- When the Morning arrives (the true dawn) or Evening (A'sr):
The Prophet (ﷺ) would say in the morning: "We have entered a new day upon the natural religion of Islam, the word of sincere devotion, the religion of our Prophet Muhammad, and the faith of our father Ibrahim; He was upright (in worshipping Allah), and a Muslim. He was not of those who worship others besides Allah" (Asbahna a'la fitratil Islam, wa a'la kalimatil ikhlas, wa a'la dini Nabiy-yina Muhammad(in), wa a'la mil-lati a-bina Ibrahim(a), hanifan musliman wa ma kana minal mushrikin)
Musnad Ahmad (15367) classed Sahih by Shaykh Albani in his As-Sahihah (6/230-8 - #2989) - the narration about "Amsayna" is shadh (irregular)
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: "Who says in the morning (once): I am content with Allah as my Lord, Islam as my religion and Muhammad as my Prophet (Raditu-billahi Rabba, wa bil Islami dina, wa bi-Muhammadin Nabiy-ya), then I will take him by his hand until he enters Al-Jannah."
Mu'jam al-Kabir (838) Hasan according to Ibn Hajar in Al-Futuhat (1/256)
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: "When one of you reaches the morning[/evening], he should say 3 times: I have entered the morning praising You, and I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except for Allah (Asbahtu uthni a'layka hamdan wa ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah) - (Amsaytu ...)
Sunan al-Kubra (10331) Hasan by Shaykh Muqbil ibn Hadi in As-Sahih al-Musnad (2/334 - #1304) and in Al-Jam'i as-Sahih (2/596 - #1637)
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said: "He who recites in the morning and in the evening (these words): Hallowed be Allah and all praise is due to Him (Subhanallah(i), wa bi-hamdih) one hundred times, he would not bring on the Day of Resurrection anything excellent than this except one who utters these words or utters more than these words."
Muslim (2692), and in Al-Bukhari (6405), it is related:
"Whoever says [it] one hundred times a day, will be forgiven all his sins, even if they were as much as the foam of the sea"
Further, in Abu Dawud (5091), with a minor addition: (Subhanallahil Adhim, wa bihamdih) one hundred times, and additionally to this Dhikr, there is a narration in At-Tirmidhi (3464), which Abu I'sa classed Hasan Sahih Gharib, that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:
"Whoever says [this], a date-palm tree is planted for him in Paradise."
"If anyone says in the morning or in the evening: O Allah, in the morning we call Thee, the bearers of Thy Throne, [...]"
Abu Dawud (5069) Ibn Hajar classed it Hasan Gharib in Nata'ij al-Afkar (2/375), but Shaykh Albani objected in Ad-Da'ifah (3/141-5 - #1041) - Nevertheless, we have a general Hadith which is narrated in Al-Mustadrak (1/704), and Al-Hakim classed it Sahih to which Imam Dhahabi agreed upon, and Shaykh Albani concurred in As-Sahihah (1/534 - #267), that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:
"Whoever says: Oh Allah, I bear witness to you and your angels and bearers of your throne, and I bear witness who is in the heavens and on the Earth, that you are Allah, there is no deity but you alone, without partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is your servant and your messenger (Allahumma inni ush-hiduk wa ush-hidu mala-i-kataka wa hamalata a'rshik, wa ush-hidu man fis-samawati wa man fil ard, Annaka Antal-lah, La ilaha illa ant, wahdaka la sharika lak, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan a'bduka wa Rasuluk) - Who says it once, may Allah free a third of him from the fire, and who says it twice, may Allah free a third of him from the fire. And who says it three times, Allah will free them all from the Fire."
