1

So let the people of the Gospel judge by what Allah has revealed in it. And those who do not judge by what Allah has revealed are ˹truly˺ the rebellious.5:47

So should Christians judge by the Gospel, or not? And how can they use the gospel for judgment if it is wrong?

But why do they come to you for judgment when they ˹already˺ have the Torah containing Allah’s judgment, then they turn away after all? They are not ˹true˺ believers.5:43

Does 5:43 mean that Jews should be judged by the Torah? And how does the Torah contain the law of Allah if it is distorted?

And why does the Qur'an in 5:48 urge Christians and Jews to follow their own path if there is only one right path?

We have revealed to you ˹O Prophet˺ this Book with the truth, as a confirmation of previous Scriptures and a supreme authority on them. So judge between them by what Allah has revealed, and do not follow their desires over the truth that has come to you. To each of you We have ordained a code of law and a way of life. If Allah had willed, He would have made you one community, but His Will is to test you with what He has given ˹each of˺ you. So compete with one another in doing good. To Allah you will all return, then He will inform you ˹of the truth˺ regarding your differences.5:48

I don't understand: 5:48 clearly says that Allah has established separate way and law for Jews and Christians. And in addition, 5:47 says that Christians should judge according to the gospel. In 5:43 it is said that the law of Allah is in the Torah. So Jews and Christians are following the path set by Allah? But then why are they cursed in other verses? And why then is it said in 3:85:

Whoever seeks a way other than Islam, it will never be accepted from them, and in the Hereafter they will be among the losers.3:85

Why won't another way be accepted if Allah has established it, as it is said in 5:48?

And what is meant by the Gospel? After all, the Gospel is not from God, not even from Isa, but from his apostles. So how can Christians judge by what has been revealed by Allah, if they do not have this message, but the message of the apostles?

3

1 Answer 1

2

Interpretation of 5:43

The verse in context is as follows:

فإن جاءوك فاحكم بينهم أو أعرض عنهم ... وكيف يحكمونك وعندهم التوراة فيها حكم الله ثم يتولون من بعد ذلك وما أولئك بالمؤمنين ... وأن احكم بينهم بما أنزل الله ولا تتبع أهواءهم واحذرهم أن يفتنوك عن بعض ما أنزل الله إليك ... أفحكم الجاهلية يبغون ومن أحسن من الله حكما لقوم يوقنون

So if they (the Jews) come to you, [O Muhammad], judge between them or turn away from them ...

But how is it that they come to you for judgement while they have the Torah, in which is the judgement of Allah? Then they turn away, [even] after that; but those are not [in fact] believers.

And judge, [O Muhammad], between them by what Allah has revealed and do not follow their inclinations and beware of them, lest they tempt you away from some of what Allah has revealed to you ...

Then is it the judgement of [the time of] ignorance they desire? But who is better than Allah in judgement for a people who are certain [in faith].

Quran 5:42-50

This verse was revealed when the Jews of Medinah came to the Prophet ﷺ seeking a judgement on the case of a murder and\or adultery. They wanted him to give a verdict against the law of the Torah (i.e. they desired inequality in retaliation for murder and public humiliation rather than stoning for adultery).

This verse condemned them for following their desires and wanting to impose a man-made law, and demanded that the law of the Torah be enforced. And the law for murder and adultery is the same in Islam as in the Torah.

You asked:

Does 5:43 mean that Jews should be judged by the Torah? 
And how does the Torah contain the law of Allah if it is distorted?

They must judge and be judged (by Muslim rulers) according to the Quran and what is confirmed from the Torah in the Quran and Sunnah. The Torah and the Gospel are not fully corrupted, and there is difference among the madhabs on whether the text is corrupted or only its interpretation. Anything which is confirmed in the Quran is obviously correct.

Interpretation of 5:47

In context the verse is as follows:

وقفينا على آثارهم بعيسى ابن مريم مصدقا لما بين يديه من التوراة وآتيناه الإنجيل فيه هدى ونور ومصدقا لما بين يديه من التوراة وهدى وموعظة للمتقين

وليحكم أهل الإنجيل بما أنزل الله فيه ومن لم يحكم بما أنزل الله فأولئك هم الفاسقون

And We sent, following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which came before him in the Torah; and We gave him the Gospel, in which was guidance and light and confirming that which preceded it of the Torah as guidance and instruction for the righteous.

And let the People of the Gospel judge by what Allah has revealed therein. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed - then it is those who are the defiantly disobedient.

Quran 5:46-47

This can mean the following:

  • Allah sent the Injeel so that the followers of Jesus could judge by it. This was applicable from the time of the revelation of the Injeel until the revelation of the Quran and is now no longer applicable.

  • It is still applicable in the sense that the Injeel commanded the Christians to follow Muhammad ﷺ (see 7:157 , 61:6, 48:29 and 5:12 etc.) , hence what this means is that the Christians must accept Islam following the command from the Injeel.

  • It is still applicable in the sense that they must follow those laws of the Injeel which are affirmed in the Quran and not abrogated.

