30

This universe have so many things that we can feel and can't feel.

What is the reason behind such a big creation? Allah states in His book:

"Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], "Our Lord, You did not create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire." [3:191]

and it seems that everyone should have an understanding of the answer to this question then to be able to confess about it the way Allah expects from us, that the creation is not aimless.

What's the Allah's purpose for this creation? What does the Holy Quran says about it?

8

As much as I have understood from the Shi'ite teachings this world, Dunya (which means closer, or less precious), is a projection of a more realistic world which we call Barzakh, being somewhat a surface to a deep universe, and Barzakh on its own is the projection of a more realistic world which we call Akherah, apparently again like a surface to a deeper universe. So that one can assume the real world a many (finite or infinite?) dimensional universe, Barzakh being comprised of a set of its subspaces and Dunya being comprised of a set of Barzakh's subspaces. I am even not sure if multi-dimension would mean 4, 5, 6 or more dimensional, maybe it would be even a fractal dimension or a real number dimensional (NOTE. our sensed three dimensional space is full of holes in the microscopic scales so that one can even expect Dunya not being three dimensional). Anyway, this is off-topic to this question. Death in Dunya is actually a travel from the upper surface of the universe toward inside of it, Barzakh, and resurrection would be a death from Barzakh to Akherah, again a travel toward deeper inside. The deeper volumes are also always called to be the reality behind the surface, the hidden truth by the surface. The uppest surface, Dunya, is pleased for the Worldly life but we are then warned not to forget the truth. A witness from Quran for that Akherah exists even now and Barzakh also exists for us even before our death in this surface world is [29:54]:

يَسْتَعْجِلُونَكَ بِالْعَذَابِ وَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمُحِيطَةٌ بِالْكَافِرِينَ

they urge you to hasten the punishment. and indeed, hell has been already encompassing of the disbelievers {this verse is most of the times translated not very precisely}

that is, they are already in hell but they don't understand it. Since this world is created to show things almost irrespective of its truth:

فَلَولا إِذ جاءَهُم بَأسُنا تَضَرَّعوا وَلـٰكِن قَسَت قُلوبُهُم وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الشَّيطـٰنُ ما كانوا يَعمَلونَ

Then why, when Our punishment came to them, did they not humble themselves? But their hearts became hardened, and Satan made attractive to them that which they were doing [6:43]

or

... فَيُحِلّوا ما حَرَّمَ اللَّـهُ ۚ زُيِّنَ لَهُم سوءُ أَعمـٰلِهِم ۗ وَاللَّـهُ لا يَهدِى القَومَ الكـٰفِرينَ

... [they] make lawful what Allah has made unlawful. Made pleasing to them is the evil of their deeds; and Allah does not guide the disbelieving people. [9:37]

and many other verses reporting about this pleasing mechanism, a most important mechanism of Dunya acting against the Humans and Jinns. Also see this verse:

لَقَد كُنتَ فى غَفلَةٍ مِن هـٰذا فَكَشَفنا عَنكَ غِطاءَكَ فَبَصَرُكَ اليَومَ حَديدٌ

[It will be said], "You were certainly in unmindfulness of this, and We have removed from you your cover, so your sight, this Day, is sharp." [50:22]

or that Allah says:

... إِنَّهُ يَعلَمُ الجَهرَ وَما يَخفىٰ

... Indeed, He knows what is Overt and what it [the overt thing] hides. [87:7] {This verse is not usually translated precisely}

that is, what is known would cover what is not known, but Allah knows all. Or that Allah says:

فَسُبحـٰنَ الَّذى بِيَدِهِ مَلَكوتُ كُلِّ شَىءٍ وَإِلَيهِ تُرجَعونَ

So exalted is He in whose hand is the realm of all things, and to Him you will be returned. [36:83]

Also see the following verse which report a same news about this world having a hidden truth covered by a surface which we call Dunya:

إِنَّ الَّذينَ يَكتُمونَ ما أَنزَلَ اللَّـهُ مِنَ الكِتـٰبِ وَيَشتَرونَ بِهِ ثَمَنًا قَليلًا ۙ أُولـٰئِكَ ما يَأكُلونَ فى بُطونِهِم إِلَّا النّارَ وَلا يُكَلِّمُهُمُ اللَّـهُ يَومَ القِيـٰمَةِ وَلا يُزَكّيهِم وَلَهُم عَذابٌ أَليمٌ

Indeed, they who conceal what Allah has sent down of the Book and exchange it for a small price - those consume not into their bellies except the Fire. And Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them. And they will have a painful punishment. [2:174]

or:

