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I came across the text below:

In short, this is direct knowledge from Allah. However, there is a distinction between a prophet and a saint (wali), in that a prophet, receives (wahy) revelation from Allah, accompanied by a ruh (spirit) from Allah. Ilham (inspiration) from Allah is accompanied by sakina (tranquillity) from Allah. The difference being, Wahy (revelation) is always clear and correct, while Ilham (inspiration) may be fractured (unclear) and incomplete (especially in the beginning), which is why Shaykh Abu Hasan Ash Shadhili said, “If your spiritual unveilings contradict the Book and the Sunna, act upon the book and the sunna and leave off your unveiling and say to yourself, ‘Allah guaranteed infallibility in the Book and the Sunna and has not guaranteed that in spiritual unveiling and inspiration.’

My questions regarding the above text are:

  1. Is the wahy (revelation) mentioned above specifically being discussed in the context of prophets and, therefore, the Quran's revelation?

  2. Can and do ordinary human beings get wahy (revelation) from Allah? If so, can normal Muslims get wahy (revelation) for something in their life or the unseen etc?

  3. Or is Wahy (revelation) a word that is purely used to describe the revelation that prophets used to receive and therefore is in no way, related to the ordinary individual.

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    The passage above clearly states Wahy is being used only to mean the revelation of the prophets. "in that a prophet, receives (wahy) revelation from Allah"
    – The Z
    Aug 11, 2021 at 5:59

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Asalaam alaikum, as for the questions you have posted i will try to clarify it a bit more so that you can have a better understanding, insha Allah.

before dealing with the details i believe it is more important that we should understand the word 'wahi' first. as it is an arabic word and english is not as rich a language as arabic, sometimes we find it difficult to translate let alone understand.

Wahi is the Arabic word for revelation and it is derived from the arabic word 'ahwa'. The word awha (أوحى awḥá) occurs in a number of shades of meaning, each of them indicating the main underlying idea of directing or guiding someone or something.

"...and inspired in each heaven its command," (Quran 41:12)

"And your lord inspired to the bee," (16:68)

"And we inspired to the mother of Moses," (28:7)

there are literal meanings for the word 'wahi' too, Inspiration, revelation, suggestion, to point out a thing to someone, to put a thing into the mind of someone secretly; letter, writing: something revealed or written or the idea inspired or revealed; saying; commandment; to dispatch a messenger to someone; to speak with ...

there are mainly two types of wahi,

Wahee-e-Matlu: It means the revelation which God has transmitted in His own words and speech, for example the Quran

Wahee-e-Ghair Matlu: It is the revelation which Allah projected in the heart of the Holy Prophet

keeping all this in mind, ill try to elaborate on the questions you have asked.

  1. i do not have an answer for this part of question yet.(because i don't fully understand your question)

  2. "It is not fitting for a man that Allah should speak to him except by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or by the sending of a messenger to reveal, with Allah's permission, what Allah wills".[42.51]

this verse lays the foundation for understanding 'wahi'.based on this verse islamic scholars have described three ways in which Allah's revelation can reach the chosen individuals, especially the prophets.

  1. An inspired message – not a word but an idea – can enter the heart of the chosen individuals either in the state of consciousness or in dream.
  2. The second mode, it is said, is the word heard by the person spoken to, like, from behind a veil.
  3. In the third mode, the revelation is sent from Allah through archangels like jibreel and is delivered to the prophets. It is the highest form of revelation, the whole Quran was revealed in this mode.

and now to discuss about normal human beings receiving 'wahi' (revelation), I'll quote from the quran;

Indeed, [O Muḥammad], you do not guide whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided. (58:56)

For indeed, Allah sends astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. (35:8)

there are numerous ways in which Allah guides someone to the straight path, in the life of a person though he/she may not comprehend it at first, Allah is always showing you signs and guiding you. it's not that angels would come with the messages for us but there would be ways in which we are guided, we just dont know it.

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, "All that is left from Prophethood is the glad tidings." He was asked what the glad tidings were, and he said, "The good dream."

