Why "Rain" is considered a mercy from God in Islam, why there are
Duas/Ayahs/Hadiths for getting "rain" ?? Remember, places where it is
always raining, people will consider a sunny day as a huge blessing,
so why there are no Duas/Hadith/Ayahs for sunshine?
Because from water, Seeds can grow, etc there's so many benefits in rain (that i don't think i will type here). We can smell, we have hands etc itself is a blessing and it's not explicitly mentioned in the Qur'an, Doesn't mean it's not a blessing. Anyway, this also happened in the times of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)
Narrated Sharik bin `Abdullah bin Abi Namir:
I heard Anas bin Malik saying, "On a Friday a person entered the main
Mosque through the gate facing the pulpit while Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)
was delivering the Khutba. The man stood in front of Allah's Apostle
and said, 'O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! The livestock are dying and the
roads are cut off; so please pray to Allah for rain.' " Anas added,
"Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) (p.b.u.h) raised both his hands and said, 'O
Allah! Bless us with rain! O Allah! Bless us with rain! O Allah! Bless
us with rain!' " Anas added, "By Allah, we could not see any trace of
cloud in the sky and there was no building or a house between us and
(the mountains of) Sila." Anas added, "A heavy cloud like a shield
appeared from behind it (i.e. Sila' Mountain). When it came in the
middle of the sky, it spread and then rained." Anas further said, "By
Allah! We could not see the sun for a week. Next Friday a person
entered through the same gate and at that time Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)
was delivering the Friday's Khutba. The man stood in front of him and
said, 'O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! The livestock are dying and the roads
are cut off, please pray to Allah to withhold rain.' " Anas added,
"Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) I raised both his hands and said, 'O Allah!
Round about us and not on us. O Allah! On the plateaus, on the
mountains, on the hills, in the valleys and on the places where trees
grow.' So the rain stopped and we came out walking in the sun." Sharik
asked Anas whether it was the same person who had asked for the rain
(the last Friday). Anas replied that he did not know.
As Islam began in a desert in 7th century, they had no clue that there
are places on earth where it is always raining (like England)... If
they knew, they wouldn't have taken rain as a blessing from God...
Just like they didn't take 'Sunshine' as a blessing from God as there
are no Ayahs/Hadith/Duaa where a supplication for "sunshine" is being
Rain is a blessing from God , because it has many benefits. Sun is not only a blessing from God, it's one of the SIGNS of God.
"And you would have seen the sun, as it rose, inclining away from
their cave to the right, and as it set, declining away from them to
the left, while they lay in its open space. That is one of the signs
of Allah. Whoever Allah guides is truly guided. But whoever He leaves
to stray, you will never find for them a guiding mentor." (Translation
by Dr Mustafa Khattab)
"We also showed Abraham the wonders of the heavens and the earth, so
he would be sure in faith. When the night grew dark upon him, he saw a
star and said, “This is my Lord!” But when it set, he said, “I do not
love things that set.” Then when he saw the moon rising, he said,
“This one is my Lord!” But when it disappeared, he said, “If my Lord
does not guide me, I will certainly be one of the misguided people.”
Then when he saw the sun shining, he said, “This must be my Lord—it is
the greatest!” But again when it set, he declared, “O my people! I
totally reject whatever you associate ˹with Allah in worship˺. I have
turned my face towards the One Who has originated the heavens and the
earth—being upright—and I am not one of the polytheists.”"
(Translation by Dr Mustafa Khattab)
"Are you ˹O Prophet˺ not aware of the one who argued with Abraham
about his Lord because Allah had granted him kingship? ˹Remember˺ when
Abraham said, “My Lord is the One Who has power to give life and cause
death.” He argued, “I too have the power to give life and cause
death.” Abraham challenged ˹him˺, “Allah causes the sun to rise from
the east. So make it rise from the west.” And so the disbeliever was
dumbstruck. And Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people."
(Translation by Dr. Mustafa Khattab)
"He has ˹also˺ subjected for you the sun and the moon, both constantly
orbiting, and has subjected the day and night for you. And He has
granted you all that you asked Him for. If you tried to count Allah’s
blessings, you would never be able to number them. Indeed humankind is
truly unfair(Zalim), ˹totally˺ ungrateful." (Translation by Dr.
The Qur'an also have a surah named :Ash-Shams (The Sun), Sun is one of the signs of Allah greatness.
And Allah knows best.