إِنَّ الَّذينَ يَأكُلونَ أَموٰلَ اليَتـٰمىٰ ظُلمًا إِنَّما يَأكُلونَ فى بُطونِهِم نارًا ۖ وَسَيَصلَونَ سَعيرًا

Indeed, those who devour the property of orphans unjustly are only consuming into their bellies fire. And they will be burned in a Blaze. [4:10]

We are then giving a body which we call it the material body, but we are also given a hearth (different than the limb, though there is a relation between them, and a better relation exists between that and brain). The hearth is a door to the deeper inside truth. So that each person is at the same time experiencing life inside an inner universe (to some extent having intersections with other people's inner universe) and inside the outer universe, Dunya. When we fall into asleep, our bodily eyes are closed, but we can see, we have yet a body, we can hear and etc., if the dream is among the honest ones this is a journey in the inner universe, although if we are not treated enough we may see things symbolic, that is, not very realistically. Maybe Jinn's live in some more inner layers of Dunya, maybe Tay ul-Arz and similar things all happen in those inner layers of the universe, having seemingly more spatial dimensions than Dunya.

Now we reach to the place to be able to talk about the purpose for Allah to create the universe in such a layered structure. The answer is simple, the very creation of Humans and Jinn's require such a creation as a mean for their evolution and improvement. Allah put us in a world whose sensed reality is different from its real but hidden truth, then guides us toward the real truth and warns us not to adhere to the adornments provided in this illusion which we call Dunya:

وَما أوتيتُم مِن شَىءٍ فَمَتـٰعُ الحَيوٰةِ الدُّنيا وَزينَتُها ۚ وَما عِندَ اللَّـهِ خَيرٌ وَأَبقىٰ ۚ أَفَلا تَعقِلونَ

And whatever thing you [people] have been given - it is [only for] the enjoyment of worldly life and its adornment. And what is with Allah is better and more lasting; so will you not use reason? [28:60]

and

وَاصبِر نَفسَكَ مَعَ الَّذينَ يَدعونَ رَبَّهُم بِالغَدوٰةِ وَالعَشِىِّ يُريدونَ وَجهَهُ ۖ وَلا تَعدُ عَيناكَ عَنهُم تُريدُ زينَةَ الحَيوٰةِ الدُّنيا ۖ وَلا تُطِع مَن أَغفَلنا قَلبَهُ عَن ذِكرِنا وَاتَّبَعَ هَوىٰهُ وَكانَ أَمرُهُ فُرُطًا

And keep yourself patient [by being] with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the evening, seeking His countenance. And let not your eyes pass beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life, and do not obey one whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance and who follows his desire and whose affair is ever [in] neglect. [18:28]

So that Dunya is a place to choose, choose between what intellect orders us to do (or to avoid) and what desire asks us to do for it to be satisfied more and more. Allah will never force anyone by uncovering the truth, as He has said in Surah Ya-Sin:

And there came from the farthest end of the city a man, running. He said, "O my people, follow the messengers. (20) Follow those who do not ask of you [any] payment, and they are [rightly] guided. (21) And why should I not worship He who created me and to whom you will be returned? (22) Should I take other than Him [false] deities [while], if the Most Merciful intends for me some adversity, their intercession will not avail me at all, nor can they save me? (23) Indeed, I would then be in manifest error. (24) Indeed, I have believed in your Lord, so listen to me." (25) It was said, "Enter Paradise." He said, "I wish my people could know (26) Of how my Lord has forgiven me and placed me among the honored." (27) And We did not send down upon his people after him any soldiers from the heaven, nor would We have done so. (28)

The truth will be covered from our senses until death comes or someone treats himself to become such good that the hidden universe will be shown to him:

وَكَذٰلِكَ نُرى إِبرٰهيمَ مَلَكوتَ السَّمـٰوٰتِ وَالأَرضِ وَلِيَكونَ مِنَ الموقِنينَ

And thus did We show Abraham the realm of the heavens and the earth that he would be among the certain [in faith] [6:75]

Actually there are many who was known to be able to see the Barzakh before they die, seeing the realm of what they are eating (if it is Halal or not), where they are praying and etc., but to this position no one reaches unless he will first be submitted to Allah, there would be no other reason then for Allah to cover things from such a man, he has already passed the "making choice exam"!

However, you see there are many other living species that live in this world while they are not going to make a choice, this is partly because they were creatable in this universe and God never choose what to create and what not to create, and partly because we are told that the whole universe is created for us to benefit, every such species have something to do for the whole thing to remain stable and the system simply works!

