Quran 7/175-176 is as follows.
And relate to them ˹O Prophet˺ the story of the one to whom We gave Our signs, but he abandoned them, so Satan took hold of him, and he became a deviant. If We had willed, We would have elevated him with Our signs, but he clung to this life—following his evil desires. His example is that of a dog: if you chase it away, it pants, and if you leave it, it ˹still˺ pants. This is the example of the people who deny Our signs.1 So narrate ˹to them˺ stories ˹of the past˺, so perhaps they will reflect.
To best of my understanding, this verse talks about a person whom God gave "signs". It doesn't necessarily imply this person is a prophet, but it is still makes me think that this person is not just an average believer. The footnote says that this person was a scholar.
Bal’am ibn Ba’ûrâ' was a scholar who lived at the time of Moses (ﷺ) but later deviated from the truth.
In short, I want to learn how this verse is interpreted. Does it just talks about a scholar? Or could he be a prophet? Or perhaps someone else who deviated from the God after receiving his signs. Further, what are the opinions regarding what the signs are which God mentions here.