Questions tagged [arabic]

Arabic اللغة العربية is the language in which the Quran was revealed. Use this tag for questions on Islam related terms or for understanding Islamic-texts.

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34
votes
9answers
144k views

What is the difference between “nabi” and “rasul”?

In English, we use the word prophet, but in Quran two different names are used for prophets: rasul and nabi. What is the difference between rasul and nabi?
23
votes
5answers
35k views

What does 786 mean?

I have seen that the number 786 is quite often linked with Islam. What is its significance? What does it mean?
19
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7answers
89k views

Is it proper to greet a non-Muslim with “As-Salāmu Alaykum”?

Is it proper to greet a non-Muslim with "As-Salāmu Alaykum" (Peace be upon you) or respond with "wa alaykumu s-salāmu wa rahmatu l-lāhi wa barakātuh" (may peace, mercy and blessings of God be upon you)...
18
votes
7answers
5k views

Why do Muslims offer prayers in Arabic? What is the significance of the language?

Muslims offer prayer and recite Quran in Arabic. What is the significance of Arabic language for worship according to Quran and Sunnah? Is there any hadith or verse of Quran that makes the Arabic ...
18
votes
5answers
12k views

What are the readings (qira'at) of Quran?

As far as I know there are more than one reading for Quran. Some say they are 7 and others say they are 14. What does that mean? Are there more than one Quran? Which reading is the correct one and why?...
18
votes
6answers
14k views

What is a “Muslim” (surrendered) and what is a “Mumin” (believer/safe)?

In the Quran, two terms are used to refer to those on the straight path (suratal mustakeem): muslim and mumin. What are some similarities and differences between "muslim" and "mumin"? In the Quran, ...
15
votes
5answers
244k views

What does “Jazak Allah Khair” mean?

Asslamu allikum I would like to know the usage of Jazak Allah Khair. When is it best used and, is there any restrictions? What does "Jazak Allah Khair" mean? When do we use "Jazak Allah Khair"? ...
15
votes
1answer
281 views

Whence came PBUH?

إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ۚ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا Indeed, Allah confers blessing upon the Prophet, and His ...
13
votes
4answers
5k views

Who are “ahlul kitab”?

What/who are ahlul kitab? Are Muslims a subset of ahlul kitab? Correct me if I'm wrong, but: Ahlul kitab means "people of the book" in English. What is the "book" in this phrase, and what "people" ...
13
votes
5answers
62k views

What does “right hand possess” mean?

In Qur'an translations, we see that the phrase right hands possess is used in many ayahs. What exactly does that phrase refer to?
12
votes
8answers
11k views

Why some verses of Quran refer to God as a plural entity?

There are some verses in Qur'an which refer to God as a plural entity, like: وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ ۖ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ ...
12
votes
3answers
19k views

What is the definition of a kaffir?

My understanding of the term kafir is that it refers to a person who literally rejects God's authority. So while even the most blatant polytheist would still be mushrik, he would not (necessarily) ...
12
votes
1answer
812 views

What exactly is the difference of meaning between saddan and suddan in Qur'an verse 36:9?

Allah says: Translation: And We have put before them a barrier and behind them a barrier and covered them, so they do not see. (Surah Yasin, verse 9) In the most common qira'ah (Hafs 'an 'Aasim), ...
11
votes
4answers
9k views

What does the word “Islam” mean?

In the UK, there is debate about what what the word Islam means. Maajid Nawaz claims it means peace, Anjum Choudary claims it means submission. What does the word Islam mean?
10
votes
5answers
3k views

Do I need to learn Arabic to become a practicing Muslim?

I am an American who recently converted. But I only know English and I have a Qur'an that is English only. I have memorized most of the everyday sayings in Arabic. But I was wondering if I have to ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

What does “السلام عليكم أيها النبي” actually mean?

When I first learnt how to pray salat, I was taught as part of the tashahud to recite the phrase "السلام عليكم أيها النبي." I am hardly fluent in Arabic, but my translation of the above is basically "...
10
votes
1answer
485 views

What is the source of this hadith regarding angels and the language of the Qur'an?

This post makes allusion to a particular hadith, and I recall having read something similar elsewhere. However, I have no clue what the actual source is, or if it is even a hadith of the prophet at ...
9
votes
3answers
847 views

What is the difference between the east (مشرق) in singular, dual, an plural forms?