Least but by no means mention that Dunya is merely a bonus level, for us to know our weaknesses and to improve toward a complete humanity. However, there are those who try to improve and those who want only to live the easy life. For those who try to improve this world is somewhat a bonus level, in one Qadr Night one can improve like in thousands of months, and even the whole life of a human being (all the joys and suffers during the years which we count) is less than a real day

... وَإِنَّ يَومًا عِندَ رَبِّكَ كَأَلفِ سَنَةٍ مِمّا تَعُدّونَ

And indeed, a day with your Lord is like a thousand years of those which you count. [22:47]

قـٰلَ كَم لَبِثتُم فِى الأَرضِ عَدَدَ سِنينَ / قالوا لَبِثنا يَومًا أَو بَعضَ يَومٍ فَسـَٔلِ العادّينَ / قـٰلَ إِن لَبِثتُم إِلّا قَليلًا ۖ لَو أَنَّكُم كُنتُم تَعلَمونَ

[Allah] will say, "How long did you remain on earth in number of years?" / They will say, "We remained a day or part of a day; ask those who enumerate." / He will say, "You stayed not but a little - if only you had known. [23:112,113,114]

But even during such a short time one can reach to the highest rank among all the creatures of Allah, like the prophets and Imams reached such a position! However, if someone lose this opportunity then he would led toward the hell therein being purified as much as possible, and ... So that even Hell is a mean for Allah to apply his mercy to the human being, although it will be very much suffering and not as easy as the life in Dunya was, actually very very hard for our minds today to understand it, the cost for getting purified of what we have acquired by ourselves.

Godspeed

6

We just know that there is A purpose and it is not a play:

وَمَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا لَاعِبِينَ ﴿الدخان: ٣٨﴾

We created not the heavens and earth, and all that between them is, in play;

We just can say that Allah has created jinn and mankind to worship him.

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ ﴿الذاريات: ٥٦﴾

I have not created jinn and mankind except to worship Me.

  • 1
    what is that purpose? – Kowser Jun 20 '12 at 5:37
  • 5
    @Kowser We can't invent any saying against Allah. As he did not mention it then we don't know the purpose but we can say Allah has create jinn and mankind to worship him. – Bhribayli Jun 20 '12 at 5:51
  • @Bhribayli, but the whats the reason of Creation from God's perspective? – Tom Lynd Mar 17 '14 at 11:27
  • @Bhribayli the creation of this universe is to worship ALLAH as mention in above ayah. The question is to why to worship? First you have to know the power of ALLAH n know who ALLAH is then u can worship without any doubts – Imran Ali Sep 8 '14 at 5:24
  • @ImranAli 1. Purpose of creation of jinn and mankind is to worship Allah. It is not the purpose of creation of universe. The difference is subtle. 2. OP did not ask why we must worship Allah the original questions was on purpose of creation of universe. – Bhribayli Sep 9 '14 at 6:38
3

What is the purpose of creating this universe?

Quran does not clearly state the reason why human and nature was created in the first place. But, there is a reality, they are created and they are right before our eyes. Quran brings solutions to the current state of human and nature, by warning us about the wreckage of societies (sa'at). It is not a tale or science-fiction book to talk about the physics of universe in detail.

You may bring me this ayat (verses) in contrary:

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.
Zariyat 56 (51/56)

The sentence in the ayat does not state the original reason. I mean, it doesn't answer the following question

Then, why did You feel need for someone to worship you?

and some other similar question. It only states that our primary job in life must be worshiping Allah.

As my final words;
Quran's motivation is to warn people about sa'at and show them the rightful path. The entire Quran talks about the realities that we encounter in daily life, or we are likely to encounter in future. It is not about other universe possibilities nor fantastic worlds.
Quran does not cover your question. I'm not saying (and I'm not allowed to say) that Quran has no information in it about this matter. But is is for sure that it doesn't have clear and direct information on it.

2

I don't know any specific purpose for the creation of the universe that is stated in Quran. The answer to this question might be similar to the answer given in Quran about ruh (which seems to be: the answer is beyond your knowledge/understanding). However there are suggested answers by Muslim philosophers and mystics (e.g. God wanted to manifest himself) but I don't know how they support these answers.

On the other hand, Quran contains clues about the purpose of creation of humans mainly in the story of creation. The question regarding humans is similar to the one asked by angles from God in verse 2:30 when they say that "we are exalting you with praises and glorifying for you" . God demonstrates to the angels the reason he is creating humans: humans can know "all of the names" while angles are incapable of knowing them and can only be told about them. (The Arabic words are "علم" which can be translated as "knowledge" and "نبئ" which can be translated as "giving news".) There are diffident interpretations about what "the names" mean here, the two famous interpretations are:

  • the names of everything,

  • the names of God.

