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Read this carefully:

"...“Then when the Sacred Months (the 1st, 7th, 11th, and 12th months of the Islamic calendar) have passed, then kill the Mushrikoon (see V.2:105) wherever you find them, and capture them and besiege them, and lie in wait for them in each and every ambush. But if they repent [by rejecting Shirk (polytheism) and accept Islamic Monotheism] and perform As-Salaah (Iqaamat-as-Salaah), and give Zakaah, then leave their way free. Verily, Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful”

[al-Tawbah 9:5]

This verse is known as Ayat al-Sayf (the verse of the sword).

These and similar verses abrogate the verses which say that there is no compulsion to become Muslim.

And Allaah is the Source of strength. " (Source: https://islamqa.info/en/answers/34770/there-is-no-compulsion-to-accept-islam)

Here Islamqa used the phrase "These and similar verses" which refers to verses like surah 9:5, etc. What does "abrogate the verses which say that there is no compulsion to become Muslim" refer to? Obviously, it refers to verses like surah 2:256. So based on this, my question is "Did verses like surah 9:5 abrogate verses (e.g. surah 9:256) which says there is no compulsion to become a Muslim?

  • 1
    Which qur'an verses are abrogated? seems relevant. Please clarify what exactly is your issue? Don't you understand the topic of naskh in the qur'an or what is your issue with the fatwa? The question as is, is unclear! – Medi1Saif May 21 at 9:29
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There is difference on whether it is abrogated or not. The ruling however is the same, as no compulsion of religion applies to those from whom Jizyah is taken, refer to this and this.

(The translations below are my own so treat with caution as they can contain mistakes and omissions).

روي عن الضحاك والسدي وسليمان بن موسى أنه منسوخ بقوله تعالى يا أيها النبي جاهد الكفار والمنافقين وقوله تعالى فاقتلوا المشركين

It is narrated from Dahhak, Sudi and Suleman bin Musa that this verse is abrogated by the saying of Allah: "O Prophet, fight against the disbelievers and the hypocrites" [9:73] and the saying of Allah: "Then kill the polytheists" [9:5].

وروي عن الحسن وقتادة أنها خاصة في أهل الكتاب الذين يقرون على الجزية دون مشركي العرب لأنهم لا يقرون على الجزية ولا يقبل منهم إلا الإسلام أو السيف

It is narrated from Hasan (al-Basri) and Qatadah that this verse is specific to the Ahlul Kitab who have accepted paying Jizyah. It is not applicable to the Arab polytheists because Jizyah is not acceptable from them, for them there is only either acceptance of Islam or the sword ...

Tafsir al-Jassas

:اختلف العلماء في هذه الآية على ستة أقوال

The Ulema differed on the interpretation of this verse and there are six sayings:

الأول:- قيل إنها منسوخة، لأن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قد أكره العرب على دين الإسلام وقاتلهم ولم يرض منهم إلا بالإسلام، قاله سليمان بن موسى، قال: نسختها "يا أيها النبي جاهد الكفار والمنافقين". وروي هذا عن ابن مسعود وكثير من المفسرين

First:- It is said that this this verse is abrogated, because the Prophet ﷺ compelled the Arabs to the religion of Islam and fought them and did not accept anything from them except Islam. Suleman bin Musa said this and he said: it is abrogated with this verse: "O Prophet, fight against the disbelievers and the hypocrites" [9:73] . Ibn Masud and many other exegetes narrate this as well.

الثاني:- ليست بمنسوخة وإنما نزلت في أهل الكتاب خاصة، وأنهم لا يكرهون على الإسلام إذا أدوا الجزية، والذين يكرهون أهل الأوثان فلا يقبل منهم إلا الإسلام فهم الذين نزل فيهم "يا أيها النبي جاهد الكفار والمنافقين". هذا قول الشعبي وقتادة والحسن والضحاك. والحجة لهذا القول ما رواه زيد بن أسلم عن أبيه قال: سمعت عمر بن الخطاب يقول لعجوز نصرانية: أسلمي أيتها العجوز تسلمي، إن الله بعث محمدا بالحق. قالت: أنا عجوز كبيرة والموت إلي قريب! فقال عمر: اللهم اشهد، وتلا "لا إكراه في الدين"۔

Second:- It is not abrogated. Infact it is was specifically revealed about the Ahlul Kitab that they will not be forced to accept Islam when they pay Jizyah. The ones who will be forced are idolaters, from them nothing will be accepted except Islam, and about them the verse "O Prophet, fight against the disbelievers and the hypocrites" [9:73] was revealed. This is the saying of Sha'bi, Qatadah, Hassan and Zahak and the evidence for this is the tradition that Zaid bin Aslam narrated from his father. He said: I heard Umar bin Khatab, he was asking an old Christian woman to accept Islam: "Accept Islam and you will be saved, verily Allah has sent Muhammad with the truth". She replied: "I am very old and close to death." On this Umar said: "O Allah! Bear witness." and then he recited: "Let there be no compulsion in religion".

Tafsir al-Qurtubi

وقال قتادة وعطاء : نزلت في أهل الكتاب إذا قبلوا الجزية وذلك أن العرب كانت أمة أمية لم يكن لهم كتاب فلم يقبل منهم إلا الإسلام فلما أسلموا طوعا أو كرها أنزل الله تعالى : ( لا إكراه في الدين ) فأمر بقتال أهل الكتاب إلى أن يسلموا أو يقروا بالجزية فمن أعطى منهم الجزية لم يكره على الإسلام

Qatadah and 'Ata said that this verse was revealed about the Ahlul Kitab, when they accepted payment of Jizyah. Before them the Arabs were ummi, no book had been revealed on them, so nothing was accepted from them except Islam ... Then the command was given to fight with the Ahlul Kitab until they accept Islam or agree to pay Jizyah. And when they paid Jizyah they were not compelled to accept Islam.

وقيل كان هذا في الابتداء قبل أن يؤمر بالقتال فصارت منسوخة بآية السيف وهو قول ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه

And it is said that this was in the beginning of Islam, before the command to fight, and was abrogated by the verse of the sword. And this is the saying of Ibn Masud.

Tafsir al-Baghawy

  • If I could, I would have given "-1". The question is not regarding jizya. The question is regarding abrogation. Surah 2:256 says there is no compulsion in religion. However, Islamqa said, "These and similar verses abrogate the verses which say that there is no compulsion to become Muslim.". So from this, we can say that Surah 9:5 and similar verses abrogate the verses (e.g. surah 2:256) which say there is no compulsion in religion. – Zidan Kkhan May 21 at 12:33
  • @Md.ZidanKhan As I said, there is difference on whether the verse is abrogated, which is the answer to your question. Jizyah is tied to it because it is the choice offered in war to some people, and the people from whom it is taken are not compelled to accept Islam. If I misunderstand your question please elaborate what you intend to ask. – UmH May 21 at 12:55
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The Surah you quote: "...“Then when the Sacred Months (the 1st, 7th, 11th, and 12th months of the Islamic calendar) have passed, then kill the Mushrikoon (see V.2:105) wherever you find them, and capture them and besiege them, and lie in wait for them in each and every ambush."

Is to do with WAR and was sent down when Muslim's were not allowed to enter Mecca to perform Hajj. This is not about everyday life. In everyday life, "There is no compulsion in Religion" (Not during a war like situation). We, as humans, are not wise or clever enough to pass judgement on others, so leave that to Allah and focus on becoming a good and true follower yourself. Allah knows best what is in the heart of each person.

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