My father provides us everything he can but he is verbally abusive. To a point where I have zero respect for him and zero interest in interacting with him. What does Islam say about abusive parents?
Peace, from the source of peace. I am sorry to hear about your poor relationship with your father. Does not sound pleasant.
Prophet Abraham is certainly one example of a person who abandoned his dad. However, it took a fair bit of frustration and really crimes against Abraham before cutting ties with his dad.
Parents are a big deal in the Quran. Simply no doubt about it. Therefore, seeking avenues to remedy the relationship ought to be exhausted before you consider abandoning them. Indeed, life without parents have lots of challenges you may not be aware of yet.
That said, and paraphrasing into English, God says:
29:8: And We instructed the human being to be good to his parents. But if they strive to make you set up partners with Me, then do not obey them. To Me are all your destinies, and I will inform you of what you used to do.
God is giving you explicit permission to disobey your parents if they're getting in the way of you cultivating a relationship with God.
4:135: O you who believe, stand with justice as witnesses to God, even if against yourselves, or the parents or the relatives. Even if he be rich or poor, God is more worthy of them, so do not follow desire into being unjust. And if you twist or turn away, then God is Expert over what you do.
God is basically giving you the license to disobey your parents if it is for a just cause. You can watch for that the next time you hear foul language from your father. You can push back firmly on a justice front. You can ask "is it fair to say 🤬?" for example. Obviously use your discretion.
However, these words from God, again paraphrasing in English, truly makes the poor choice of words from your dad an issue, which with God's help, you can try and raise
68:7: Your Lord is fully aware of those who strayed off His path, and He is fully aware of those who are guided.
68:8: So do not obey those who deny.
68:9: They wish that you compromise, so they too can compromise.
68:10: And do not obey every lowly swearer.
68:11: A slanderer, a backbiter.
68:12: Forbidder of charity, a transgressor, a sinner.
68:13: Unappreciative, and greedy.
68:10 in particular is a characteristic you're witnessing in your dad. That's unfortunate.
Abandoning parents can open up a whole other set of problems you didn't anticipate. However, enduring verbal abuse is not a virtue.
If there's a good time to speak with you dad, maybe when he's less stressed, perhaps talk to him about it. Tell him to cut it out or drastically reduce it. Tell him that it's affecting your relationship with him.
Tell him the truth, and encourage him towards it, as God advises us to
103:1: By time.
103:2: The human being is indeed in loss.
103:3: Except those who believe, and do good works, and support one another with the truth, and support one another with perseverance.
May God ease your hardships in this part of your journey.
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, Most Merciful
If he is truly abusive, then remind him of this verse in which Allah said:
"O you who have believed, protect yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones, over which are [appointed] angels, harsh and severe; they do not disobey Allah in what He commands them but do what they are commanded." [Quran, 66:6]
And also tell your dad that if he don't quit being abusive, then angels of torment will awaits you to torture you in Hell and they don't disobey the command of Allah. So that he may stop being abusive towards you.
And as for you, Allah says:
"And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], "uff," and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word." [The Night Journey, 17:23]
Tips of how you can deal with your father
- Forgive him [al Maida, 5:13]
- Show him that you're better than him
- show him kindness and goodness greater than his
But, if you dare to abandon your parents, then Paradise will be closed upon you because you have not fulfilled the duties which God made obligatory upon every kid.
Also, there is a severe punishment if you abandon your parents because of abusing you.
"So would you perhaps, if you turned away, cause corruption on earth and sever your [ties of] relationship? Those [who do so] are the ones that Allah has cursed, so He deafened them and blinded their vision..." chapter Muhammad
Jubair b. Mut'im reported on the authority of his father that Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said: The severer would not enter Paradise. Ibn Umar said that Sufyan (explained it as): One who severs the tie of kinship would not enter Paradise. [Sahih Muslim, 2556]
Some narrations which encourages you to do good:
Abu Huraira reported that a person said: Allah's Messenger, I have relatives with whom I try, to have close relationship, but they sever (this relation). I treat them well, but they treat me ill. I am sweet to them but they are harsh towards me. Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) said: If it is so as you say, then you in fact throw hot ashes (upon their faces) and there would always remain with you on behalf of Allah (an Angel to support you) who would keep you dominant over them so long as you adhere to this (path of righteousness). [Sahih Muslim 2558]
Those who cut the ties of kinship deny themselves the reward for upholding the ties of kinship in the Hereafter, in addition to denying themselves much good in this world, which is a long life and ample provision (as we mentioned in a previous Hadith): that the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Whoever would like his provision to be increased and his life to be extended, should uphold the ties of kinship.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]
So, do you wish a long life with too many provisions from Allah? Then, don't abandon your parents even if they abuse you.
CONCLUSION: I have not found any report from Sunnah of Prophet in which he allows the cutting of ties with parents. I have made researches and found that the Prophet encourages you to not abandon your father even if he abuse you, otherwise if you do abandon your parents, then you will have a terrible life and a terrible Day. So based on my researches, it is haram whatsoever for you to abandon your abusive parents. The wisest thing you can do is just forgive your dad and give him good treatment and be kind with him and don't mind what he does to you if you find abusive.