In this Hadith prophet is allowing the polytheists the option of Jizyah:

...When you meet your enemies who are polytheists, invite them to three courses of action... Invite them to (accept) Islam.... If they refuse to accept Islam, demand from them the Jizya....[ Muslim ]

But in The Sword Verse, (it appears to me) the muslims are ordered to fight until the polytheists until those polytheists convert to Islam, and the jizya is not given as an option:

And when the sacred months have passed, then kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every place of ambush. But if they should repent, establish prayer, and give zakah, let them [go] on their way. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. [ 9:5 ]

And further, Ibn Kathir quotes in his tafsir of 9:5

Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said: "I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight against the people until they testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah's Messenger (ﷺ), and offer the prayers perfectly and give the obligatory charity, so if they perform that, then they save their lives and property from me except for Islamic laws and then their reckoning (accounts) will be done by Allah." [ Bukhari ]

And again, there is the omission of the Jizya option. While in the first Hadith it says polytheists can be offered the option of Jizya.

So im confused can polytheists pay the Jizya or not?(thanks)

  • 5
    Does this answer your question? Is idol destruction a form of religious intolerance?
    – UmH
    Aug 7 at 8:11
  • 1
    The first hadith is a general statement on what the prophet () used to advise an army leader before leaving Medina and you've only picked out a part without the full contexr.
    – Medi1Saif
    Aug 7 at 11:33
  • @Medi1Saif but based on the translation the prophet is not advising, he is commanding.
    – Hisham
    Aug 29 at 16:56

The verses and hadith don't contradict each other since the hadith is abrogated. Moreover, in the Maliki and Hanafi (given they are not Arab in the Hanafi madhab) madhab, polytheists can be dhimmis. This is because there is no clear text which is why there is a difference of opinion.

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