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Assalamualaikum. Things are inevitably linked with causers. If you throw a glass it will inevitably brake. In this context my question is: Is it allowed to use the term if to describe things in the future or present that would not have happened if certain mistakes were not made? Example: If the hadn't been thrown the computer it wouldn't have broken. If today is March then three months from now it will be July. If I had carried an umbrella I wouldn't be wet when I meet him two hours from now. If I had learned arabic then I would have read the Arabic Quran from the first day I began practicing Quran. My biggest concern and problem is distinguishing when it is shirk or sinfull and when it is permissible?

  • This has nothing to do with shirk. I wonder what's making you think that there would be any shirk in this – sid-m Apr 12 at 16:34
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"No misfortune can happen on earth or in your own selves but is recorded in a decree before We bring it into existence: that is truly easy for Allah: In order that ye may not despair over matters that pass you by, nor exult over favours bestowed upon you. Allah does not love those who are arrogant and boastful, who are themselves stingy (or miserly) and also urge others to be stingy. Now whosoever turns away (should know that) Allah is free all needs and All-Praiseworthy." (Surah al-Hadid 57:22-24)

What you are experiencing at this very moment you find yourself in is what Allah has destined for you because nothing happens unless Allah decrees it to be so. As a believer, you must hold this to be true. If you don't believe it, you may fall into despair and lose hope because not everything that happens to you is pleasant. Without this firm conviction, you will embrace the belief that you missed out on something that you were entitled to and shed many tears. And yes, dear reader, this scribe has shed many tears. But what does Allah say? He says: "No misfortune can happen on earth or in your own selves but is recorded in a decree before We bring it into existence...." This does not mean you don't try to improve your condition if you can. But in the current moment what is taking place in your life, this very second, is Allah's decree. This thought should also prevent you from being arrogant or boastful. Some people are given more in life than others, and that too is due to Allah's decree. And this good fortune sometimes causes them to be stingy and entertain the thought that what they own or have achieved is due to their own intelligence or abilities and they become stingy towards those who are less fortunate. This is a grave error. If you feel superior to someone for any reason, you are failing to properly acknowledge Allah. And whether you acknowledge Him or turn away in disbelief and ingratitude, know that Allah "is free all needs and All-Praiseworthy."

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Shirk is not an easy thing for everyone (Muslims in particular) some people take it very literally.

I've read a famous quote somewhere and i will try my best to translate it into English in the end to answer your question. "آپ کی تدبیر ہی آپ کی تقدیر ہے". It means your destiny is based on your efforts and struggle. Then there's one more: "تدبیر ہاتھی ہے اور تقدیر/نصیب چیونٹی کے برابر ہے ". It means, your efforts should be the size of an elephant and the destiny (God's will) is like a size of an ant.

So having said that, we have to do our job and then leave the rest on our destiny (God's will). I hope my answer makes any sense to you. :)

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