In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
Your question is very interesting. I hope to ensure a convincing answer.
No doubt, Islam considers pollution as harmful to society. It’s not just a question relating to property that can be settled by compensating the injured party (victim of pollution). Rather, Islam obliges the whole society to avoid polluting the environment. This is the theme of the Qur’anic verse:
“Do no mischief on the earth, after it hath been set in order, but
call on Him with fear and longing (in your hearts): for the Mercy of
Allah is (always) near to those who do good.” (Al-`Araf: 56)
Shedding more light on this issue, we’d like to cite for you the fatwa issued by Dr. `Abdul Fattah Idris, professor of comparative jurisprudence, Al-Azhar University. It goes as follows:
“Whoever causes pollution of any kind in Islam, he is sinful and is
committing a forbidden act. This is due to the fact that pollution
affects both Muslims and non-Muslims and all living creatures as well.
In this regard, Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him,
said, “There should be neither harm, nor reciprocating injury.” Also,
Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, warned against
urinating or defecating in people’s pathways, in water and in the
shade of trees as all these things are of great benefit to people.”
Also, the Qur’an says that Allah is the Creator of the world. Human beings are on the world as trustees or ‘vicegerents’ - they are told to look after the world for Allah and for the future:
"The Earth is green and beautiful, and Allah has appointed you his stewards over it. The whole earth has been created a place of worship, pure and clean. Whoever plants a tree and diligently looks after it until it matures and bears fruit is rewarded. If a Muslim plants a tree or sows a field and humans and beasts and birds eat from it, all of it is love on his part."
In the Qur’an, Muslims are instructed to look after the environment and not to damage it:
Devote thyself single-mindedly to the Faith, and thus follow the nature designed by Allah, the nature according to which He has
fashioned mankind. There is no altering the creation of Allah.
Muslims have to look after the earth because it is all Allah’s creation and it is part of a human’s duty to Allah:
Allah is He Who raised up the heavens without any pillars that you can see. Then He settled Himself on the Throne, and constrained the
sun and the moon to serve you; each planet pursues its course during
an appointed term. He regulates it all and expounds the Signs, that
you may have firm belief in the meeting with your Lord. He it is Who
spread out the earth and made therein firmly fixed mountains and
rivers, and of fruits of every kind He has made pairs. He causes the
night to cover the day. In all this, verily, are signs doer a people
Because of this passage, people see themselves as being responsible for the world which Allah created and they have to make their own decisions about how to do this.
We know proved that pollution and every activity that cause it is haram. So yes, cars are haram, air planes are haram, the internet is haram... And planting trees is very recommended but they only absorb carbon dioxide (so they limit only air pollution) and therefore cannot completely clean the other pollutants.
Allah knows the best.