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I've found one article on this subject on islamicity.

This article states many things, that I could list one by one on here.

However, it would be easier for all reading this in the future, if someone just gives us a description with islamic sources on who this man was in relation to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

Note: I found no mention of this Jewish Rabbi at all on stack-exchange.

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He is mentioned briefly in works of Seerah:

قال ابن إسحاق: وكان ممن قتل يوم أحد مخيريق وكان أحد بني ثعلبة بن الفطيون، فلما كان يوم أحد قال: يا معشر يهود، والله لقد علمتم أن نصر محمد عليكم لحق. قالوا: إن اليوم يوم السبت. قال: لا سبت لكم. فأخذ سيفه وعدته وقال: إن أصبت فمالي لمحمد يصنع فيه ما شاء. ثم غدا إلى

رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقاتل معه حتى قتل. فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فيما بلغنا: مخيريق خير يهود

قال السهيلي: فجعل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أموال مخيريق - وكانت سبع حوائط - أوقافا بالمدينة. قال محمد بن كعب القرظي: وكانت أول وقف بالمدينة.

Ibn Ishaq stated, "At Uhud, one of those killed was Mukhayriq. He was of Banu Tha'laba b. al-Fityawn. On the day of the battle of Uhud he proclaimed, 'O Jews, you have learned, I swear by God, that it is your duty to help Muhammad to victory.'

They responded, 'But today is the sabbath.' 'You shall have no sabbath,' he insisted.

He then took his sword and equipment saying, 'If I should fall, then my wealth goes to Muhammad to do with as he wishes.' He then went to the Messenger of God (SAAS), and fought along with him until he was killed.

"The Messenger of God (SAAS) stated, so I have been told, 'Mukhayriq is the very best of the Jews.'"

Al-Suhayli stated, "The Messenger of God (SAAS) converted Mukhayriq's property, consisting of seven orchards, into a waqf, a charitable endowment, in Media." Muhammad b. Ka'b al-Qurazi stated, "This was Medina's very first waqf".

Al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya by Ibn Kathir --- [English translation]

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