Reference : Riyad as-Salihin 837

as for the second part of your question about the unseen, i am afraid to answer as i do not know what you mean by the unseen. are you referring to the ghayb or something else?.

No one knows the unseen in the absolute sense except Allah!

“Say: “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (Unseen) except Allaah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected” [al-Naml 27:65]

“And with Him are the keys of the Ghayb (all that is hidden), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in the land and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but He knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record” [al-An’aam 6:59]

it would be much easier if you could have used the arabic word instead of the word 'unseen', as ghayb and unseen is also different in certian context. Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Sharh al-‘Aqeedah al-Waasitiyyah (p. 158): What is meant by the unseen is that which is not seen. The unseen is something relative. But that which is unseen in the absolute sense (al-ghyab al-mutlaq) is known only to Allah.and also i would like to mention one more verse from the glorious quran,

(He Alone is) the All‑Knower of the Ghayb (Unseen), and He reveals to none His Ghayb (Unseen) [al-Jinn 72:26].

  1. i believe the answer to this question is there in my introduction and in the answer to the second part of your question.

i hope my feeble effort may bring you closer to a clearer understanding and may Allah grant you mercy and guide you to the straight path.

Allah knows best.

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  • Jazak'Allah. Yes, by unseen I mean what we do not know e.g., the future, what day/age we might die etc. Moreover, if Allah does send inspiration down, there would be a feeling within us that would tell us it's from Allah, right? Aug 11, 2021 at 12:25
  • Moreover, what does 'inspire' mean? is it something that Allah puts in our hearts directly or can it also be signs of around us that we're supposed to understand and reflect upon? Aug 11, 2021 at 12:27
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Assalamoalikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.

The word Wahi means revelation, something reveal(ed/ing).

A normal person according to Islam cannot receive direct Wahi from Allah or angels, as this is one of the traits that only Prophets possess.

It is only in one condition does a normal person gets something revealed or told directly by Allah's angel is that they have a connection with a Prophet's life. Example,

"And we inspired to the mother of Moses," (Qur'an 28:7)

"And mention, [O Muḥammad], in the Book [the story of] Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place toward the east. screening herself off from them. Then We sent to her Our angel, ˹Gabriel,˺ appearing before her as a man, perfectly formed. She appealed, “I truly seek refuge in the Most Compassionate from you! ˹So leave me alone˺ if you are God-fearing.” He responded, “I am only a messenger from your Lord, ˹sent˺ to bless you with a pure son." (Qur'an 19:16-19:19)

Now, there is another type of Wahi which is not direct, in which Allah or his angels do not "DIRECTLY" reveal, rather Allah opens his servant's hearts to one or other things as a mercy of his, this kind of Wahi is for Walis. They simply discover something spiritual, etc. by the will of Allah. Example?

"[Solomon] said, "O assembly [of jinn], which of you will bring me her throne before they come to me in submission? A powerful one from among the jinn said, "I will bring it to you before you rise from your place, and indeed, I am for this [task] strong and trustworthy." [then] Said the one who had knowledge from the Scripture, "I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you." And when [Solomon] saw it placed before him, he said, "This is from the favor of my Lord to test me whether I will be grateful or ungrateful. And whoever is grateful - his gratitude is only for [the benefit of] himself. And whoever is ungrateful - then indeed, my Lord is Free of need and Generous." (Qur'an 27:38-27:40)

Most scholars agree that this man wasn't a Prophet and was a Muslim man named Asif Ibn Barkhiyah.

If there were such scriptures at his time, why did anyone else not know how to bring it before the twinkling of an eye? why did only Asif stood up to do this task? BECAUSE he had been closer servant to Allah, a servant that Allah decided to reveal the secrets of the scriptures to as his mercy.

In-fact there are most certainly many things in the Qur'an as well that are hidden to normal people.

Ibn Masud says that the Quran provides information on everything but we may not be able to see everything in it. Ibn Abbas, known as the Interpreter of the Quran and the Scholar of the Ummah, asserts that if he loses the rein of his camel, he can find it by means of the Quran. Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, a significant scholar who lived in Egypt in the 15th century, explains that all sciences or branches of knowledge are to be found in the Quran.

And Allah knows the best.

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