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On sunnah.com the Hadith is graded as Hasan in chain. Does that mean the Hadith is not truly Hasan? Meaning, it is only Hasan in chain but the Matn (content) is defective?

https://sunnah.com/abudawud:4358

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The next hadeeth is about the same thing. Sheikh Albaani has declared this one Saheeh:

On the day of the conquest of Mecca, Abdullah ibn Sa'd ibn AbuSarh hid himself with Uthman ibn Affan.

He brought him and made him stand before the Prophet (ﷺ), and said: Accept the allegiance of Abdullah, Messenger of Allah! He raised his head and looked at him three times, refusing him each time, but accepted his allegiance after the third time.

Then turning to his companions, he said: Was not there a wise man among you who would stand up to him when he saw that I had withheld my hand from accepting his allegiance, and kill him?

They said: We did not know what you had in your heart, Messenger of Allah! Why did you not give us a signal with your eye?

He said: It is not advisable for a Prophet to play deceptive tricks with the eyes.

https://sunnah.com/abudawud:4359

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  • According to respected hadith scholar Shuayb Al-Arna'ut, the chain of narration for Sunan Abi Dawud 4359 is hasan. So it is not agreed upon by hadith scholars that this hadith is authentic. shamela.ws/book/117359/3653#p1 shamela.ws/book/117359/2208#p1
    – YoMango
    Feb 13, 2023 at 8:45
  • Hassan is a type of authentic hadith.
    – Harun
    Feb 13, 2023 at 10:45
  • No it isn't. Hasan means that the isnad has some/slight weakness but not as many weaknesses as a "daif" hadith. Back then, all hadiths, that weren't sahih were classified as daif, but hadith scholars felt that it'd be worth not clumping hadiths that are only slightly weak with those that are flat out false. Some scholars use hasan hadiths and some do not in forming their opinions and other areas of Islam. But you cannot make hasan equivalent to sahih which doesn't have any weaknesses (assuming all hadith scholars agree that a hadith is sahih).
    – YoMango
    Feb 13, 2023 at 20:00
  • Check out these links regarding hadith science and what hasan hadiths are: islamweb.net/en/fatwa/358777/… yaqeeninstitute.org/read/paper/…
    – YoMango
    Feb 13, 2023 at 20:06
  • islamqa.info/en/answers/126978/categories-of-hadeeth Then they divided the accepted hadeeths into a number of categories: 1. Saheeh: if it fulfilled the highest conditions of acceptability. 2. Hasan: if it fulfilled the minimal conditions of acceptability.
    – Harun
    Feb 14, 2023 at 4:52
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The hadith according to respected hadith scholar Shuayb Al-Arna'ut is Saheeh Ligharihi. This means that this hadith by itself, from its isnad only, is not sahih but that this same hadith is repeated somewhere else with a sahih isnad. For this hadith, is is repeated in Al-Mustadrak 3/45 with a sahih isnad according to Al-Hakim.

Al-Albani also concurs with this as he put this hadith in his "Sahih Abi Dawud" book of hadiths and marked the isnad as hasan.

Isnad means chain of narration in case you did not know.

Furthermore, I'd like to mention that matn criticism is separate from isnad criticism. There have been hadiths where their isnads were considered authentic but hadith scholars completely ignored them due to their matn. Imam al-Bukhari himself rejected perfectly authentic hadiths when he considered their contents to be ridiculous, as in a hadith that claimed something would happen within 200 years that never happened.

For more info on this topic, you can check out this paper by Muslim scholar Dr. Jonathan AC Brown:

How We Know Early Ḥadīth Critics Did Matn Criticism and Why It’s So Hard to Find

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  • Whoever downvoted, please mention why.
    – YoMango
    Feb 13, 2023 at 9:02

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