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Can someone respond to the alleged historical error in the Qur'an where iron chain mail is used by Prophet David AS (see verses 21:80 & 34:10-11)? The Prophet AS lived in 10th century BC while chain mail was invented by the Celts in 5th century BC.

Below is a tafsir of 34:11 from ibn Kathir which can be read along with other Tafsirs in this link https://quranx.com/tafsirs/34.11 :

أَنِ اعْمَلْ سَـبِغَـتٍ

Saying: Make you perfect coats of mail..., which means chain mail. Qatadah said, He was the first person ever to make chain mail؛ before that, they used to wear plated armor.

وَقَدِّرْ فِى السَّرْدِ

(and balance well the rings of chain armor Sard,) This is how Allah taught His Prophet Dawud, peace be upon him, to make coats of mail. Mujahid said concerning the Ayah:

وَقَدِّرْ فِى السَّرْدِ

(and balance well the rings of chain armor Sard,) "Do not make the rivets too loose that the rings (of chain mail) will shake, or make them too tight that they will not be able to move at all, but make it just right.'' Ali bin Abu Talhah reported thatIbn `Abbas said, "Sard refers to a ring of iron.'' Some of them said, "Chain mail is called Masrud if it is held together with rivets.''

  • 2
    Still no marking of quotations :( – Medi1Saif Jun 19 at 12:28

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