In Surat Al-Baqarah, verse 115, Allah says: Here, Allah says that he owns Al-Mashriq (literally: the east/sunrise), in the Arabic singular form, المشرق . In Surah Ar-Rahman, verse 17, Allah says: ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Why do words like “salah” and “riba” have an extra unpronounced letter waw in them?

I've noticed that in many masaahif ("mushafs"), certain words like "salah" and "riba" have an extra, unpronounced letter waw in them, such as Surah Baqarah, verse 3: The fifth word here is pronounced ...
8
votes
3answers
197k views

What does “wa iyyakum" mean?

I would like to know the usage of wa iyyakum. When is it best used and, any restrictions What does "wa iyyakum" mean? When do we use "wa iyyakum". Jazak Allah Khair for the answer
8
votes
3answers
2k views

What is I'rabul Qur'an?

I was recently introduced to the term I'rab (الإعراب) al-Qur'an, and told it was one of the sciences of the Qur'an. Now me, I love sciences of the Qur'an as much as anybody else (hey, who doesn't), ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

What exactly is the difference of meaning of nazzala and anzala in Qur'an verse 136?

In Surah Nisa, verse 136, Allah says: Before the first stop (jeem), Allah describes the Qur'an with "nazzala" (نَزَّلَ), while he describes the previous books with "anzala" (أَنزَلَ). Both of these ...
8
votes
4answers
151k views

Is it right or wrong - “Assalamualaikum”?

Some days ago, I came to know that "Inshallah" is wrong and the correct one is "In shaa Allah". Similarly, Are these right or wrong? Assalamualaikum. Jazak Allahu Khairun. Alhamdulillah. Subhan ...
8
votes
2answers
438 views

Should the khateeb deliver the Friday khutbah in Arabic?

In my neighborhood, the Friday khutbah is delivered only using Arabic. There are other khateebs that use both Indonesian (or other languages) and Arabic. As far as I know, they replace the sermon by ...
8
votes
3answers
5k views

Why are there different translations of the Quran?

Often I have came across translations of Quran and the translation is totally different between two interpreters. Why is it so when the Quran itself is very clear? As an example Note here, beautified ...
8
votes
4answers
711 views

What is the significance of al-Qurʾān referring to ʿĪsā as المسيح?

Al-Qurʾān refers to ʿĪsā as المسيح. For example, in Sūratu Āli ʿImrān:45: إِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُبَشِّرُكِ بِكَلِمَةٍ مِنْهُ اسْمُهُ الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ ...
7
votes
2answers
98k views

What is the correct format for replying to salam? [duplicate]

While saying salam to others, nobody will say Wassalamu alaikum or Assalamu Walaikum. But, while replying I can hear different format like Wa alaikum Wassalam Wa alaikum Assalam Alaikum ...
7
votes
3answers
22k views

What is the difference between akhlaq and adab?

I have recently been introduced to the term akhlaq, defined in Wikipedia as follows: Akhlaq (Arabic: أخلاق‎) is an Arabic term referring to the practice of virtue, morality and manners in Islamic ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the difference between حَرَّمَ and نَهَى?

In the Qur'an, and throughout the hadith literature, there are numerous references to what is forbidden. However, I have noticed that what is often translated as the English word "forbade" seems to ...
7
votes
11answers
22k views

Why was Quran revealed in Arabic language?

Due to the fact that Allah is All-wise, there must've been a reason for sending down Quran in Arabic. So what is it? What would have happened if Allah had used another language? I'm asking this ...
6
votes
2answers
45k views

Why masjid Haram is called that name?

In Islam we use to word Haram for things that are forbidden, but when we say Majid-e-Haram, why do we use "Haram" word?
6
votes
2answers
36k views

Difference between Rabbul Alamin and Rabbil Alamin

I heard many people using the word Rabbul-Alameen. This article tells us to Reflect upon His saying, '(Rabbul-Alameen) the Lord of the Alameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists).' [Soorah al-Fatiha (...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is there a repetition in Surat Al-Kafiroon?

I checked 2 mushaf and internet, and as far as I can see, 3rd ayah and 5th ayah of Surat Al-Kāfirūn are exactly the same. On the other hand, 3rd ayah translated as; Nor are you worshippers of what ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between خلد (khuld) and لَا يَمُوتُ (la yamut)?

As far as I can see, there are two different ways to express immortality in the Qur'an, one is by using the root خلد (khuld), which as far as I can see is used for people. Surat Ash-Shu`arā' 129 And ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the different opinions on the etymology of the word “Allah”?

