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From this answer: https://islam.stackexchange.com/a/79270/54227

  1. "And him whom We grant long life — We revert him to a weak condition of creation. Will they not then understand?" (36:68).

This is the law of nature that the longer someone lives, the more old and frail their body becomes. So even if Jesus were to come back he would be such a frail old man that it wouldn't matter. Where is it said that Jesus (as) is an exception to this clear eternal law? Likewise in other verses of the Quran this eternal law is mentioned without exception.

"...And there are some of you who are caused to die prematurely, and there are others among you who are driven to the worst part of life with the result that they know nothing after having had knowledge..." (22:5)

I want to know how do Muslims who believe Jesus (as) will come back can respond to this argument. Do they believe that Jesus (as) will be a frail old man when he returns?

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  • Allah subhanahu was ta'ala created Adam and 'Isa from nothing, but his will and order "be" why shouldn't He be able to resurrect an individual in any age He wants. As a matter of fact in Jannah people will be resurrected in an age of around their 20's-30's. This whole argument shows that the author has doubts about Allah's will and might which are essential attributes of Allah and essential for iman in Allah.
    – Medi1Saif
    Commented Apr 7, 2023 at 9:50

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Jesus will not be a frail old man when he returns, and there is no clear evidence in these two verses to argue otherwise.

  1. These verses describe the life of most people in general, they do not apply to each and every human. There are exceptions which should be evident to anyone who uses reason. Re-read 22:5, it says:

    خلقناكم ... ثم من نطفة ثم من علقة ثم من مضغة مخلقة وغير مخلقة لنبين لكم ونقر في الأرحام ما نشاء إلى أجل مسمى ثم نخرجكم طفلا ثم لتبلغوا أشدكم

    We created you ... from a sperm-drop, then from a clinging clot, and then from a lump of flesh, formed and unformed - that We may show you. And We settle in the wombs whom We will for a specified term, then We bring you out as a child, and then [We develop you] that you may reach your [time of] maturity.

    Quran 22:5

    Adam was a human. But he was not created from a sperm-drop. He also did not go through the other stages mentioned here: he was not a clinging clot, he was not a lump of flesh, he was never inside a womb, he was never a child. The same goes for Eve.

    Similarly, Jesus was not created from sperm-drop as he had no father, hence he too is an exception:

    قالت أنى يكون لي غلام ولم يمسسني بشر ولم أك بغيا

    She said, "How can I have a boy while no man has touched me and I have not been unchaste?"

    Quran 19:20

    إن مثل عيسى عند الله كمثل آدم خلقه من تراب ثم قال له كن فيكون

    Indeed, the example of Jesus to Allah is like that of Adam. He created Him from dust; then He said to him, "Be," and he was.

    Quran 3:59

    Further, re-read the verse where it says:

    ثم نخرجكم طفلا ثم لتبلغوا أشدكم

    We bring you out as a child, and then [We develop you] that you may reach your [time of] maturity.

    Not every human comes out as a child, rather some are miscarried and die within the womb. Also not every child reaches maturity, rather some die in childhood.

    Also consider the case of the Ashab al-Kahf. They slept for over 300 years and after that they guessed:

    قال قائل منهم كم لبثتم قالوا لبثنا يوما أو بعض يوم

    Said a speaker from among them, "How long have you remained [here]?" They said, "We have remained a day or part of a day."

    Quran 18:19

    Which means that they at-least did not become frail after a period of 300 years. Otherwise they would not have thought that only one day had passed as their bodies would have made it evident that many years had passed.

    Hence there are exceptions and Jesus is already an exception to part of the verse (creation from sperm). So he can also be an exception to the other part of the verse.

  2. Let us assume that every person becomes frail in old age. But what age will be considered 'old' for Jesus? The Quran does not define any threshold. If Jesus lives for e.g. 5000 years, then do you expect him to become frail when he is 60? Or when he is 4960 years old? If you say that he should be frail at 60 before he returns then this is nothing more than your assumption. It is possible that he will only become frail after his return a few years before the actual end of his life.

  3. Jesus is in heavens not on earth. It is the conditions on earth which cause one to age. There is no evidence that the people who stay in the heavens age, as it is a better place than this world. Consider the example of the Hoor al-Ayin etc.

  4. We know from hadith that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ met Jesus عليه السلام on the night of Isra’ and Mi’raaj (around 600 years after the ascent of Jesus) and described him like this:

    ورأيت عيسى شابا

    I saw Jesus he was a young man

    Musnad Ahmad

    Which proves that he did not age even after this time.

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