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My impression from reading this post is that in Islam, at least the majority of the sects, believe that

  1. Hell is for those who heard the gospel of Islam but choose not to believe
  2. Torture in Hell is permanent.

But is there any prominent sect in Islam that believe slightly otherwise, namely,

  1. Non-believers not necessarily go to hell
  2. Hell is temporary?
  • What is the difference between your question and islam.stackexchange.com/q/31276/13438 – Medi1Saif Dec 29 '19 at 10:35
  • @Medi1Saif, in the question that you link the author explicitly said that I've read that some schools reject an eternal hell. That's not what I mean. So that question and mine are very different – Graviton Dec 30 '19 at 3:20
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The words most often describing time duration in hell is "khalidina" or "khaliduna" and "abadan". These words do not necessarily mean "forever". There is no equivalent word in English that conveys these meanings. I think a more accurate meaning would be something like "very long time" or "unimaginably long time".

Due to this difference of opinion, it would not be logical to state that a certain Muslim sect definitively accepts a certain interpretation of eternity in hell. There will always be a difference of opinion. Ibn Taymiyyah, one of the most important early scholars of Sunni Islam, believed that hell was temporary. However, the current scholars of the Salafist sect, that has its foundations in Ibn Taymiyyah's teachings, and indeed most Sunni sects, differs on this view.

The question of eternity also rests on the assumption that time as we know it, or the passage thereof, will be similar in the "ahira" to as we know it in the "dunya". We cannot answer such a question going on an assumption.

That being said, and assuming that time in the ahira is similar to what we currently witness, the following similitude might help clarify.

We shall go by the premise Muslim belief that everyone is born Muslim, in a state of total submission to his/her creator and sustainer. Later, as a toddler, this state of total submission starts becoming corrupted by the other beliefs and indoctrination of his/her upbringing in a non-Muslim household. However, no matter how far this faith corruption goes in the course of his/her lifetime, there will always be that smidgen of faith in the one and only God, albeit deep within the heart and subconscious.

Since you only need a smidgen of faith to eventually get out of hell, then the logical conclusion is that hell can be a very long time, but in the end is temporary even for the most ardent denier.

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  • This is your own thoughts or representing any prominent sect's thought? Can you elaborate with sources? – Graviton Dec 30 '19 at 3:22

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