Questions tagged [arabic]

Arabic اللغة العربية is the language in which the Quran was revealed. Use this tag for questions on Islam related terms or for understanding Islamic-texts.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
18
votes
5answers
10k views

What are the readings (qira'at) of Quran?

As far as I know there are more than one reading for Quran. Some say they are 7 and others say they are 14. What does that mean? Are there more than one Quran? Which reading is the correct one and why?...
15
votes
5answers
237k views

What does “Jazak Allah Khair” mean?

Asslamu allikum I would like to know the usage of Jazak Allah Khair. When is it best used and, is there any restrictions? What does "Jazak Allah Khair" mean? When do we use "Jazak Allah Khair"? ...
17
votes
6answers
13k views

What is a “Muslim” (surrendered) and what is a “Mumin” (believer/safe)?

In the Quran, two terms are used to refer to those on the straight path (suratal mustakeem): muslim and mumin. What are some similarities and differences between "muslim" and "mumin"? In the Quran, ...
13
votes
5answers
5k views

Who are “ahlul kitab”?

What/who are ahlul kitab? Are Muslims a subset of ahlul kitab? Correct me if I'm wrong, but: Ahlul kitab means "people of the book" in English. What is the "book" in this phrase, and what "people" ...
12
votes
8answers
11k views

Why some verses of Quran refer to God as a plural entity?

There are some verses in Qur'an which refer to God as a plural entity, like: وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ ۖ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

What does “السلام عليكم أيها النبي” actually mean?

When I first learnt how to pray salat, I was taught as part of the tashahud to recite the phrase "السلام عليكم أيها النبي." I am hardly fluent in Arabic, but my translation of the above is basically "...
19
votes
7answers
86k views

Is it proper to greet a non-Muslim with “As-Salāmu Alaykum”?

Is it proper to greet a non-Muslim with "As-Salāmu Alaykum" (Peace be upon you) or respond with "wa alaykumu s-salāmu wa rahmatu l-lāhi wa barakātuh" (may peace, mercy and blessings of God be upon you)...
18
votes
7answers
5k views

Why do Muslims offer prayers in Arabic? What is the significance of the language?

Muslims offer prayer and recite Quran in Arabic. What is the significance of Arabic language for worship according to Quran and Sunnah? Is there any hadith or verse of Quran that makes the Arabic ...
12
votes
3answers
18k views

What is the definition of a kaffir?

My understanding of the term kafir is that it refers to a person who literally rejects God's authority. So while even the most blatant polytheist would still be mushrik, he would not (necessarily) ...
34
votes
9answers
140k views

What is the difference between “nabi” and “rasul”?

In English, we use the word prophet, but in Quran two different names are used for prophets: rasul and nabi. What is the difference between rasul and nabi?
13
votes
5answers
54k views

What does “right hand possess” mean?

In Qur'an translations, we see that the phrase right hands possess is used in many ayahs. What exactly does that phrase refer to?
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the different opinions on the etymology of the word “Allah”?

In this answer, it is mentioned that (emphasis mine), Also, in Arabic, all words derive from their root verbs; so you can tell something about the meaning based on the letters used. In the case of &...
4
votes
1answer
22k views

What is the meaning and the usage of “Assalamu alaikum”? [duplicate]

Assalamu alaikum, I would like to know the meaning and the usage of Assalamu alaikum. Jazaakallah Khair
3
votes
5answers
58k views

What is the literal meaning of the word “Qur'an”?

I know that the Qur'an is the book revealed by the prophet Muhammad, but I'd like to know what the meaning of this word "Qur'an" is literally? What is its root?
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Why do words like “salah” and “riba” have an extra unpronounced letter waw in them?

I've noticed that in many masaahif ("mushafs"), certain words like "salah" and "riba" have an extra, unpronounced letter waw in them, such as Surah Baqarah, verse 3: The fifth word here is pronounced ...
7
votes
11answers
21k views

Why was Quran revealed in Arabic language?

Due to the fact that Allah is All-wise, there must've been a reason for sending down Quran in Arabic. So what is it? What would have happened if Allah had used another language? I'm asking this ...
3
votes
1answer
624 views

The origin of the word “left” and “right” in Arabic

You might have noticed, that in the Arabic language, the word "left" is metaphorically used for something bad or impure. And the other way around for the word "right". The word right: 69:19 - 69:...
5
votes
2answers
7k views

How many writing styles of Mushaf Quran that exist?

