The letter of Prophet Muhammad to the king of Oman.

From Muhammad, the messenger of God, to Jaifar and Abd, sons of Al Julanda. Peace is upon him who follows the guidance. I am calling both of you, in the name of peace. You will be safe if you submit to Islam.

I am the Messenger of God to all people warn all living that Islam will prevail. I hope you will accept Islam, but if you do not, then you will lose your country, and my horsemen will invade your territory and my prophecy will dominate your country.

Seal: Muhammad, the Prophet of God

Why did prophet Muhammad threaten the king of Oman(but if you do not, then you will lose your country, and my horsemen will invade your territory and my prophecy will dominate your country).

There should be no force convertion to Islam. But by threatening that your kingdom will be conquered and you will lose your kingdom if you reject Islam, is force.

And why would prophet say this in first place, I mean why did he threaten the king.

  • First what is the authenticity of this letter the article doesn't share any source nor qualification. Secondly what is the evidence for your claim that there should be no forceful conversion.
    – Medi1Saif
    Jun 4 at 19:02
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    @Medi1Saif source(that wiki used) : omanwhs.gov.om/hh/conversiontoislam1.htm, well 2:256 say no compulsion in religion so forcesing someone is compulsion.
    – user45458
    Jun 4 at 21:25
  • Did Muhammad himself write it? If so, this has to be made up considering he was illiterate. Jun 4 at 22:00
  • @Epistemophile.Bibliophile There is some evidence that Muhammad (p.b.u.h)did learn to read and write, and he certainly had companions who would have been able to write the letter for him. Still, the question whether the related letter is authentic is legitimate.
    – Jeschu
    Jun 4 at 22:46
  • @Jeschu Alright, I was just making sure the source they got it from didn’t say Muhammad wrote it. Jun 4 at 22:47

The letters of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to the various kings are recorded in books of Seerah. Refer to e.g. Raheeq al-Makhtum (English , Arabic).

While the authenticity of some particular report can be discussed, however the content is in agreement with the Quran and Sahih ahadith. As a similitude, when news was brought to Prophet Solomon عليه السلام about sun-worship in kingdom of Sheba (27:22-25), he sent them an invitation to Islam and otherwise threatened war:

إنه من سليمان وإنه بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم ألا تعلوا علي وأتوني مسلمين ... فلما جاء سليمان قال ... ارجع إليهم فلنأتينهم بجنود لا قبل لهم بها ولنخرجنهم منها أذلة وهم صاغرون

Indeed, it is from Solomon, and indeed, it is [i.e., reads]: 'In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful, Be not haughty with me but come to me in submission [as Muslims].'


[Solomon said:] Return to them, for we will surely come to them with soldiers that they will be powerless to encounter, and we will surely expel them therefrom in humiliation, and they will be debased.

Quran 27:30-37

Your claim that there must be no forcing in religion is a misunderstanding and is inconsistent with other texts. You should refer to exegesis of 2:256:

  • It has been abrogated by the later verses on the laws of Jihad, such as 9:29, 9:123 etc.
  • It is specific to the people of the book. When they agree to be under Islamic rule and pay jizyah then they can not be killed and will be permitted to remain on their religion.
  • Was revealed as an invalidation regarding the act of some women who had prior to Islam vowed that they would raise their children as Jews if they survived.

Nowhere does it imply that a disbelieving ruler must be left alone and allowed to rule the land. Such an understanding is inconsistent with other verses of the Quran, and with the acts of the prophets and their successors.

  • If so, how can islam be a religion of peace.
    – user45458
    Jun 5 at 8:52
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    See this islam.stackexchange.com/a/68521/45458 2:256 isn't abrogated and this islam.stackexchange.com/a/39857/45458
    – user45458
    Jun 5 at 8:54
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    what I am trying to say is. The verse is not abrogated according to Ibn kathir.
    – user45458
    Jun 5 at 9:55
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    Anyway why should we fight those who do not fight us. quran 2:190
    – user45458
    Jun 5 at 9:56
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    so please explain 2:190. Why not debate, I am having doubt or a misunderstanding so I want to clear it. After all this cite is for understanding and learning about Islam.
    – user45458
    Jun 5 at 10:24

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