Questions tagged [caliph]

Caliph means successor. The Caliph is the chief Muslim civil and religious ruler. There are four Kulafa al-rashidoon/righteous caliphs and they are Abu Bakr, Ummar, Uthman, and Ali.

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To what extent can Shura (consultation of Muslims) be used for selecting Caliph?

Shura (mutual consultation) is clearly prescribed in the Qur'an, as follows: وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ ...
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Was khutbah delivered in the Arabic language in non-Arabic speaking lands during the 4 caliphs rule?

The Caliphs conquered non-muslim lands who didn't speak arabic and I assume there must have been conversions during this time as well. So, did the friday khutbah take place in arabic there or was it ...
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Who elected Khalifah in Rashidun Chalipate?

I asked in history stackexchange. Sunni source is that the first four Chaliphs are "properly" elected. However, some Syiah disagree. This one says, for example, https://history.stackexchange.com/...
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1answer
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Limits of the legislative powers of the caliph

In a comment to this answer, user Uma states (picking up an example about fizzy water I suggested): The limits ordained by religion are that the caliph shouldn't prevent doing an obligatory ...
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Is changing lip colour haram?

I've heard from sources that you can change somethings about yourself for temporarily or it has to be a slight adjustment so does changing lip colour apply to these.
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Why it is prohibited for Muslims to enter a building with images and statues?

While going through the below question: Can social functions be booked in a Church? I stumbled upon this Hadith: Ibn ‘Aa’idh narrated in Futooh al-Shaam that when ‘Umar came to Syria, the Christians ...
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Who leads prayers when leader of muslims is present? Why does mahdi offer lead of prayer?

Do we have any proof from revelation or ijma, that only leader of muslims leads the prayers when hes around? If the case is true why does mahdi (Muhammad bin Abdullah ) offer lead of prayer to jesus ...