Child marriage: An Adult Man getting Married to a Prepubescent Girl.
Does this saying of Allah:
And test the orphans [in their abilities] until they reach marriageable age. [ S.I Qur’an 4.6 ]
prohibit a child from getting married?
Mahalli&Suyuti commented upon 4:6
that is, until they have become eligible for it through puberty or [legal] age, which, according to Al-Shafi, is the completion of fifteen years
[ Tafsir Jalalyn ]
Ibn Kathir commented on 4:6
(the age of marriage), the age of puberty, according to Mujahid.
[ Tafsir Ibn Kathir l ]
So this verse and these commentaries caused me to think there exists an age of marriage, before which it is not halal to marry, and this age is either Puberty or the Legal Age.
But those same commentators have affirmed Child marriage, and intercourse with premenstrual wives by prescribing an iddah for such wives:
Mahalli&Suyuti said about 65:4
those who have not yet menstruated, because of their young age, their period shall [also] be three months
[ Tafsir Jalalyn ]
And it is known the Prophet married a child of six years:
Narrated Aisha: that
the Prophet (ﷺ) married her when she was six years oldand he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old, and then she remained with him for nine years
[ Bukhari ]
Al-Wahidi records a Hadith which says that 65:4 was a response to the question of a premenstrual girl’s iddah.
Abu Ishaq al-Muqri informed us > Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Hamdun > Makki ibn Abdan> Abu’l-Azhar> Asbat ibn Muhammad> Mutarrif> Abu Uthman Amr ibn Salim who said:
When the waiting period for divorced and widowed women was mentioned in Surah Baqarah, Ubayy ibn Kab said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, some women of Medina are saying: there are other women who have not been mentioned!’ He asked him: ‘And who are they?’ He said:
’Those who are too young, those who are too old and those who are pregnant’. And so this verse was revealed”
[ Asbab ul nuzul ]
I don’t know how to make sense of this. Any help is appreciated. Jazakallah