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And said, 'Never leave your gods and never leave Wadd or Suwa' or Yaghuth and Ya´uq and Nasr.' ([71] Nuh : 23)

Is there any historical evidence that these deities or their equivalents existed in ancient time?

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  • The verse you quote is actually a quote of Nuh I don't get the relationship between this and the Arabs of the time of the prophet
    – Medi1Saif
    Commented Oct 15, 2023 at 10:19

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The majority view is that these were idols of the people of Noah. As to how the Arabs came to worship them: One tradition is that these idols were drowned and hence buried underground due to the deluge. And after that a devil from the jinn told Amr bin Luhai about them and he re-introduced their worship among the Arabs.

ويذكر أن عمرو بن لحي كان له رئى من الجن، فأخبره بأن أصنام قوم نوح- ودا وسواعا ويغوث ويعوق ونسرا- مدفونة بجدة فأتاها فاستثارها

It was said that 'Amr bin Luhai was told by a jinn companion of his tha the idols of Noah's people: Wadd, Suwa', Yaguth, Ya'uk and Nasr were buried in Jeddah. So he dug them out and took them to Tihama.

Raheeq al-Makhtum

Some of the exegetes have noted that one alternate claim is that these were names of the idols of the Arabs and not worshiped by anyone else. The narrative takes an interlude from the story of Noah and it means that the people of Noah said 'Never leave your gods' and the Arabs did the same by saying 'never leave Wadd or Suwa' or Yaghuth and Ya´uq and Nasr'.

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