I want to know that how many total colors that are mentioned in Holy Quran and what are the names of that colors.
Note that the word (the) color (Arabic اللون) itself has been mentioned in the qur'an nine times.
Further only six colors have been mentioned clearly by their names, but more can be found when checking details.
The first color (if we start reading the qur'an starting with al-Fatihah and ending with an-Nas) which was mentioned is:
(The) yellow (Arabic الأصفر) which was mentioned in (2:96)
Further the qur'an has mentioned: (Verses and links will be added later)
(The) green (Arabic الأخضر) like in (18:13)
(The) red (Arabic الأحمر) like in (35:27)
(The) blue (Arabic الأزرق) like in (20:102)
(The) white (Arabic الأبيض) like in (3:107)
(The) black (Arabic الأسود) like in (3:106)
Furthermore the qur'an referred to specific colors (or nuances of them) without clearly quoting the exact names.
The pink (Arabic الوردي) can be concluded from:
rose-colored like oil. (55:37)
Note that this verse is often counted as referring to red too.
The dark green (Arabic الأخضر الغامق) can be concluded from:
مدهامتان. Dark green [in color].
Note that this verse is tricky as
مدهمة or مدهم
In Arabic refers to black.
To a green that is close to black.
The (reddish) black (Arabic الأسود الذي فيه حمرة or الأسود الذي خالطته حمرة) means a black that might be mixed with few reddish spots or surfaces. Some of the tafsir call it also rust-colored. This can be concluded from:
black stubble. (87:5)
And there are even more of these kinds of examples.
There are 8 colors mentioned in the Quran.
Red occurs in the Quran only once (35:27)
Blue is used once in the Quran, in an allegory about the hereafter. 20:102
Pink appears in the Quran to denote the alarming colour of a disintegrated sky (55:37).
Dark Green occurs in the Quran only once (55:64). As the colour of dense foliage, it allegorically portrays the thriving life of eternal garden.
Islam, Siraj. 2017. “Various Colours in the Quran.” Lamp of Islam. Retrieved (https://lampofislam.wordpress.com/2017/03/25/various-colours-in-the-quran/).