In Surah Baqarah, Allah says:
The key word here is afaw, from the same root as Allah's name Al-'Affuw, which means to forgive something as if it never happened.
A few verses later, Allah says:
The key here is the first part: "you wronged yourselves by worshipping the calf, so [here is the repentence] ..."
How is this connected to the mention of 'afaw in verse 52? Is it that the 'afaw came after they repented, or is there some other meaning?