It does not mean that following the present Gospel is acceptable for the present Christians. Rather, there are numerous texts within the Quran and ahadith that firmly establish that nothing is accepted from them by Allah other than conversion to Islam.

You asked:

So should Christians judge by the Gospel, or not? 
And how can they use the gospel for judgment if it is wrong?

They should follow the Gospel in the sense that they should accept Islam. And they should judge and be judged (by Muslim rulers) according to the Quran and that part of the Gospel which is confirmed in Islamic sources.

Interpretation of 5:48

In context, the verse is as follows:

إنا أنزلنا التوراة فيها هدى ونور يحكم بها النبيون الذين أسلموا للذين هادوا ... وقفينا على آثارهم بعيسى ابن مريم مصدقا لما بين يديه من التوراة وآتيناه الإنجيل ... وأنزلنا إليك الكتاب بالحق مصدقا لما بين يديه من الكتاب ومهيمنا عليه ... لكل جعلنا منكم شرعة ومنهاجا ولو شاء الله لجعلكم أمة واحدة ولكن ليبلوكم في ما آتاكم

Indeed, We sent down the Torah, in which was guidance and light. The prophets who submitted [to Allah] judged by it for the Jews ... And We sent, following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which came before him in the Torah; and We gave him the Gospel ... And We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the Scripture and as a criterion over it ...

To each of you We prescribed a law and a method. Had Allah willed, He would have made you one nation [united in religion], but [He intended] to test you in what He has given you; so race to [all that is] good. To Allah is your return all together, and He will [then] inform you concerning that over which you used to differ.

Quran 5:44-48

This verse simply says that each successive Ummah was given its own Shariah. It is addressing people who were alive at different times. It does not allow the Jews and Christians from the present time to follow the old Shariah rather than the Quran.

You wrote:

5:48 clearly says that Allah has established separate way and 
law for Jews and Christians ... So Jews and Christians are 
following the path set by Allah

It does not say that at all. It is not talking about the present Jews and Christians, rather it is about the Moses عليه السلام and his followers till before Jesus عليه السلام and about Jesus عليه السلام and his followers till before Muhammad ﷺ. As for after receiving the message of Muhammad ﷺ: nothing is accepted by Allah other than Islam.

يا أيها الذين أوتوا الكتاب آمنوا بما نزلنا مصدقا لما معكم من قبل أن نطمس وجوها فنردها على أدبارها أو نلعنهم كما لعنا أصحاب السبت وكان أمر الله مفعولا

O you who were given the Scripture, believe in what We have sent down [to Muhammad], confirming that which is with you, before We obliterate faces and turn them toward their backs or curse them as We cursed the sabbath-breakers. And ever is the decree of Allah accomplished.

Quran 4:47

And you can further refer to my answers here and here for many other texts which say the same.

7
  • The Koran says that the Jews rearrange words in places and distort the Torah with their tongues. But the Torah is definitely distorted, since there are many mistakes in it, and the narration is conducted in the third person. Do you know if there is a place in the Quran where it says that the text of the Torah is distorted? About the Gospel: there is no original of it. After all, all four Gospels are from the apostles, not from God. They are not even from the Prophet Isa.
    – Insan
    Aug 27 at 9:59
  • But why, if 5:48 speaks of past communities, is it prescribed to compete in good deeds? In the end, these communities have passed. And the call to compete with them in good deeds would be useless. In addition, this call follows immediately after the instruction to the Prophet (s.a.v.) to judge the People of the Book in accordance with the law of Allah. So the subsequent call refers to them, doesn't it?
    – Insan
    Aug 27 at 10:29
  • We have revealed to you ˹O Prophet˺ this Book with the truth, as a confirmation of previous Scriptures and a supreme authority on them. So judge between them by what Allah has revealed, and do not follow their desires over the truth that has come to you. To each of you We have ordained a code of law and a way of life. If Allah had willed, He would have made you one community, but His Will is to test you with what He has given ˹each of˺ you. So compete with one another in doing good. To Allah you will all return, then He will inform you ˹of the truth˺ regarding your differences.5:48
    – Insan
    Aug 27 at 10:31
  • @Insan The point of the verses is to emphasize to people they need to follow the law as revealed to them. The people of the past followed their law. The Jews of the past followed their law, the Christians followed theirs, and now the Muslims follow theirs. So, race to compete in good deeds by obeying Allah and following His laws as He reveals them. It is a mistake to think of it as a call for each group to compete with each other. Wouldn't really make sense. Rather, all of them need to race to the Islam Allah has given them.
    – The Z
    Aug 29 at 1:30
  • And what about the Torah? After all, in 5:43 it is said that in it is the law of Allah. And in many places in the Quran, the Torah is recognized: in 3:93, in 2:85. And in 2:78 it is said that illiterate Jews do not know the Scriptures. That is, the Koran confirms the non-distortion of the Torah? And what about the fact that the law of Allah is in the Torah? And the Torah that we have is not written on behalf of Allah or Musa, but on behalf of an unknown person. And then how can it contain the law of Allah, if it was written by a person who probably did not even know Musa (a.s.)?
    – Insan
    Aug 29 at 10:43

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .