking concerning the Satanic Verses?

Per advice from the meta site, I must make it absolutely clear that I am not making any claim about -- and indeed have no interest in -- whether the incident actually occurred. My question is about ...
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Did Iranians fight in the Battle of Karabala? (As Imam Hussein's soldiers)?

As it is considered as a famous Islamic epic event (especially for Shias), in those days of Mohram, Imam Hussein (a.s.) and his soldiers martyred in the battle of Karbala… and the tenth day of Moharam ...
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In what ways did Muhammad's teachings improve the status of women?

A friend of mine has claimed that, historically, Islam and its prophet Muhammad's statements have improved the status of women compared to the earlier social or religious systems that they replaced. ...
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Why did Umar forbid Mutah (temporary marriage) after the death of the prophet?(shia view) [closed]

In a famous sermon,the second caliph 'Umar banned mutah after the death of the Prophet (PBUH) with the following words: "Two mutah were practiced during the time of the Prophet [i.e. temporary ...
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If the Bani Hashim were so weak by Muhammad's day, how could Abu Talib protect him from the powerful Quraysh?

I asked a related question earlier, trying to understand the sudden, catastrophic decline of the Bani Hashim from the high point during the early adulthood of Abd al-Muttalib to the low point at the ...
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Why did Amina never remarry?

A number of biographies of Muhammad report that he lived with the Bedouin for four to six years before he was returned to his mother. Isn't this a long time for a young woman to remain unnoticed by ...
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Hazrat Abu Bakr altercation with Hazrat Aisha?

Is this narration authentic? "Once there was an altercation between the Prophet and Hazrat Ayesha when they found Hazrat Abu Bakr as judge. Hazrat Ayesha said to the Prophet: You speak but don’t ...
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What does it mean for one tribe to be stronger than another?

I've read a few different biographies of Muhammad, and they all talk about one tribe being "stronger" or "weaker" than another. For example, in Medina, the Jewish tribes were originally stronger, but ...
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Are there any authorities that discuss what happened to all Muhammad's captives?

I've read a number of biographies of Muhammad now. In numerous raids and battles, there seem to have been many thousands of captives taken, but nothing I've read so far mentions any specifics about ...
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Who was Jafar al Kazzab? (Against Jafar al Sadiq(a.s.))

Someday, I was reading in a site…, I saw the name Jafar al Kazab. Its name was written against the name of Imam Jafar al Sadiq(a.s.). I was wondering who he was? Why his title was Kazzab?