In this thread, a member stated,
Lying is forbidden except in three instances, and they are:
- To please ones wife
- lying during/in war (وَالْكَذِبُ فِي الْحَرْبِ)
- and to try to bring people together
Lying outside of these three (exceptions) is haram/forbidden.
My question is, how does either al-Qurʾān, or al-ʾaḥādīṯ, or fiqh in general, define حرب ("war")? The most obvious answer is that the government of a recognized nation declares war on another recognized nation. Is this correct?
But, could an individual (rather than a politicial entity/ state/ nation) declare a personal war against an entity/ entities and then justify deceit/ lying by insisting that he is at war with (an)other(s), perhaps even, a spiritual war or holy war?