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My Sister, My father, and I were praying and it was a silent prayer. I was silently reading Surat- Al-Fatiha and My Dad went in Ruku but I was not done reading Fatiha yet. Because he was leading the prayer I went in to Ruku also. Is this wrong and does it invalidate prayer?

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  • Please elaborate your post by adding all necessary information like have you fully recited al-Fatihah at least once in the prayer, why you've made ruku' instead of completing recitation and maybe also which maddhab you are following.
    – Medi1Saif
    Jul 8, 2021 at 4:41

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Depending on the maddhab you are following, each maddhab has a different rulling about reciting Surat- Al-Fatiha.

Below is to conclude for each maddhab :

Hanafi Maddhab : It is Makruh Tahrim (abominable) on the ma'mum to recite Surah al-Fatihah behind the imam, either in the sirriyyah (silent) or jahriyyah (loud) prayers, but the ma'mum prayers remain valid.

Maliki Maddhab : The recitation of Surah al-Fatihah is not absolutely obligatory for the ma'mum either in the sirriyyah (silent) or jahriyyah (loud) prayers, but it is sunnah for the ma'mum to recite it in the sirriyyah (silent) prayers. Ibn al-Arabi from the Malikiyyah scholars made it obligatory for the ma'mum to recite it in the sirriyyah (silent) prayer.

Shafie Maddhab : The recitation of Surah al-Fatihah is obligatory as a pillar of the ma'mum absolutely. The sunnah is recited during the imam's saktah unless it is feared that the imam will not recite another surah, recite a short surah, or continue to bow, then it is obligatory without makruh to recite al-Fatihah together with the imam.

Hanbali Maddhab : The recitation of Surah al-Fatihah is not obligatory for the ma'mum absolutely but the sunnah for the ma'mum is to recite it in the sirriyyah (silent) prayer and during the saktah of the imam. There is a narration from Imam Ahmad that the recitation of al-Fatihah is obligatory (on the ma'mum) in the sirriyyah (silent) prayer.

Wallahualam.

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