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to teach his Companions (by) saying: "When one of you reached the morning, then let him say: O Allah, by You we enter the morning, and by You we enter the evening, and be You we live, and by You we died, and to You is the Return, (Allahumma bika asbahna wa bika amsayna wa bika nahya wa bika namut, wa ilaykal masir) and when he reaches the evening, let him say: O Allah, by You we enter the evening, and by You we enter the morning, and by You we live, and by You we die, and to You is the Resurrection" (Allahumma bika amsayna wa bika asbahna wa bika nahya wa bika namut, wa ilaykan-nushur)
At-Tirmidhi (3391) and Abu I'sa classed it Hasan, and Ibn Hajar stated it is Sahih Gharib in Al-Futuhat (3/86)
In Musnad Ahmad (23568), which Shaykh Albani mentioned in As-Sahihah (1/231-2 - #114) and classed Hasan in Sahih at-Targhib (660 - 1/417), it is narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:
"Who says in the morning: (La ilaha illallah, wahdahu la sharika lah, lahu-l-mulk wa lahul hamd, yuhyi wa yumit, wa huwa a'la kulli shay-in qadir) ten times, Allah writes for him for each one he said, ten good deeds, and Allah removes ten bad deeds from him, and Allah raises him ten degrees, and it will be for him like freeing ten slaves, and he will be armed (protected) from the beginning of the day to the end, and he would not do an act that would overpower him, so if he says it in the evening, it will be the same."
This is also narrated in Mu'jam al-Kabir (3883), classed Sahih in As-Sahihah (6/134-7 - #2563)
And in At-Tirmidhi (3468), which Abu I'sa classed Hasan Sahih, the Mesenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
"Whoever says: [this] a hundred times in a day, it will be for him the equivalent of freeing ten slaves, and there shall be written for him a hundred good deeds, and a hundred bad deeds shall be wiped out for him, and it will be a protection for him from Shaytan on that day, until he reaches the evening. And none has brought better than it, except for one who has done more than that."
Interestingly, this particular Hadith is a general one, which should be rather said during the daytime or you reach it during the morning.
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: "Whoever says (Subhanallah) 100 times before the sunrise and before the sunset, it is better than giving 100 she-Camels in the cause of Allah; [the same for]: (Alhamdulillah) 100 times, it is better than giving 100 horses in the cause of Allah; [the same for]: (Allahu Akbar) 100 times, it is better than freeing 100 slaves; and whoever says: (La ilaha illallah, wahdahu la sharika lah, lahu-l-mulk wa lahul hamd, wa huwa a'la kulli shay-in qadir) 100 times, no one will come on the Day of Judgement with a deed better than his, except for the one who says what he says or increases it."
A'mal al-Yawm wal-Laylah (821) and Sunan al-Kubra (10588) graded Hasan in Sahih at-Targhib (658)
When it was A'sr [or Fajr], Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) used to supplicate: Amsayna wa amsal [Asbahna wa asbahal] mulku lillah, wal hamdulillah - La ilaha illallah, wahdahu la sharika lah, lahul mulk, wa lahul hamd, wa huwa a'la kulli shay-in qadir¹ - Rabbi asaluka... (1)
Muslim (2723b; and in (2723a):
¹ - Allahumma asaluka... (2)
¹ - Allahumma inni asaluka... (3)
In At-Tirmidhi (3390), which Abu I'sa classed Hasan Sahih, to say:
¹ - Asaluka khayra ma fi... (4)
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq said: 'O Messenger of Allah, teach me what to say at (Fajr) and (A'sr).' He (ﷺ) said: "O Allah, Creator of the heavens and the Earth, Knower of the unseen and the seen, there is none worthy of worship except You, Lord of everything and its Owner, I seek refuge in You from the evil of my soul and from the evil of Shaytan and his Shirk, or that I should do some evil to myself or bring it upon a Muslim" (Allahumma fatiras-samawati wal ard, a'limal ghaybi wash-shahadah - La ilaha illa ant - Rabba kulli shay-in wa malikah, a'udhu bika min sharri nafsi wa min shar-rish-shaytan(i) wa shirkih(i), wa an a-qtarifa a'la nafsi su-an au a-jur-rahu ila muslim)
At-Tirmidhi (3529) Sahih in As-Sahihah (6/622-4 - #2763)
Moreover, in At-Tirmidhi (3392), which Abu I'sa classed Hasan Sahih, it is narrated:
(Allahumma a'limal ghaybi wash-shahadah, fatiras-samawati wal ard, Rabba kulli shay-in wa malikah - Ash-hadu an la ilaha illa ant - A'udhu bika min sharri nafsi wa min shar-rish-shaytan(i) wa shirkih(i)) - He (ﷺ) said: "Say it when you reach (Fajr) and (A'sr), and when you go to bed."
