Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

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6answers
17k views

What was Palestine called in the Quran?

Recently I was talking to a Jewish friend about which religion has more claim to Palestine. He was claiming that Jews do, since Jews come from Judea (an area in Palestine) and it was called this for a ...
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1answer
130 views

What time did Dhul Qarnayn live in according to Islamic sources?

What have Islamic scholars usually concluded about Dhul Qarnayn's time and what are the different views and based on what evidences? I read the following on IslamQA: Dhu’l-Qarnayn who is mentioned ...
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1answer
48 views

Did different ummahs have different qiblas?

We know that except for Prophet Muhammed (SAW), other Prophets were sent only for a specific time or to a particular community or location. Given that the shariah for the different Prophets might ...
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194 views

Life of Sajah bint Al-Harith ibn Suayd

Sajah bint Al-Harith ibn Suayd declared her prophethood during the apostasy movement and even married Musaylimah. However, when Khalid bin walid crushed the movements around Sajah, she converted to ...
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Is there any biography saying that al-Hafidh al-Mundhiri was an offspring of the sahabi Khalid ibn al-Walid?

In the biography of a scholar of the last century I found mentioned that he was an offspring of al-Hafidh al-Mundhiri المنذري the author of the famous hadith collections (on recommendations and ...
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1answer
734 views

Why are there so many variations of Islam and what distinguishes them?

We have four main Islamic schools of thought, namely : Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi and Hanbali. Then again we have Sunni, Salafism, Wahabism, Sufism and many more. We also have the authenticated Hadith ...
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Travels of Prophet Saw before his Prophethood?

Assalamu Alaikum Brothers in Islam, How many times did the Prophet Saw travel outside of Makkah before his prophethood and where to?
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2answers
204 views

Death of Hazrat Bibi Aminah(r.a)

How the death of Hazrat Bibi Aminah(r.a) had been occured and where did she burried?
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1answer
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Which surah(s) of the Qur'an covers the most stories (Prophets/real person)?

If we look at different surahs of the Qur'an we may find them addressing many topics: For example surat al-Kahf we have the stories of the people of the cave, (the people of ar-Raqeem are also quoted ...
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1answer
47 views

Interpretation of the verse 34:19

In 34:19 why did the People of Saba' prayed to God to lengthen the distance between their journeys?
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25 views

Why do the sabeans have so much in common with Islam? [duplicate]

People are saying that Islam is a copy of sabeans and that prophet Muhammad (saw) copied from them. The sabeans is used to perform hajj, pray 5 times, wash themselves after intercourse just like ...
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1answer
620 views

How did 'Abdullah know that Muhammad answered the questions correctly?

In Sahih Bukhari 5:55:546, it's noticed that 'Abdullah bin Salam asks a series of questions he mentions only a prophet knows the answers to, the answers are answered and he recognizes Muhammad as the ...
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Status of al Waqidi as a narrator?

I know there is a lot of criticism for Al-Waqidi by the scholars and muhadditheen (scholars of hadith). They accuse him of being a liar and unreliable. But some scholars say he is trustworthy, such as ...
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Is the term sighaar as-Sahaba agreed upon among hadith scholars?

Often we find in books of hadith scholars and historians (biographers) the expression that a certain narrator was among sighar as-Sahaba صغار الصحابة (maybe one could translate it small Sahabi). From ...
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Do scholars of hadith science treat all the ahadith the same way?

It is wide spread that one may refer to da'if ahadith on topics that are neither about halal and haram nor fiqh nor 'aqidah ... (basically anything related to rulings). For example when it comes to ...
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0answers
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Why did the prophet (P.B.U.H) never recite the adhaan? [duplicate]

As allah loves azaan recitation he love those people who recites azaan but our prophet(P.B.U.H) never recite azaan in his whole life why is it so ?? they do everything which allah likes or allah loves ...
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1answer
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What hadith mentions the ten companions (al-'Ashara al-Mubashara) in Jannah?

