“Verily, you (O Muhammad) guide not whom you like, but Allaah guides whom He wills”[al-Qasas 28:56]

"Is not Allah the most just of judges?" (surah Tin aya 8)

It's an inconsistency. How can you evaluate someone who had fewer opportunities than others? How can we reconcile with Allah's justice when he leads someone astray, like sending a blind man into a busy street? This is the very essence of "misleading". Allah, undoubtedly, also brought into existence individuals who must be incapable of attaining heaven, such as psychopaths who lack the ability to empathize due to a deformity in the frontal lobe of their brain. Psychopaths exhibit no hesitation in resorting to any form of violence - if necessary, they take lives as effortlessly as we swat flies - as psychopathy is devoid of both morality and compassion. Why did Allah create such individuals? Some may argue that "bad" people serve as a trial for the good ones, but that explanation is a commonly used argument that can justify anything. I intentionally enclosed the term "evil" in quotation marks because a psychopath is not wicked by choice or out of their own volition, but rather functions in the manner they were designed. Consequently, it can be concluded that such an individual cannot be subjected to a test. The lion's act of killing the young antelope does not make it "evil." It is driven by instinct and the necessity to fulfill its basic survival needs. The concept of malevolence holds no significance for animals, unless they themselves feel threatened. The antelope, however, does not perceive this as justice (By the way: shouldn´t any Animal that feels love, end up in paradies? I guess not, because people still think animals are less worth and not conscious enough). All creatures, including humans, are guided by the principle of satisfying their needs, even if it means killing and consuming others. However, we often remain indifferent to anything beyond our own immediate concerns. Failure to fulfill our needs or substituting them can lead to mental or physical illness, or even death. These basic needs are deeply ingrained biological programs that greatly influence our conscious thoughts.I am of the opinion that moral codes in human societies are solely a product of the human mind, which accounts for the significant differences in moral concepts among various cultures. It is intriguing to consider how the Yanonami Indians of the Amazon rainforest and the people from the Adaman Islands might be evaluated. Due to their remote and isolated existence, they have had no contact with Islam. However, it is crucial to recognize that their spiritual beliefs and customs may vary significantly from those associated with Islam - would Allah condemn primitive indigenous tribes to hell for their constant nudity?

1 Answer 1


Allah has given freewill to man. So he has to ability to choose between his actions, this include all good deeds or bad deeds. This ability itself is given by God, so whatever he decides to do, it is Allah who is giving the power to do.

Allah only knows what all knowledge a person got and how he used his freewill to do the deeds. So only Allah can judge a person, as he is best of judges. There is no contradiction in the verses.

We have to do our best to understand Islam as taught by Quran and his prophet(s.a) and try to follow them and it is upon Allah to judge us.

  • "“Verily, you (O Muhammad) guide not whom you like, but Allaah guides whom He wills”[al-Qasas 28:56]" Whoever Allah desires, He sends to hell, indicating that our free will is of no consequence. Nov 19 at 14:07
  • This verse shows that even prophets are not able to guide who ever they will. For example, prophet Nooh's son was not muslim, there are more examples in the Quran. When a person believes using the free will given by Allah, it is actually Allah who guides him, as the free will and ability to choose was given by Allah. So if he choose the wrong path, it is said Allah has misguided him.
    – Shafeek
    Nov 19 at 17:17
  • Part 1:When Muslims utter the phrase "Allah misled him," is it intended as a proverb or does it imply that Allah intentionally misguides the individual, leading to further deterioration of their circumstances? If I take your entire sentence literally ("So if he chose the wrong path, it is said Allah has misguided him"), then it implies that Allah is the one who initially set the person on this path - not their own free will. Nov 19 at 23:11
  • Part2: If I witness a crime or an emergency situation and refuse to assist the victim, I can be charged in the country where I reside for "failure to provide assistance," which might even make me an accomplice. If Allah sends someone unsuspecting into harm's way, it becomes evident that he cannot be just, let alone good - can such a God exist? Would you willingly submit to a deity like that? Each person must make that decision for themselves. However, a God who does not aid an individual in self-inflicted distress is also not a God deserving of worship. Nov 19 at 23:11

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