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We have sahih hadiths to learn authentic info about the life of the prophet, do we have something equivalent in authority and reliability for those four caliphs ?

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    You may find some of it quoted in hadith compilations.
    – Sassir
    Commented Dec 18, 2021 at 1:38
  • I recommend the 4 books of Ali Muhammad El-Salaby, he wrote about each Caliph with all details about their lives, especially the 4th book of Ali [RA].
    – Ahmed Ali
    Commented Dec 24, 2021 at 14:48

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ou can search the list of history books related to the events and history after the death of the Prophet. The books I introduce Most of them are Arabic, and I used the sources of articles written about the early caliphs.

-Ibn Hisham, Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyyah, published by Mustafa Saqqa, Ibrahim Abyari, and Abdul Hafiz Shalabi, Cairo 1355/1936

  • Hassan Ibrahim Hassan, History of Islam: Political, Religious, Cultural and Social, Vol. 1, Cairo 1964
  • Amini Abdul Hussein, Al-Ghadir in the Book of Sunnah and Literature, vol. 8, Beirut 1387/1967.
  • Siouti Abdul Rahman Ibn Abi Bakr, History of the Caliphs, published by Mohammad Mohiuddin Abdul Hamid, Cairo, 1378/1959;
  • Majlisi, Mohammad Abdul Qadir Khrisat, "Al-Qata'i Fi Sadr al-Islam: The Age of the Prophet and the Righteous Caliphs", Historical Studies, pp. 27 and 28.
  • Ibn Athir, Ali Ibn Muhammad, Al-Kamil Fi Al-Tarikh, Beirut, 1385-1386 / 1965-1966, offset printing 1399-1402 / 1979-1982
  • Ibn Abi al-Hadid, Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah, published by Muhammad Abu al-Fadl Ibrahim, Cairo, 1387-1385 / 1965-1967
  • Ibn Babavieh, Kamal al-Din and all the blessings, published by Ali Akbar Ghaffari, Qom, 1984.

https://fa.wikishia.net/view/%D8%AE%D9%84%D9%81%D8%A7%DB%8C_%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%B4%D8%AF%DB%8C%D9%86#cite_note-23

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The books I am going to refer to you are in English. They were translated by by the translators working for the publisher who published the books at first place.

I would refer you to the books of Ali Muhammad al-Sallabi. He is a great author.

It is due to the following reasons:-

  1. His references are quite authentic. He refers to Quran and established scholars like Bukharee and Muslim to prove his point. He also provides critical analysis of other authors and their detail when required.

  2. He after every topic provides a critical analysis in the form of ' Lessons and Morals to be Learnt'.

  3. He is highly positive and aims to establish the true picture of all the Sahabis, which is good as people generally debate on the actions of sahabis. He on the other hand tries to justify it very logically .

I have completed reading his book on Abu-bakr-as-Siddique.He has published books on all the four major caliphs. Good thing to know is that while reading his book you will come to appreciate other sahabis due to the extensive reference provided by As-Sallabee.

For preliminary analysis of the book before you buy:- I recommend you read the the pdf version of it. Rest of the analysis you do brother.

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about Ali peace on him: Hadith of the day of the house(یوم الدار): .... Ali (as), who was the youngest of all, said: O Prophet of God! I will help you. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: This is my brother, guardian, and caliph among you, so listen to him and obey. (History of Nations and Kings, Muhammad bin Jarir al-Tabari, Beirut, Dar Dimas al-Hadith, vol. 2, p. 217) Aye Velayat(ولایت) IN Qoran: انما ولیکم الله و رسوله و الذین آمنوا الذین یقیمون الصلاه و یوتون الزکاه و هم رکعون Your guardian is God and His Messenger and those who believe, those who establish prayer and pay zakat while they are bowing.

and You can also search for the following in this case: IN Qoran: Ayeh Tabligh(آیه تبلیغ), Ayeh olol'amr(آیه اولی الامر) IN Hadith: Hadith Manzelat(منزلت), (ثقلین), Hadith Qadir(غدیر), Hadith Jaber(جابر بن عبدالله انصاری)

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