Many criticize Bible because it talks about Global floods at the time of Noah. They think it is a big mistake. Muslims believe that Noah's floods were local. They think Quran corrected that stories which exists in the Bible. However from what I understand, Noah's flood are global in Quran as it seems. It can be seen from the following verse

Quran 23:27

So We inspired him (with this message): "Construct the Ark within Our sight and under Our guidance: then when comes Our Command, and the fountains of the earth gush forth, take thou on board pairs of every species, male and female, and thy family- except those of them against whom the Word has already gone forth: And address Me not in favour of the wrong-doers; for they shall be drowned (in the Flood).

Quran 11:44

Then the word went forth: "O earth! swallow up thy water, and O sky! Withhold (thy rain)!" and the water abated, and the matter was ended. The Ark rested on Mount Judi, and the word went forth: "Away with those who do wrong!"

Noah builds the ark and collected all kinds of specie in pair, then the ark lands on a mount. Wouldnt this mean the floods were global. This link says says

Apart from those who boarded Prophet Nuh's (as) Ark, the entire tribe was drowned. The dead included the Prophet's son who thought he could escape by seeking shelter on a mountain.

So why was it not global flood. If you consider that Earth was considered flat at that time, this makes perfect sense. My other argument is one needs only about 100 ft of flood water (esp in those times) to destory a particular tribe. We are talking about Mountains here.


3 Answers 3


Many scholar of tafsir including Ibn Katheer based on few evidences in Quran suggests that the flood was global

For example in (Al-Sua'araa 119-120)

And We saved him and those with him in the laden ship, Then We drowned the rest (disbelievers) thereafter.

And in Surrat Al-Saffaat says clearly that all humankind today are from prophet Noah

And, his progeny, them We made the survivors (i.e. Shem, Ham and Japheth)

After few ayas in the same context Allah says:

Then We drowned the others (disbelievers and polytheists).

Also this agrees with prophet Noah' duaa

And Nûh (Noah) said: "My Lord! Leave not one of the disbelievers on the earth!

I do not understand what you mean by "If you consider that Earth was considered flat at that time", but anyways the earth was not flat at this time.

  • 2
    youtube.com/watch?v=XEJM5InCpdA , I don't think this is the right answer, also there are no references to the actual claim by " Ibn Katheer".
    – Habib
    Jun 22, 2015 at 17:31
  • I believe the Flood was global. But how come the Earth was flat?? Allah did not give any of those believers who were with him children or descendants, apart from Nooh (peace be upon him). Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “And, his progeny, them We made the survivors” [as-Saaffaat 37:77]. So everyone on the face of the earth today, of all races, are the sons of Adam who are descended from the three sons of Nooh, namely Saam, Haam and Yaafith (Shem, Ham and Japeth). --from islamqa.info/en/130293 Nov 5, 2015 at 7:48
  • I'm not knowledgeable about this but shouldn't it be local? Allah (SWT) only punished
    – user5380
    Apr 8, 2016 at 2:29
  • I mean punishes people when they reject the messengers. And people on the other side of the world could not have known about Noah.
    – user5380
    Apr 8, 2016 at 2:30

The flood was local because it was a torment to those who denied Noah's (AS) preaching. Noah(AS) was close to Adam(AS) which indicates that at that point the human race would be all Noah's tribe in one place.

Secondly, if someone else who never opposed Noah(AS) or who lived in some distant land, then what justice would it be to drown him and his family because someone in a far far land opposed Allah's prophet? Behold Allah is most Just and Merciful.

So even if it is a local flood it can destroy all of humanity except for Noah(AS) and his followers. It is proven that mankind came from one man and woman so it will be a first tribe or a village of humans which contains all the population of mankind.


Look at the verses in the Quran in reference to the flood:

We sent Nuh to his people and he remained among them for fifty short of a thousand years; yet the Flood engulfed them while they were wrongdoers. (Qur'an, 29:14)

We sent Nuh to his people: "I am a clear warner to you. Worship none but Allah. I fear for you the punishment of a painful day." (Qur'an, 11:25-26)

But they denied him so We rescued him and those with him in the Ark. And We drowned the people who denied Our Signs. They were a blind people. (Qur'an, 7:64)

So We rescued him and those with him by mercy from Us, and We cut off the last remnant of those who denied Our Signs and were not believers. (Qur'an, 7:72)

So We opened the gates of heaven with torrential water and made the earth burst forth with gushing springs. And the waters met together in a way which was decreed. We bore him on a planked and well-caulked ship. (Qur'an, 54:11-13)

We revealed to him: "Build the Ship under Our supervision and as We reveal. When Our command comes and water bubbles up from the earth, load into it a pair of every species, and your family-except for those among them against whom the word has already gone ahead. And do not address Me concerning those who do wrong. They shall be drowned." (Qur'an, 23:27)

It was said, "Earth, swallow up your water!" and, "Heaven, hold back your rain!" And the water subsided and the affair was concluded and the Ark came to land on al-Judi. And it was said, "Away with the people of the wrongdoers!" (Qur'an, 11:44)

As we can conclude from the verses, the flood was local because it talks about his people and the boat was built to take refuge of every species from that location and flood was localized in Quran nothing to indicate it was universal. You can't just quote 2 verses and make conclusion, you have to quote every single verse in relation to noah and the flood and if you read all of it in context then it indicates a local flood, and it never mentions every single humans from the world but those who denied his signs.

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