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As I'm reading Quran, I once tried to locate Thamud and 'Ad and Noah and I realized that they were all in the same geographical area that we might call MENA today.

Then out of curiosity I googled "prophets map" and saw a couple of images that somehow approved this location.

This creates a HUGE question in my head that:

what about the rest of the humanity?

What about people who were in:

  • North America
  • South America
  • Southern and western Africa
  • Western Europe
  • Eastern Asia
  • Oceanea

Who have guided them for thousands of years?

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  • If any prophets were sent to those places they are included in 40:78 ~ ومنهم من لم نقصص عليك and 4:164~ ورسلا لم نقصصهم عليك
    – UmH
    Commented Oct 6, 2020 at 12:50
  • If they were prophets in other parts of the universe, then there has to be traces of monotheism everywhere. Because as we know and read in Quran, ان الله لا یامرکم بالفحشا, and polytheism is in nature contradictory with what Allah would command those prophets. But simply search for "monotheism in Japan's history" or "monotheism in Ancient South America". At least I can't find answers. Commented Oct 7, 2020 at 7:49

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Many traditional African religions also knew One God. I know that East Africa, in particular Kenya, was monotheist before the arrival of Islam and Christianity. The name of God in Kenyan languages is still «Ngai». Nowadays, almost all Kenyans have converted to either Islam or Christianity so that the ways God had been perceived and worshipped there in former times are no more known, as no writings exist. South African religious tradition also knew One Supreme God. People used to communicate to God through their ancestors. This practice is still wide spread also in Christian communities in South Africa.

Buddhism (East Asia) has the concept of Oneness. The image of God is not as a «Person» but it would be wrong to say that Buddha and his followers had no perception of God. And, in truth, God is not a «Person», it is only the image we have of Him. Gauthama Buddha may also been seen as a prophet in our sense; African religions do not relate particular persons who had a special message; religious experience was related from one generation to the next and in each generation living.

(About America, I can not contribute more than Wikipedia, see Manitou)

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  • Buddhism does not teach about Oneness. The Buddha taught about The Law (Niyama). Commented Oct 10, 2020 at 20:25
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My impression is there is no consensus in Islam about an anthropomorphic nature of Allah. If Allah is not anthropomorphic then the meaning of monotheism must be examined more deeply.

Wikipedia says in respect to Islam: "God created...the universe governed by fixed laws that ensure the harmonious working of all things".

If the most important attribute of God is the creator of "fixed laws" or even the "fixed law" itself then most nations in history have had revealers of similar laws, most specifically moral laws.

For example, the Hebrews called the Law 'Torah', the Christians called it 'Logos' and the Buddha called it 'Niyama'.

For teachers such as the Buddha, they realized the moral law with both their internal conscience and their insight into how people morally rise & fell according to their actions (deeds).

But if you believe the One God is anthropomorphic then it will be difficult to picture how other nations came to realise the universal moral laws or One Law of religion.

If God is Law, the major religions of great nations will share a similar primary attribute. But if God is a person or ego, the major religions of great nations will be different, in conflict and engaged in breaking the Law rather than submitting to the Law.

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