Abdullah ibn Umar: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) never failed to utter these supplications in the evening and in the morning: (Allahumma inni asalukal (a'fwa wal) a'fiyata fid-dunya wal akhirah, Allahumma inni asalukal a'fwa wal a'fiyata fi dini wa dunyaya wa ahli wa mali, Allahum-mastur a'u-rati wa amin rau-a'ti, Allahum-mahfazni (or: wahfazni) min bayni yaday-ya wa min khalfi, wa a'n yamini wa a'n shimali wa min fauqi, wa a'udhu bi-a'zamatika (or: bika) an ughtala min tahti)
Abu Dawud (5074) graded Sahih by Shaykh Albani; and that which is in parentheses, is narrated in Ibn Majah (3871)
The Prophet (ﷺ) said to his daughter Fatimah: "What prevents you from listening to what I command you, to say in the morning and evening: Ya Hayyu, Ya Qayyum - in your mercy I seek help to set right all of my affairs for me, and to never leave me to myself for the blink of an eye." (Ya Hayyu, Ya Qayyum - bi-Rahmatika astaghith, wa aslih li sha-ni kullah, wa la takilni ila nafsi tarfata a'ynin abadan)
Ibn as-Sunni (48) Hasan in As-Sahihah (1/449-50 - #227)
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: "If you said in the evening [at A'sr, once]: I seek refuge in the Perfect Word of Allah from the evil of what He has created (A'udhu bikalimatil-lahit-tam-mati min sharri ma khalaq), it [the scorpion] would have not harmed you - U'bayduallah said: 'Whoever says it in the evening and in the morning, it will not harm him.' Narrated in Musnad Abu Ya'la (6688) and he classed its Isnad Sahih; and it is narrated in Muslim (2709a) without mentioning morning; and it is narrated in Jam'i as-Saghir (11373), classed Sahih in Sahih al-Jam'i (6427), as well as it is narrated in At-Tirmidhi (3604b), which Abu I'sa classed Hasan, to say it three times refering only to the evening.
Abdurrahman ibn Abu Bakrah said that he told his father: 'O my father! I hear you supplicating every morning: Oh Allah, grant me health in my body. O Allah, grant me good hearing. O Allah, grant me good eyesight. There is no god but Thou." You repeat them three times in the morning and three times in the evening.' He said: 'I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) using these words as a supplication and I like to follow his practice.' The transmitter, Abbas, said in this version: 'And you say: O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee from infidelity and poverty. O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee from punishment in the grave - There is no god but Thee. You repeat them three times in the morning and three times in the evening, and use them as a supplication. I like to follow his practice' (Allahumma a'fini fi badani, Allahumma a'fani fi sam'i, Allahumma a'fini fi basari - La ilaha illa ant; Allahumma inni a'udhu bika minal kufr, wal faqr, Allahumma inni a'udhu bika min a'dhabil qabr - La ilaha illa ant)
Abu Dawud (5090) Classed Hasan by Shaykh Albani
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: "If anyone says in the morning [once]: There is no god but Allah alone Who has no partner; to Him belong the dominions, to Him praise is due, and He is Omnipotent," (La ilaha ilaha illallah, wahdahu la sharika lah, lahul mulk, wa lahul hamd, wa huwa a'la kulli shay-in qadir) he will have a reward equivalent to that for setting free a slave from among the descendants of Isma'il, he will have ten good deeds recorded for him, ten evil deeds deducted from him, he will be advanced ten degrees, and will be guarded from the Shaytan till the evening. If he says it in the evening, he will have a similar recompense till the morning."
