Is the Quran the uncreated and eternal word of God as Ahmad ibn Hanbal believed?
A short answer would be enough. I only want to know whether this view is the majority opinion of scholars or not. (Sunni View)
Thanks for responses.
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There are some nuances when going in depth, however in general this is the standard creed of the Ahl al-Sunnah - not just Ahmad ibn Hanbal - that the Quran is the speech of Allah and being His attribute it is not created.
You may find this in books on aqeedah such as:
وإن القرآن كلام الله، منه بدا بلا كيفية قولا، وأنزله على رسوله وحيا، وصدقه المؤمنون على ذلك حقا، وأيقنوا أنه كلام الله تعالى بالحقيقة، ليس بمخلوق ككلام البرية
القرآن كلام الله عز وجل، وكلام الله صفة من صفات ذاته، ولا يجوز أن يكون شيء من صفات ذاته مخلوقا ولا محدثا ولا حادثا
القرآن كلام الله ... منزل غير مخلوق
Yes, The Qu'ran is uncreated as every attribute of Allah is uncreated, eternal and has no beginning, and it would include this attribute. The Qu'ran being uncreated means that He spoke the word, which Jibraeel (a.s) heard from Him and bought down to the Prophet (s.a.w) and conveyed to him.
Abu ‘Abdullah ibn Ismaa‘eel said: I heard ‘Ubaydullah ibn Sa‘eed say: I heard Yahya ibn Sa‘eed say: I always heard our companions say that people’s deeds are created.
Abu ‘Abdullah said: Their movements, voices, actions and writing are created. As for the Qur’an that is recited, recorded in the Mus-haf, written, and memorised in people’s hearts, it is the word of Allah and is not created.
Yes the Quran is uncreated.
The predecessors unanimously agreed that whoever says that the Qur’an is created has become an infidel (kafir كافر).
So you must be careful.
"قال شيخ الإسلام ابن تيمية حاكياً عن السلف: ولهذا كفروا من يقول إن القرآن مخلوق وإن الله لا يرى في الآخرة. انتهى من مجموع الفتاوى."