I found that mushaf in my country is different in style of writing to that which come from Makkah. Probably most of the (old) mushafs in my country use Indopak style. However the religious council ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

While I'm in my praying, can I say Dua in different languages?

If I don't know the Arabic meaning of a Dua, can I say the Dua in a different language?
7
votes
2answers
91k views

What is the correct format for replying to salam? [duplicate]

While saying salam to others, nobody will say Wassalamu alaikum or Assalamu Walaikum. But, while replying I can hear different format like Wa alaikum Wassalam Wa alaikum Assalam Alaikum ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Do I need to learn Arabic to become a practicing Muslim?

I am an American who recently converted. But I only know English and I have a Qur'an that is English only. I have memorized most of the everyday sayings in Arabic. But I was wondering if I have to ...
15
votes
1answer
264 views

Whence came PBUH?

إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ۚ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا Indeed, Allah confers blessing upon the Prophet, and His ...
11
votes
4answers
9k views

What does the word “Islam” mean?

In the UK, there is debate about what what the word Islam means. Maajid Nawaz claims it means peace, Anjum Choudary claims it means submission. What does the word Islam mean?
8
votes
2answers
423 views

Should the khateeb deliver the Friday khutbah in Arabic?

In my neighborhood, the Friday khutbah is delivered only using Arabic. There are other khateebs that use both Indonesian (or other languages) and Arabic. As far as I know, they replace the sermon by ...
8
votes
3answers
5k views

Why are there different translations of the Quran?

Often I have came across translations of Quran and the translation is totally different between two interpreters. Why is it so when the Quran itself is very clear? As an example Note here, beautified ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the difference between حَرَّمَ and نَهَى?

In the Qur'an, and throughout the hadith literature, there are numerous references to what is forbidden. However, I have noticed that what is often translated as the English word "forbade" seems to ...
5
votes
3answers
17k views

What do the words “Muslim” and “Kafir” mean?

A previous question asked what does the word "islam" mean? The answer was unambiguous: submit in Arabic means Islam. In the spirit of this previous excellent answer, what do the Arabic words Muslim ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

How is hamzat-al-wasl pronounced at the beginning of an ayah?

I know that at the beginning of a noun, when the hamzat-al-wasl in the definite article الْ is pronounced, it is always pronounced as "al-" (i.e. with a fatha). However, using Al-Fatihah 6 as an ...
5
votes
1answer
711 views

Why sunni scholars say that shadow for asr time should be measured with addition of zenith shadow of same object?

Scholars say zenith shadow length of object should be added to 1 height of the object to get Asr time's, but in the texts of Hadiths' it is only 1 height of object, without addition of its zenith ...
4
votes
1answer
358 views

What happend to the second garden of the disbeliever?

In Surat al-Kahf we find the story with the example of the two men quoted in the verses 32 to 44. While at first in the verses (18:32-33) the speech is about two gardens, later on only a single garden ...
1
vote
3answers
10k views

Is there a specific sequence of Arabic words which is considered “the shahada”?

The shahada is a testimony of faith. Wikipedia lists it as: لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāh, muḥammadur-rasūlu-llāh There is no god but God. Muhammad is the messenger of God. ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

Can a human be given the name Barr or Al-Barr?

Salam, all praise to Allah. As we have seen that many people have the names that relate to Allah such as Rahman, Qayoom, Ahad and etc. I have been told until now that you can give someone Allah's ...
23
votes
5answers
35k views

What does 786 mean?

I have seen that the number 786 is quite often linked with Islam. What is its significance? What does it mean?
5
votes
1answer
2k views

“Shaadh” vs. “Munkar” Hadith

In hadith science, among the branches of weak ahadith are two types classified as "shaadh" (doubtful, shady) and "munkar" (evil). These two types both refer to a hadith that contradicts a well-known ...
3
votes
5answers
9k views

What is the difference between “Kafiroon” and “Kafireen”?