In this answer, it is mentioned that (emphasis mine), Also, in Arabic, all words derive from their root verbs; so you can tell something about the meaning based on the letters used. In the case of &...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between إِثْم and ذَنب and سَيِّئَة which refer to sin?

There are a number of Arabic words in Quran that refer to sin like: إِثْم and ذَنب and سَيِّئَة. I am looking for the difference between them and their usage.
6
votes
2answers
487 views

What is the meaning of “لَّا شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَلَا غَرْبِيَّةٍ” in surah Noor verse 35?

What is the meaning of "لَّا شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَلَا غَرْبِيَّةٍ" (neither Eastern nor Western) in surah Noor:35? God is the Light of Heaven and Earth! His light may be compared to a niche in which ...
6
votes
2answers
575 views

What is the significance of Prophet Yahya being “hasuwran”?

Allah mentions in verse 39 of Surah Al-e-Imran: The fourth word from the end is "hasuwran" (حَصُورًا ), which Saheeh International (presumably accurately) translates as "abstaining (from women)." ...
6
votes
7answers
12k views

What is the best way to learn the Classical Arabic (Fusha)?

I know the Arabic script, and can read the Quran. But I have no understanding of what I'm reading. What is the best route to learning Classical Arabic? Most of the guides I've seen (in the UK) deal ...
6
votes
1answer
712 views

What is the root of ربا?

ربا is undoubtedly haram as per the Qur'an, which says, "وأحل الله البيع وحرم الربا". This is almost universally translated as "interest" or "usury" in English. As per the Qur'anic Arabic Corpus, ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Why, in Qur'an verse 4:34, the feminine singular of kuthhiba used instead of the masculine singular or plural?

Surah Al-An'aam, verse 34, begins with: وَلَقَدْ كُذِّبَتْ رُسُلٌ If you ignore the first two particles (waw + laqad), it begins a verbal sentence with "kuthhibat rusulun." The verb (kutthibat) ...
5
votes
3answers
9k views

What is the difference between Salat and Salah?

That's it. Not much more detail in the question. If the answer could include usage in a sentence, that would be helpful.
5
votes
3answers
290 views

What is the meaning of “مُوَلِّي”?

The word مُوَلِّي appears in Quran verse 2:148. I have read a few translations of the verse (e.g. here) but I still don't have a good understanding of what the word means. I looked it up on المعاني ...
5
votes
1answer
407 views

Should the word دَسَّاهَا have a ي in it in سورة الشمس ayat number 10?

I have encountered two different ways of spelling the word دَسَّاهَا as it appears on سورة الشمس. One of them doesn't use the letter ي in it and other one does. For example, quran.com doesn't use the ...
5
votes
2answers
121 views

Are the letter forms of Arabic essential to the Qur'an?

Are the existing letter forms/shapes of the Arabic alphabet an essential part of the Qur'an, or are they an arbitary choice made by humans as a means to record the Qur'an? In other words, if someone ...
5
votes
1answer
801 views

Why sunni scholars say that shadow for asr time should be measured with addition of zenith shadow of same object?

Scholars say zenith shadow length of object should be added to 1 height of the object to get Asr time's, but in the texts of Hadiths' it is only 1 height of object, without addition of its zenith ...
5
votes
4answers
120k views

What is the difference between SHIFA'ah and SHAFA'ah?

I want to know the exact meaning and difference between SHIFA'ah and SHAFA'ah and which one we need to ask Allah for?
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How is hamzat-al-wasl pronounced at the beginning of an ayah?

I know that at the beginning of a noun, when the hamzat-al-wasl in the definite article الْ is pronounced, it is always pronounced as "al-" (i.e. with a fatha). However, using Al-Fatihah 6 as an ...
5
votes
4answers
23k views

What are the differences between “Ya Allah” vs “Allahuma”?

I have a little but not much knowledge of Arabic. Although God is called Al-Karim, I hear the invocation Ya Karim, but I never heard the invocation Ya Al-Karim or Ya-l-Karim. Same for other names of ...
5
votes
3answers
17k views

What do the words “Muslim” and “Kafir” mean?

A previous question asked what does the word "islam" mean? The answer was unambiguous: submit in Arabic means Islam. In the spirit of this previous excellent answer, what do the Arabic words Muslim ...

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