Questions tagged [caliph]

Caliph means successor. The Caliph is the chief Muslim civil and religious ruler. There are four Kulafa al-rashidoon/righteous caliphs and they are Abu Bakr, Ummar, Uthman, and Ali.

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Shia view about three righteous caliphs (Other than Ali R.A.)

There is a Sahih Hadith stating the names of ten (10) people who the Prophet (SA) stated that they will be in Paradise. These names include the names of four righteous caliphs, Abu Bakar RA, Umer RA, ...
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Is there any accountability for ruler in Islam and if so, what is the model?

Reading the history, I have noticed that Islamic ruler are mostly tyrants rather than rulers. They have full control of all affairs. No one can defy them. There is no election. A descendent of the ...
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Who has the authority to assign successor (caliph)? God? prophet? people? (Sunni view)

The society of Muslims needs to be guided by caliph after prophet Mohammad (PBUH). Hence, after the death of holy prophet (PBUH), a caliph was assigned to guide and rule the Muslims. According to my ...
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Why is there no longer a Caliph of the Muslim Ummah?

After the death of the Prophet (S), several Caliphs became leaders of the Muslim Ummah. I have two questions about this: Who was the last Caliph? Why is there no longer a set leader of the Muslim ...
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Limits of the legislative powers of the caliph

In a comment to this answer, user Uma states (picking up an example about fizzy water I suggested): The limits ordained by religion are that the caliph shouldn't prevent doing an obligatory ...