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Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah (ra) the Prophet (saw) said, "I have been given five things which were not given to anyone else before me:

  1. Allah made me victorious by awe (by his frigtening my enemy), for a distance of one month's journey.

  2. The earth has been made for me (and my followers) a place for offering salah and a thing to purify (perform tayyamum), therefore anyone of my followers can offer salaah wherever he is at the time of salaah.

  3. The booty has been made halal to me, yet it was not lawful to anyone else before me.

  4. I have been given the right of intercession.

  5. Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation only but I have sent to all mankind". (Sahih Bukhari, p.51, English summarised edition; Muslim; Bayhaqi, p.4, vol.9; bold emphasis mine)

The Hadith above tells us that booty was not made halal to anyone before the Prophet SAW. What does that actually mean? The Torah mentions war booty captured by Prophets and Israelite soldiers, doesn't that contradict what the Prophet SAW said here? Or is there a different meaning to it? According to the verses below, even Moses, Joshua and David received booty. The latter won a crown from an enemy king :

1 Chronicles 20 : 2

David took the crown from the head of their king[a]—its weight was found to be a talent[b] of gold, and it was set with precious stones—and it was placed on David’s head. He took a great quantity of plunder from the city 3 and brought out the people who were there, consigning them to labor with saws and with iron picks and axes.

And.....

2 Samuel 3:2

Just then David’s men and Joab returned from a raid and brought with them a great deal of plunder.

And.....

Joshua 8:1-2

8 Then the Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged. Take the whole army with you, and go up and attack Ai. For I have delivered into your hands the king of Ai, his people, his city and his land. 2 You shall do to Ai and its king as you did to Jericho and its king, except that you may carry off their plunder and livestock for yourselves. Set an ambush behind the city.”

And.....

Deuteronomy 2:35

35 But the livestock and the plunder from the towns we had captured we carried off for ourselves.

And.....

Deuteronomy 3:7

7 But all the livestock and the plunder from their cities we carried off for ourselves.

Can anyone explain this supposed contradiction?

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