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Do you pray all sunnah silently? and if it is, do you have to move your lips while reciting a surah or just think when you're reciting? (sorry for my grammar, i hope you will still understand this)

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  • You need to recite and not think in your prayers. Recitation is inaudible in silent prayers while loud in congregational Fajr, Maghrib, Isha and Eid/Janaza prayers. Also note that while Surah Fatiha is mandatory, recitation of other Surahs is mustahab and not compulsory.
    – Ahmed
    Commented Apr 20, 2022 at 9:43

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The sunnah prayers similar to all prayers must be performed in the manner the prophet () showed us.

This means almost all sunnah and nafl prayers we usually perform in a daily manner like the sunan ar-Rawatib (see for example What are Sunnah Rawaatib?), fajr, shafa'a, witr, doha etc. should be performed silently as almost all of them should be performed alone.

On the other hand any prayer which can be performed in congregation such as 'Id prayers, Taraweeeh or Tahajjud and many more should be performed "loudly" or more exactly in audible voice. This may include the shafa' and witr in Ramadan.

As a matter fo fact reciting the qur'an without moving the lips be it in silent prayer or "loud" prayer (and while reading it) is regarded by the majority of scholars as an order and not doing so may invalidate the prayer.

What is the proof to pray Dzuhur/Asr silently? ALLAH in Al-Quran says 17/110

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