Abu Dawud (5077) Shaykh Albani classed it Sahih; in Muslim (2693) 10 times, and in (2691) 100 times or more.
Aban ibn U'thman said: I heard U'thman ibn A'ffan (his father) say: I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: "If anyone says three times: In the name of Allah, when Whose name is mentioned nothing on Earth or in Heaven can cause harm, and He is the Hearer, the Knower" he will not suffer sudden affliction till the morning, and if anyone says this in the morning, he will not suffer sudden affliction till the evening" (Bismillahil-ladhi la yadur-ru ma-a'smihi shay-un fil ard, wa la fis-sama, wa huwas-sami'ul a'lim); A'ban was afflicted by some paralysis and when a man who heard the tradition began to look at him, he said to him: 'Why are you looking at me? I swear by Allah, I did not tell a lie about U'thman, nor did U'thman tell a lie about the Prophet (ﷺ), but that day when I was afflicted by it, I became angry and forgot to say it.'
Abu Dawud (5088) Shaykh Albani classed it Sahih
Mu'adh bin A'bdullah bin Khubaib, narrated from his father, who said: 'We went out on a rainy and extremely dark night, looking for the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), so that he could lead us in Salat. So I met him and he (ﷺ) said': "Speak", but I did not say anything. Then he (ﷺ) said: "Speak", but I did not say anything. He (ﷺ) said: "Speak", so I said: 'What should I say?' He (ﷺ) said: "Say: Say: He is Allah, the One and Al-Mu'awwidhatayn, when you reach the evening, and when you reach the morning, three times, they will suffice you against everything."
At-Tirmidhi (3575) and Abu I'sa classed it Hasan Sahih Gharib; also narrated in Abu Dawud (5082), and Ibn Hajar classed this Hasan in Nata'ij al-Afkar (2/345)
- Then, after the Fajr prayer:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: "Whoever says at the end of Fajr prayer: None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, Alone, without partner, to Him belongs all that exists, and to Him belongs the praise, He gives life and causes death, in His Hand is all goodness, and He is powerful over all things (La ilaha illallah, wahdahu la sharika lah, lahu-l-mulk wa lahul hamd, yuhyi wa yumit, bi-yadihil khayr, wa huwa a'la kulli shay-in qadir) a hundred times, while his foot remains folded, on that day he was the best of the people on Earth, except for those who say the same as he says, or add to what he said."
Mu'jam al-Kabir (8075), Mu'jam al-Awsat (7200) and Ibn as-Sunni (142) without bi-yadihil khayr | The chain of transmission of this Hadith was improved by a group of scholars. Ad-Dimyati said: 'Its chain of transmission is Jayyid', in Matjar ar-Rabih (63). Al-Haythami said: 'Its men are trustworthy', in Majm'a az-Zawa'id (10/108). Ibn Hajar classed it Hasan in Nata'ij al-Afkar (2/324). And Shaykh Albani classed it Hasan in Sahih at-Targhib (476), and in As-Sahihah (6/353-4 - #2664) where he said: 'And I did not use [the narration] for the weakness of [the narrator] Shahri, until I came across this witness, and in it there is a Tahlil (one hundred) in place of (ten) and both are permissible to prove them. Elhamdulillah for His success, and I ask Him for more of his grace.'
In At-Tirmidhi (3474), which Abu I'sa classed Hasan Sahih Gharib, Ibn Hajar classed it Hasan Gharib in Nata'ij al-Afkar (2/321), and Shaykh Albani classed it Hasan li Ghayrihi in Sahih at-Targhib (472) while commenting that Ibn Hajar 'has good evidence' for this, which is to be found in Nata'ij al-Afkar (2/322) where he is referencing A'mal al-Yawm wal-Laylah (127) from An-Nasa'i, which has the addition "... yuhyi wa yumit, bi-yadihil khayr ..."; that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
"Whoever says at the end of every Fajr prayer, while his feet are still folded, before speaking: (La ilaha illallah, wahdahu la sharika lah, lahu-l-mulk wa lahul hamd, yuhyi wa yumit, wa huwa a'la kulli shay-in qadir) ten times, then ten good deeds shall be written for him, ten evil deeds shall be wiped away from him, ten degrees shall be raised up for him, and he shall be in security all that day from every disliked matter, and he shall be in protection from Shaytan, and no sin will meet him or destroy him that day, except for associating partners with Allah."
After Fajr, the Prophet (ﷺ) would say: "Ya Allah, with you I strive, and with you I conquer, and with you I fight!" (Allahumma bika u-hawil, wa bika u-sawil, wa bika u-qatil)
Ibn as-Sunni (117) and in Ibn Hibban (2027), classed Sahih in Taliqat al-Hasan and As-Sahihah (5/30 - #1061); and in Al-Kanz (40471) it ends with: "... wa la haula wa la quwwata illa billah"
In Musnad Ahmad (18937):
(Allahumma Ya Rabbi bika uqatil, wa bika uhawil, wa bika usawil, wa la haula wa la quwwata illa billah)
In Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi (18508):
(Allahumma bika uqatil ... illa bik)
"Hallowed be Allah and praise is due to Him according to the number of His creation and according to the pleasure of His Self and according to the weight of His Throne and according to the ink words" (Subhanallah(i) wa bihamdih, a'dada khalqih, wa rida nafsi, wa zinata a'rshih, wa mi-dada [or ma-dada in Adab al-Mufrad] kalimatih | repeat it 3 times)
Muslim (2726a), in (2726b):
(Subhanallahi a'dada khalqih - Subhanallahi rida nafsi - Subhanallahi zinata a'rshih - Subhanallahi mi-dada kalimatih | repeat it 3 times)
In At-Tirmidhi (3555), which Abu I'sa classed Hasan Sahih, to say it exactly like in Muslim (2726b), but you repeat each phrase three times, e.g.: Subhanallahi a'dada khalqih (3x) - ... (3x) - ...
And in A'mal al-Yawm wal-Laylah (162) classed Sahih in Sahih at-Targhib (1574), to say: "... and praise be to Allah as well." (Subhanallahi a'dada khalqih - Subhanallahi zinata a'rshih - Subhanallahi mi-dada kalimatih - wal hamdulillahi ka-dhalik | repeat it 3 times)
The Prophet (ﷺ) said after the Fajr prayer: "Ya Allah, I ask You for a good sustenance, beneficial knowledge, and acceptable deeds." (Allahumma inni asaluka rizqan tayyiba, wa i'lman nafi'a, wa a'malan mutaqab-bala)
Mu'jam As-Saghir (735) and others, in different variations, and Shaykh Albani said in Tamam al-Manat (p. 233) about the Hadith of At-Tabarani: 'Jayyid Isnad', which does not contain the unknown narrator as explained in Rawd al-Nudayri (1199); and Ibn Hajar classed it Hasan in Nata'ij al-Afkar (2/329-331 - 2/411)
- (When setting out on a journey):
When Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) set out on a journey in the morning, he used to say: "A hearer listened to our praising Allah (for) His goodly trial of us. Our Lord, acompany us, guard us and bestow upon us Thy grace - I am seeker of refuge in Allah from the Fire" (Sam-ma'i sami'un bi-hamdil-lahi wa husni bala-i-hi a'layna - Rabbana sahibna wa a-fdil a'layna a'i-dhan bil-lahi minan-nar) Muslim (2718); and in Abu Dawud (5086), which Shaykh Albani classed Sahih, it reads: "... Thy grace, and blessings ..." (Sam-ma'i sami'un bi-hamdil-lahi wa ni-matihi wa husni bala-i-hi a'layna - Allahumma sahibna fa-af-dil a'layna)
A'bdullah ibn Mas'ud said: 'O maidservant, see if the sun has risen, look, is the sun out?' She said: 'No.' Then he continued and did Tasbih, and said to her again: 'Look, has the sun risen?' She said: 'No.' Then he said to her for the third time: 'Has the sun risen?' She said: 'Yes.' He said: 'Praise be to Allah, Who has granted us this day and has waived our offences' (Alhamdulil-lahil-ladhi wahaba lana hadhal yauma wa a-qalana fihi a'tharatina)
Ibn as-Sunni (148) Mawquf Sahih Isnad according to Ibn Hajar in Nata'ij al-Afkar (2/440); and in Muslim (822d): 'Praise be to Allah Who did not call us to account for our sins today' (Alhamdulil-lahil-ladhi a-qalana yaumana hadha)
(Sayyidul Istighfar) The Prophet (ﷺ) said: "The most superior way of asking for forgiveness from Allah is: O Allah, You are my Lord, there is none worthy of worship but You. You created me and I am your slave. I keep Your covenant, and my pledge to You so far as I am able to. I seek refuge in You from the evil of what I have done. I admit to Your blessings upon me, and I admit to my sins. Forgive me, for there is none who may forgive sins but You." [...] "If somebody recites it during the day with firm faith and dies on the same day before the evening, he will be from the people of Paradise; and if somebody recites it at night with firm faith and dies before the morning, he will be from the people of Paradise!"
Al-Bukhari (6306, 6323)
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: "Who says in the morning: (La ilaha illallah, wahdahu la sharika lah, lahu-l-mulk wa lahul hamd, wa huwa a'la kulli shay-in qadir) ten times, ten good deeds were written for him, and ten bad deeds were erased from him, he will be raised by ten degrees, and it will be for him like freeing 4 slaves, and he will be guarded from Shaytan until evening, and whoever says them after praying Maghrib, it will be the same until morning."
Ibn Hibban (2023) classed Hasan Sahih in Sahih at-Targhib (474)
In At-Tirmidhi (3534), which Abu I'sa classed Hasan Gharib, and Hasan li Ghayrihi in Sahih at-Taghrib (473), we have the addition "... yuhyi wa yumit ..."; and in Ad-Du'a (706) as well as in Mu'jam al-Kabir (119 - 20/60), which was also classed Hasan li Ghayrihi in Sahih at-Targhib (475 - 1/323), with the addition "... bi-yadihil khayr ..." (each recited ten times with similar rewards regarding this). The weaknesses for the narrations concerning Maghrib are succinctly explained in Tamam al-Manat (p. 228-9), but act as support for others.
When you finish the Maghrib prayer, say: "O Allah, protect me from Hell (Allahumma a-jirni minan-nar) seven times" [...]
Abu Dawud (5079), which Ibn Hajar classed Hasan in Nata'ij al-Afkar (2/326), and Shaykh Albani objected in Ad-Da'ifah (4/127-9 - #1624)
In it is one narrator who is unknown. Nevertheless, there are two other Ahadith which should be rather followed in general:
In Musnad Abu Ya'la (6192), classed Sahih in As-Sahihah (6/22-5 - #2506), the Prophet (ﷺ) said:
"No slave seeks protection from the Fire seven times in a day except that the Fire says: 'O my Lord, indeed your slave sought protection in You from me, so protect him.' And no slave asks Allah for Paradise seven times in a day except that Paradise says: 'O my Lord, indeed your slave asked for me, so enter him into Paradise.'"
Lastly, in At-Tirmidhi (2572), which Shaykh Albani classed Sahih in Talaq al-Raghib (4/222), the Prophet (ﷺ) said:
"Whoever asks Allah for Paradise three times, Paradise says: 'O Allah, admit him into Paradise', and whoever seeks refuge from the Fire three times, the Fire says: 'O Allah, save him from the Fire.'"
The Prophet (ﷺ): "If a person says this during the day or night, or in the month; and then dies that day, night or month, then his sins will be forgiven": (La ilaha illallah, wal-lahu akbar - La ilaha illallah, wah-dah - La ilaha illallah, wa la sharika lah - La ilaha illallah, la hul mulk, wa la hul hamd - La ilaha illallah, wa la haula wa la quw-wata illa billah)
Sunan al-Kubra (9773) Sahih li Ghayrihi in Sahih at-Targhib (3/362)