السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّهِ وَبَرَكاتُهُ
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ
ٱلْحَمْدُ لِلَّٰهِ I was reading Quran's surah 2 ( البقرة, 'al-Baqarah' ) today, when I came upon
وَإِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلَـٰٓئِكَةِ إِنِّى جَاعِلٌۭ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ خَلِيفَةًۭ ۖ قَالُوٓا۟ أَتَجْعَلُ فِيهَا مَن يُفْسِدُ فِيهَا وَيَسْفِكُ ٱلدِّمَآءَ وَنَحْنُ نُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدِكَ وَنُقَدِّسُ لَكَ ۖ قَالَ إِنِّىٓ أَعْلَمُ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ ٣٠
˹Remember˺ when your Lord said to the angels, “I am going to place a successive ˹human˺ authority on earth.” They asked ˹Allah˺, “Will You place in it someone who will spread corruption there and shed blood while we glorify Your praises and proclaim Your holiness?” Allah responded, “I know what you do not know.
In this verse Allah Almighty (رَبُّكَ) tells the angels (مَلَـٰٓئِكَةِ) that He is going to make a successive authority on earth/land (جَاعِلٌۭ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ خَلِيفَةًۭ). In-short Allah is going to create humankind which will dwell upon earth.
But in the following verse :
وَقُلْنَا يَـٰٓـَٔادَمُ ٱسْكُنْ أَنتَ وَزَوْجُكَ ٱلْجَنَّةَ وَكُلَا مِنْهَا رَغَدًا حَيْثُ شِئْتُمَا وَلَا تَقْرَبَا هَـٰذِهِ ٱلشَّجَرَةَ فَتَكُونَا مِنَ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ ٣٥
Translated to :
We cautioned, “O Adam! Live with your wife in Paradise and eat as freely as you please, but do not approach this tree, or else you will be wrongdoers.
Allah enjoys Adam and his wife a forever life in paradise (يَـٰٓـَٔادَمُ ٱسْكُنْ أَنتَ وَزَوْجُكَ ٱلْجَنَّةَ) which is not earth (ٱلْأَرْضِ).
But Satan/Iblis deceived them so they approached the tree (وَلَا تَقْرَبَا هَـٰذِهِ ٱلشَّجَرَةَ فَتَكُونَا مِنَ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ) and then by Allah's will they were descended to earth as enemies of each other as humankind move on.
فَأَزَلَّهُمَا ٱلشَّيْطَـٰنُ عَنْهَا فَأَخْرَجَهُمَا مِمَّا كَانَا فِيهِ ۖ وَقُلْنَا ٱهْبِطُوا۟ بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّۭ ۖ وَلَكُمْ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ مُسْتَقَرٌّۭ وَمَتَـٰعٌ إِلَىٰ حِينٍۢ ٣٦
Translated to :
But Satan deceived them—leading to their fall from the ˹blissful˺ state they were in, and We said, “Descend from the heavens ˹to the earth˺ as enemies to each other. You will find in the earth a residence and provision for your appointed stay.”
My Question :
So here is my question or say thought that Satan deceiving them was a necessity to fulfill Allah original plan which was told to angels referring to (verse 30) and secondly the more serious part " Why did Allah place them in heaven if they were originally planned to be successive authority upon earth? " .
I believe I am not worthy to question Allah's decision but in the Quran Allah says that he only speaks truth.
قَالَ فَٱلْحَقُّ وَٱلْحَقَّ أَقُولُ ٨٤
I originally planned upon asking this question to my استاد/teacher but he has been sick for several days and is unable to lead Salat/prayer, I kindly request you all to make Du'a for his better health.
جَزَاكَ ٱللَّٰهُ خَيْرًا