Questions tagged [caliph]

Caliph means successor. The Caliph is the chief Muslim civil and religious ruler. There are four Kulafa al-rashidoon/righteous caliphs and they are Abu Bakr, Ummar, Uthman, and Ali.

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Is changing lip colour haram?

I've heard from sources that you can change somethings about yourself for temporarily or it has to be a slight adjustment so does changing lip colour apply to these.
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Why it is prohibited for Muslims to enter a building with images and statues?

While going through the below question: Can social functions be booked in a Church? I stumbled upon this Hadith: Ibn ‘Aa’idh narrated in Futooh al-Shaam that when ‘Umar came to Syria, the ...
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Can anyone find the reference for Hazrat Ali r.a saying?

Saying is like whoever advice a person publicly has pushed him towards evil even more and whoever advice a person alone, pushed him towards good.
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Must muslims establish khilafah?

Do muslims have the obligation to create a khilafah? What is this opinion based on? Is the creation of khilafah a sunni, or shia "thing". What schools favors khilafah?
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Did the Quran exist in it's present order before the death of Prophet (SAW)? [duplicate]

I was reading the below Hadith: Narrated `Aisha: Once Fatima came walking and her gait resembled the gait of the Prophet (ﷺ) . The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Welcome, O my daughter!" Then he made ...
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Why didn't Ali (RA) punish the assassin of Usman?

I've read in many places that he was hesitant to punish his killers, which eventually led to the fitnah and then his own death. If he'd had punished them possibly the battle of Karbala could've been ...
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Why is Muhsin bin Ali bin Abi Talib not considered among imams of Shia?

We know Shias accept Hassan and hussain among twelve imams. Why don't shia accept Muhsin , the third male offspring of Ali and Fatima as an imam among the twelve imams? Even though they admit that he ...
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Shias believe the successors to Muhammad must be from the Ahl-ul-Bayt. Aren't the four Rashidun caliphs related to the Prophet?

Shias believe the successor of Muhammad has to be from the Ahl-ul-Bayt( Family of the Prophet). Abu Bakr as-saddiq and Umar ibn al-Khattab were father in laws of the Prophet. Othman ibn Affan is also ...
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Limits of the legislative powers of the caliph

In a comment to this answer, user Uma states (picking up an example about fizzy water I suggested): The limits ordained by religion are that the caliph shouldn't prevent doing an obligatory ...
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Is the hadith of the pond of Khumm authentic? If so, what is the sunni view on it?

In this hadith of the pond of Khumm, it shows that Ali is shown to be said that he is the master of whom the Prophet was the master of: O people, Allah the Most Kind the Omniscient has told me that ...
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Were the military adventures of Caliphs conquering land after land just? [closed]

As far as I know the Prophet of Islam (pbuh) mostly fought defensive wars while after death of Prophet, Muslim caliphs began a journey to conquer land after land and to bring territories under their ...
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What is the punishment for disobeying the caliph?

Would it be considered the same as disobeying Muhammad himself? Assuming the caliph was fulfilling his duties. Or are there grounds to disobey proclamations by either? Any help or insight with this ...
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is it true that Islam Spread by the Sword? or Declared many War? [closed]

In the past Islam had big glory and had many region, could someone tell me why Islam had accomplished such a big glory and had so many region? according to that, is it true Islam had Declared so many ...
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Why did Hossein Ibn Ali not accept Yazid ibn Muawiya's as a caliph?

Why did the grandson of the Prophet, Hossein Ibn Ali, not accept Yazid ibn Muawiya as a caliph?
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Who has the authority to assign successor (caliph)? God? The Prophet? People? (Shia view)

The society of Muslims needs to be guided by caliph after Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). Hence, after the death of holy prophet (PBUH), a caliph was assigned to guide and rule the Muslims. According to my ...
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449 views

Who has the authority to assign successor (caliph)? God? prophet? people? (Sunni view)

The society of Muslims needs to be guided by caliph after prophet Mohammad (PBUH). Hence, after the death of holy prophet (PBUH), a caliph was assigned to guide and rule the Muslims. According to my ...
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What did the prophet say about whom the first caliph should be?

As I know, there is an ongoing discussion on who the first caliph should have been, but what did the holy prophet Muhammed s.a.s. said about this matter? What was his commandment? Is there a safe ...
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Requirements for being chosen as a Caliph?

Spawned from this question what is the requirements for becoming and remaining a Caliph (or ruler in general) according to Islam? Is there any requirement at all or whoever could reach the power and ...
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Is there any accountability for ruler in Islam and if so, what is the model?

Reading the history, I have noticed that Islamic ruler are mostly tyrants rather than rulers. They have full control of all affairs. No one can defy them. There is no election. A descendent of the ...
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Shia view about three righteous caliphs (Other than Ali R.A.)

There is a Sahih Hadith stating the names of ten (10) people who the Prophet (SA) stated that they will be in Paradise. These names include the names of four righteous caliphs, Abu Bakar RA, Umer RA, ...
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Abu-Bakrs, Omars, and 'Aishas in the offspring of Imam Ali

I heard that in the offspring of Imam Ali bin Abu-Talib (may Allah be pleased with him and honor his face), there were ones who were called: Abu-Bakr Omar 'Aisha Is this true? could you mention them ...
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Does Islam have a flag?

There are many narrations where the Allah's Apostle (salallahu alayhi wassalam) mentions "flag" like the following one: Narrated Anas: The Prophet had informed the people of the martyrdom of ...
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Why is there no longer a Caliph of the Muslim Ummah?

After the death of the Prophet (S), several Caliphs became leaders of the Muslim Ummah. I have two questions about this: Who was the last Caliph? Why is there no longer a set leader of the Muslim ...
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To what extent can Shura (consultation of Muslims) be used for selecting Caliph?

Shura (mutual consultation) is clearly prescribed in the Qur'an, as follows: وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ ...