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Does verse 25:36 mean that the Egyptians ceased to exist as a people after the Exodus?

And We said, "Go both of you to the people who have denied Our signs." Then We destroyed them with [complete] destruction. (25:36)

And similar verses 43:51-55 speaks of the drowning of all the people?

And Pharaoh called out among his people; he said, "O my people, does not the kingdom of Egypt belong to me, and these rivers flowing beneath me; then do you not see? Or am I [not] better than this one who is insignificant and hardly makes himself clear? Then why have there not been placed upon him bracelets of gold or come with him the angels in conjunction?" So he bluffed his people, and they obeyed him. Indeed, they were [themselves] a people defiantly disobedient [of Allah]. And when they angered Us, We took retribution from them and drowned them all.(43:51-55)

More precisely, I want to say that verse 43:55 uses the word "Ajamain" - which means "everything". Does this mean that the entire Egyptian people (along with children, women, old people) were drowned and ceased to exist? Because, as far as I know, only Pharaoh and his army were drowned, which is indicated in other parts of the Koran:

So Pharaoh pursued them with his soldiers, and there covered them from the sea that which covered them(20:78)

Explain, please.

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2 Answers 2

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I am a native Egyptian. I'm not a Sheikh, but I will try to help you. Allah destroyed Pharaoh and his army by drowning in the sea. The verses are talking about them, and the pronoun "They" only means the Pharaoh and the army. The word "Ajmain" is called in arabic an emphasis in the meaning. It emphasizes the pronoun "They" to add the meaning that all of them drowned, and it is known that all those who followed Musa and Bani Israel to kill them drowned. Of course it was when the sea returned to normal after being split into two parts, and that doesn't mean it flooded and killed everyone in Egypt.

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The Quran must be understood in its context. One cannot take an individual verse and expect to understand the full context usually. Verses should be understood in the verses preceding it, proceeding it, the surah it's in, and even the Quran as a whole.

Quran 43:51-56 are a group of verses which recounts the Pharoah's arrogance, ignorance, and his fate which was him and his army drowning in the red sea. If you take 43:55 by itself then it can confuse one on what the word "Ajmaeen" means so you must understand it in the group of verses it is associated with.

Tafsir

So when they roused Our Anger, We took vengeance upon them and drowned them all together.

Quran 43:55

This is one of several references in the Quran to the drowning of Pharaoh and his army; see also 2:50; 7:136c; 8:54; 10:90; 17:102–3; 28:40; 44:23–24; 51:40. The Prophet is reported to have recited this verse after saying, “When you see that God gives a person what he wants even though he persists in sin, that means that God is enticing him into destruction” (IK).

Quran 43:55 Study Quran Commentary

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  • That's exactly what I'm talking about. The preceding verses speak of Pharaoh's people. So I'm trying to understand why verse 55 uses the word "all" to refer to these people? Does this mean that the nation has been completely sunk?
    – Insan
    Mar 21, 2023 at 21:10
  • the word for his people is "Qawmaho". So all of his followers/people, those who agree/believed in the Pharoah, pursued Musa along with him. A person who happened to live under Pharoah but was against him wouldn't be a part of his "Qawm" in this sense.
    – YoMango
    Mar 21, 2023 at 21:23
  • There have been many prophets who appealed to a certain society and some of them believed. Those that believed weren't punished. A non-Muslim living in a Muslim-majority country doesn't make him part the Ummah. So all those that agreed, believed in the Pharoah were his "Qawm", his people in a sense. And they followed the Pharoah to his doom, dooming themselves as well.
    – YoMango
    Mar 21, 2023 at 21:31
  • And what about the women and old men who followed the Pharaoh?
    – Insan
    Mar 22, 2023 at 11:08
  • Could you explain verse 36 of Sura 25 (I quoted this verse in my question)? How can we explain from this verse that Pharaoh's people were completely destroyed, to the ground?
    – Insan
    Mar 22, 2023 at 16:45

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