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Our Lord, and make us Muslims [in submission] to You and from our descendants a Muslim nation [in submission] to You. And show us our rites and accept our repentance. Indeed, You are the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful. —Baqarah 2:128

Do we know exactly why Prophet Abraham is asking Allah to accept their repentance? (Obviously, one can repent anytime, on any occasion, but Allah must have a reason to narrate us this specific occasion; and it is not that Prophet Abraham and and his son Ishmael did something bad; on the contrary, they have just completed the House of Allah.)

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  • Well I guess that Ibrahim is teaching us here. As we know that a complete hajj would "clean" us from all sins like a sincere repentance would clean us from a specific sin. But Allah knows best. – Medi1Saif Oct 9 '20 at 18:05
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We don't have any clear evidence like reports from the Prophet (SAW) as far as I could find.

However, many tafasir give these two reasons as possible (beyond the obvious one that they are repenting from their general mistakes):

  • They are setting an example for people on what to do near the House of Allah.

  • They are seeking forgiveness for their descendants, that were just mentioned in the verse.

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