The later is also consistent with some Sufi and mystic views which see each prophet as a manifestation of one of God's names (e.g. Jesus is the manifestation of the name "merciful").

2

What the Quran states about Purpose:

In Quran, surah Saad, verse 27 reads:

وَمَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاءَ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا بَاطِلًا ۚ ذَ‌ٰلِكَ ظَنُّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ۚ فَوَيْلٌ لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنَ النَّارِ

[Al-Qur’an 38:27, translator: Arberry] We have not created the heavens and earth, and what between them is, for vanity; such is the thought of the unbelievers, wherefore woe unto the unbelievers because of the Fire!

[Al-Qur’an 38:27, translator: Yusuf Ali] Not without purpose did We create heaven and earth and all between! that were the thought of Unbelievers! but woe to the Unbelievers because of the Fire (of Hell)!

The word b-t-l has various shades of meaning, and is generally translated as falsehood. The same word in this verse [38:27:7] has been interpreted by other translators variously as in vain, aimlessly and so on


Purpose of Heavens and Earth:

The purpose of creating the Heavens and Earth has not been spelt out for us in the Quran, but it is something that we are expected to contemplate upon, as stated in this verse:

[Al-Qur’an 3:190-191, translator: Sahih International] Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day are signs for those of understanding. Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], "Our Lord, You did not create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire.


Purpose of Humans and dJinns:

Our purpose is to willingly believe in and submit to the worship and service of Allah:

[Al-Qur’an 51:56, translator: Shakir] And I have not created the jinn and the men except that they should serve Me.

The following verse tells us that even those who are closest to God are not too proud to serve Him:

[Al-Qur’an 7:206, translator: Shakir] Surely those who are with your Lord are not too proud to serve Him, and they declare His glory and prostrate in humility before Him.

Speaking about the entire creation, the Quran states:

[Al-Qur’an 19:93, translator: Pickthall] There is none in the heavens and the earth but cometh unto the Beneficent as a slave.


Purpose of Accountability:

[Al-Qur’an 33:72-73, translator: Pickthall] Lo! We offered the trust unto the heavens and the earth and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man assumed it. Lo! he hath proved a tyrant and a fool. So Allah punisheth hypocritical men and hypocritical women, and idolatrous men and idolatrous women. But Allah pardoneth believing men and believing women, and Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.

Also, consider the following verse:

[Al-Qur’an 30:8, translator: Sahih International] Do they not contemplate within themselves? Allah has not created the heavens and the earth and what is between them except in truth and for a specified term. And indeed, many of the people, in [the matter of] the meeting with their Lord, are disbelievers.

http://signsandscience.blogspot.ca/teleology-purpose-built-universe.html

0

I suggest to study about the 'wahdat al wujud', which means unity of existence.

It took me a long time to understand it myself but it was worth it and because of the breadth of content it can not be covered here.

In one word, I quote from Ghasem Kakaie :

'Although the creatures are nonexistence, the Existence (God) has disclosed itself in them' http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11245-007-9019-7

  • This isn't much more than a link only answer. Please consider elaborating an answer based on your own words and understanding of your reference instead of saying "read there"! – Medi1Saif Sep 6 '17 at 10:40
0

According to reason of creation it is said that in Quran God Almighty created the Universe so that you can know how powerful is He and also He created the creatures to be known, so that His creatures will know Him. And also He created us to worship Him. That is one of the main reasons

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studying divine attributes and actions and studying the creation of man, guiding him by sending His messages through prophets, and His generous rewards makes it very clear that everything is based on His mercy. Indeed, the entire story of creation can be summarized in a few sentences: The Most merciful God wanted to show His mercy. Therefore, He created this world. He gave His mercy to human beings so that they would become His vicegerents on earth and become a means of His mercy. https://www.al-islam.org/message-thaqalayn/vol11-n4-2011/understanding-god-s-mercy-part-1-mohammad-ali-shomali Imam Sadiq (a) was asked by Abu Basir about the meaning of the verse 11:118-119 and Imam replied: خلقهم ليفعلوا مايستوجبوا به رحمته فيرحمهم God created man so that they do something to deserve His mercy and then He would give them His mercy. (Al-Tawhid by Saduq, p. 404) Thus, God wanted to give opportunity to people to do good deeds so that they would deserve extra mercy from Him. https://www.al-islam.org/message-thaqalayn/vol-12-no-1-spring-2010/understanding-god-s-mercy-part-2-mohammad-ali-shomali

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