I have read somewhere that Prophet (SAW) himself told the good news to ten (10) of his companions that they will have a place in Jannah. These ten companions are called al-'Ashara al-Mubashara (العشرة ...
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1answer
72 views

When did Hazrat Aisha RA die?

Is it true that Hazrat Aisha RA died in 50 hijri at the age of 64 to 67? What narrations and ahadith prove it?
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4answers
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Was Hazrat Ali (RA) born inside the kabba with the walls cracked?

I heard that Imam Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was born inside the Ka'bah, that is the walls cracked and he was delivered inside the kaabah. My question is what is the validity of this story ...
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1answer
382 views

Why we recite Bismillah two times in surah Namal?

I know that we recite bismillah two time in surah namal but i want to know that what is the reason behind reciting second time.
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1answer
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On the existence of debate over fidelity of Quranic codices within the Islamic intellectual tradition

I have a question about whether or not a certain idea has ever been discussed within the Islamic intellectual tradition, and if so, which scholar(s) and/or school(s) of thought did so. The idea is as ...
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2answers
910 views

In which month Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W) and Hazrat Khadija (R.A) got married?

Salam to everyone.. I am asking this question because, by looking at this question this question is looks very easy but is very difficult in real. In which month Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W) and Hazrat ...
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1answer
220 views

For which sahaba banana comes on Earth?

There is a history that banana comes from jannah to Earth for a specific sahaba but I don't know the name of that sahaba
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1answer
323 views

What was the relationship between Isa (A.S) and Yahya (A.S)?

What was the relationship between Isa (A.S) and Yahya (A.S).
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Man entering the court of Imam Uthman

What is the authenticity and the course of the following narration: A man [supposed his name is known] has entered the court of Imam Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him), and Imam Uthman said: ...
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2answers
468 views

What was religion called before Islam came?

Islam came as religion of peace and the complete edition of other "Holy Book" (Taurat, Zabur, Injhil), according to Quran. As we know other religion such as "christian" for the person who is beliefs ...
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1answer
78 views

Why does Islam trace its origins to Abraham?

I have learned Islam traces its origins to Abraham, I wonder why he is considered the 'first Muslim'?
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2answers
60 views

Are there rulings, apart from alcohol consumption, whose chronology may be found in the Qur'an?

In the Qur'an we find the chronology of the ruling on alcohol see for example in my answer on Was alcohol permitted long ago, before Mohammad was born?: Alcohol allowed, alcohol declared as bad, ...
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3answers
203 views

How Al-Khidr knew what the will of Allah is

What Al-Khidr did was clearly out of the line. Musa (pbuh) did not agree with him probably because he was acting against Shariah. So, how were Al-Khidr's actions justified? Was he a prophet and got ...
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1answer
173 views

What was the qibla before migration?

What was the qibla for prayer in the Meccan period, before migration? I remember stories from sirah that the Prophet used to pray at the Kaaba during his stay in Mecca and I've always assumed that ...
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1answer
60 views

How long, at most, did women delay marriage during the time of Prophet Muhammad as per records?

I want to know if there are any records of women who were unmarried (not divorced or widowed) for a long time(more than 20 years) during the time of Prophet Muhammad. Because if it was a tradition at ...
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1answer
211 views

Was Ali ibn Abu Talib elected as caliph by the Umma

After Othman ibn Affan, the 3rd caliph, was assassinated, did the ummah elect Ali ibn Abu Talib, the prophet's cousin and son in law, to be the next caliph in an election?
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What were the religious views of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) before becoming a Prophet and receiving revelation?

Was Prophet Muhammad (SAW) a polytheist like others in the Quraish tribe or did he always believe in One God or was he even religious at all?
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3answers
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Did Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan become the ruler of Muslims in a legitimate way?

Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan ruled Islamic Caliphate from 661 till 680. Did he come to the power in a legitimate way (according to Quran and hadith)? I am only interested in the views of Sunni Muslim ...
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3answers
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What was the justification for attacking or fighting the Persians in 'Iraq by the Caliphs Abu bakr and 'Omar?

I mean fighting for the ridda wars at least seems obvious. People have refused to pay Zakat and became against the Muslim rulers by for example following the false prophets like Musailimah and Sajjah....
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1answer
384 views

Why did Ali postponed swearing loyalty to Abu Bakr?

Shia and Sunni disagreed on some important things. Shia thinks that Muhamad select Ali as a caliph. Sunni thinks no. In fact, an answer in this stackexchange, says that Muhammad actually primed Abu ...
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1answer
290 views

is fratricide between princes permissible? [closed]

I have been studying Ottoman history for more than a year now (particularly 16th Century). I constantly come across the tradition of fratricide. According to a book I bought at a Museum in Istanbul, ...
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What were the major introductions made by the so called rashidi caliphs in terms of public administration?

At the time of Muhammad () one could say that the Islamic government had his base in Medina or wherever he actually was. As far as I know there were no state officials nor a treasury etc. these kinds ...
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1answer
40 views

The path used during the journey of Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution

Are there any historical records in hadith collections or Prophetic biographies, detailing the escape route from Mecca to Medina?
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2answers
637 views

How the conflict between these two verse of Quran can be solved?

First verse says: And whoever turns his back to them on such a day, unless swerving [as a strategy] for war or joining [another] company, has certainly returned with anger [upon him] from Allah,...
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2answers
106 views

Are there any Muslim references quoting the fast of ahl al-Kitab or earlier Prophets?

Allah the almighty says: O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous - (2:183) This means that fasting or sawm was ...
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1answer
384 views

What is the background to Jews saying “the hand of Allah is chained” in Qur'an 5:64?

My question is regarding the ayah: And the Jews say, "The hand of Allah is chained." Chained are their hands, and cursed are they for what they say. Rather, both His hands are extended; He spends ...
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1answer
352 views

How can Ka'ab predicted Umar death?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ka%27ab_al-Ahbar Ka'b :Amir al-Muminin, you ought to write your will because you will die in three days. Umar : How do you know that ? Ka'b : I found it in the Book of ...
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1answer
340 views

How did Muslims in the past wake up for fajr?

I hope this question is relevant enough for this section of StackExchange, as it's more towards history rather than Islam itself. Nowadays, people depend on alarm clocks or the loud sound of athan ...
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Did any of the sahaba - beside the Prophet Muhammad himself - give fatwa? (Shi'a view)

During the life time of the Prophet () did anybody of the sahabah give fatwa according to Shi'a sources? If so who was/were this/these sahabi/sahabah? And under what circumstances did he/they give ...
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1answer
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Who was the first person to offer animal sacrifice?

Who was the first person to offer animal sacrifice? Was it Ibrahim AS or someone before him as well?
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1answer
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Did women sacrifice?

Did women in the lifetime of Mohammad (peace be upon him) and the Sahabah offer sacrifice on eid azha?
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When being a witness/scribe was established as an official job?

When we read the Qur'an and sunnah we may come to the conclusion that a trustworthy witness can be any person who is widely considered as trustworthy and a scribe could be any person who is able to ...
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0answers
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Where did the Imam stand for leading congregation prayer in the masjid al-Haram (in the early days of Islam)?

As we know because of the tawaf and the fact that the Kaaba which is in the midlle of the mosque is our prayer direction, it is impossible to lead and pray in one single direction in the masjid al-...
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Was the name Friday/Jumua known before Islam?

Based on this Question and as we know that all weekdays in Arabic are associated with a number: Sunday =al-Ahad - 1 الأحد Monday =al-Ithnayn - 2 الاثنين Tuesday = a-Thulata' - 3 الثلاثاء Wednesday = ...