Sahih Muslim 1598:

Jabir said that Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) cursed the accepter of interest and its payer, and one who records it, and the two witnesses, and he said:

They are all equal.

Whom is the word "he" referring to in this hadith? Narrator Jabir? or the Prophet SAW?


He refers certainly to the prophet () as he knows better whether they are regarded equal or not.

For an explanation:

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
That is, (they are all the same) in terms of being cursed, because they co-operated in that.
End quote from Fataawa Noor ‘ala ad-Darb, 16/2 (Source: islamqa #202904)

And for a backup that it is the prophet who say this a quote from Mirqat al-Mafatih the commentary on Mishkat al-Masabih -see here-:

( وقال ) ، أي : النبي - صلى الله عليه وسلم
(and he said): meaning: the prophet Allah's prayer and blessing be upon him.


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