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Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “Whoever harms a non-Muslim citizen, I will be his enemy on the Day of Resurrection.”

I just want to ask what is the source of this hadith Bukhari , muslim or something else

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The closest hadith to this wording IMO is:

من آذى ذميا فأنا خصمه، ومن كنت خصمه خصمته يوم القيامة

Whoever hurts a Dhimmi, I shall be his opponent, and whosoever I oppose will be defeated on the Day of Judgement. (paraphrased)

Taareekh Baghdaad

This is not from Bukhari or Muslim, and it is weak and has been classed as fabricated as well. However the main lesson it conveys is correct: that it is not permissible to harm a Dhimmi (obviously except by legal rights). Corroboration of this may be found in authentic ahadith:

من قتل معاهدا لم يرح رائحة الجنة، وإن ريحها توجد من مسيرة أربعين عاما

Whoever killed a person having a treaty with the Muslims, shall not smell the smell of Paradise though its smell is perceived from a distance of forty years.

Bukhari

ألا من ظلم معاهدا أو انتقصه أو كلفه فوق طاقته أو أخذ منه شيئا بغير طيب نفس فأنا حجيجه يوم القيامة

If anyone wrongs a Mu'ahid, detracts from his rights, burdens him with more work than he is able to do, or takes something from him without his consent, I will plead for him (the Mu'ahid) on the Day of Resurrection.

Abu Dawud

Ref: Maqaasid al-Hasanah, islamweb.


Definitions:

A Dhimmi is a non-muslim who agrees to pay Jizya and be under Islamic rule.

A Mu'ahid is a non-muslim who has a peace treaty with the Muslims. And in ahadith it is often used to refer to the Dhimmis. From Lisan al-‘Arab: المعاهد: من كان بينك وبينه عهد، وأكثر ما يطلق في الحديث على أهل الذمة

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  • 1
    What is mu'ahid?
    – Anonymous
    Jan 6 at 4:25
  • 2
    @Anonymous Updated answer to cover that.
    – UmH
    Jan 6 at 6:00

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