So, I know there is debate about whether Muslim women should cover their faces. From my research:
- In the Hanbali madhhab, the dominant opinion is that covering the face is obligatory in the presence of non-mahram men, as the face is considered part of a woman's awrah.
- The other three schools: The Hanafi, Maliki, and Shafi'i madhhabs do not generally regard the face as awrah, and so they don't consider it obligatory to cover the face. However, scholars typically say that if uncovering the face leads to fitnah, then it becomes obligatory to cover it.
My question is: What does fear of fitnah mean? Who decided whether uncovering the face leads to fitnah? Does that mean if a woman thinks men might be attracted to her, she should cover her face? or is this expected in certain environments?