It forbidden to take people Books as friends or supporters at 5:51, but at 5:5 it is possible to marry their women?

O you who have believed, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. They are [in fact] allies of one another. And whoever is an ally to them among you – then indeed, he is [one] of them. Indeed, Allah guides not the wrongdoing people. (Al-Ma'idah [5] : 51)

This day [all] good foods have been made lawful, and the food of those who were given the Scripture is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. And [lawful in marriage are] chaste women from among the believers and chaste women from among those who were given the Scripture before you, when you have given them their due compensation, desiring chastity, not unlawful sexual intercourse or taking [secret] lovers. And whoever denies the faith – his work has become worthless, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers. (Al-Ma'idah [5] : 5)

After all, the wife becomes a close person and if it is forbidden to take them as close friends, then how is 5:5 not contradictory to this?

1 Answer 1


Verse 5:5 allows for sexual relations with the women among the Jews\Christians in the capacity of wives or slave concubines.

Verse 5:51 forbids موالاة (friendship\wardship) with the Jews\Christians in general.

A reconciliation is not really required because it is possible to act on both verses. If you have a wife or concubine it is not necessary to develop a close bond with them, rather you are only required to fulfill their rights. Indeed the Quran says that the Muslims do not have affection for the disbelievers, even if they are family members:

لا تجد قوما يؤمنون بالله واليوم الآخر يوادون من حاد الله ورسوله ولو كانوا آباءهم أو أبناءهم أو إخوانهم أو عشيرتهم

You will not find a people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having affection for those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, even if they were their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their kindred.

Quran 58:22 also see Quran 60:1-4

And wives and concubines who are disbelievers will also come under these verses.

There are also other points to keep in mind: Some people claim that verse 5:51 is specific to the Harbis while marriage should be limited to Mu'ahid disbelievers. Secondly even if it applies to all the disbelievers, there are exceptions in this verse and making one type of contract (marriage) with a subset (chaste women) can be taken as such an exception - 5:51 is general and 5:5 is specific and a general-specific pair are not considered contradictions but are combined to arrive at the final meaning.

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