As far as I can see, the words "Kafiroon" and "Kafireen" is translated the same. There are also different similar words like "Muslimoon" and "Muslimeen". What is the difference between a word ending ...
10
votes
1answer
473 views

What is the source of this hadith regarding angels and the language of the Qur'an?

This post makes allusion to a particular hadith, and I recall having read something similar elsewhere. However, I have no clue what the actual source is, or if it is even a hadith of the prophet at ...
9
votes
3answers
796 views

What is the difference between the east (مشرق) in singular, dual, an plural forms?

In Surat Al-Baqarah, verse 115, Allah says: Here, Allah says that he owns Al-Mashriq (literally: the east/sunrise), in the Arabic singular form, المشرق . In Surah Ar-Rahman, verse 17, Allah says: ...
6
votes
2answers
43k views

Why masjid Haram is called that name?

In Islam we use to word Haram for things that are forbidden, but when we say Majid-e-Haram, why do we use "Haram" word?
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Why, in Qur'an verse 4:34, the feminine singular of kuthhiba used instead of the masculine singular or plural?

Surah Al-An'aam, verse 34, begins with: وَلَقَدْ كُذِّبَتْ رُسُلٌ If you ignore the first two particles (waw + laqad), it begins a verbal sentence with "kuthhibat rusulun." The verb (kutthibat) ...
5
votes
2answers
107 views

Are the letter forms of Arabic essential to the Qur'an?

Are the existing letter forms/shapes of the Arabic alphabet an essential part of the Qur'an, or are they an arbitary choice made by humans as a means to record the Qur'an? In other words, if someone ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Difference between صَلِّ and بَارِكْ after the tashahhud

Salamo3alaykom, I have a question regarding the linguistics after the tashahhud. للَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ، وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ، وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Possible translation mistake of islamqa

Salamo3alaykom, in this answer in IslamQa I've may have found a translation after the tashahhud, translating at the beginning as "O Allah send prayers..." but Allah does NOT send prayers, rather He ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

What is I'rabul Qur'an?

I was recently introduced to the term I'rab (الإعراب) al-Qur'an, and told it was one of the sciences of the Qur'an. Now me, I love sciences of the Qur'an as much as anybody else (hey, who doesn't), ...
7
votes
3answers
21k views

What is the difference between akhlaq and adab?

I have recently been introduced to the term akhlaq, defined in Wikipedia as follows: Akhlaq (Arabic: أخلاق‎) is an Arabic term referring to the practice of virtue, morality and manners in Islamic ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is there a repetition in Surat Al-Kafiroon?

I checked 2 mushaf and internet, and as far as I can see, 3rd ayah and 5th ayah of Surat Al-Kāfirūn are exactly the same. On the other hand, 3rd ayah translated as; Nor are you worshippers of what ...
6
votes
1answer
630 views

What is the root of ربا?

ربا is undoubtedly haram as per the Qur'an, which says, "وأحل الله البيع وحرم الربا". This is almost universally translated as "interest" or "usury" in English. As per the Qur'anic Arabic Corpus, ...
5
votes
1answer
390 views

Should the word دَسَّاهَا have a ي in it in سورة الشمس ayat number 10?

I have encountered two different ways of spelling the word دَسَّاهَا as it appears on سورة الشمس. One of them doesn't use the letter ي in it and other one does. For example, quran.com doesn't use the ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Was the name Friday/Jumua known before Islam?

Based on this Question and as we know that all weekdays in Arabic are associated with a number: Sunday =al-Ahad - 1 الأحد Monday =al-Ithnayn - 2 الاثنين Tuesday = a-Thulata' - 3 الثلاثاء Wednesday = ...
4
votes
1answer
245 views

Does خنزير الماء (or literally pig of the sea) in this statement or fatwa really refers to a Capyabra?

In his explanation of the hadith (on sea food and sea water): "lts water is pure, and its dead creatures are halal." (Sources: al-Muwatta' 1 & 2, sunan ibn Majah 1, 2, 3, 4, sunan abi Dawod, ...
3
votes
1answer
338 views

What would be the way to say “Have a good Hajj” to someone who is about to travel to Saudi Arabia for their Hajj?

I have a Muslim friend who is going for Hajj and I want to wish something like: "I wish you good luck for your Hajj" or "best wishes for your Hajj". I have never heard someone say "Hajj Mubarak". Is ...