While watching and participating on Islam.SE and a few other places, I have observed that there is frequently very heated anger whenever the subject of naturalism comes up; for example, anything in the region of volcanoes, earthquakes, storms, etc.
The naturalist view, obviously, would relate to fields such as physical geography, tectonics, meteorology, seismology, etc. Through observation and application of the scientific method, we (as a world) now have a pretty good understanding of these fields, which while not perfect, allows for ever-improving predictive power, often (not always) allowing successful planning (whether preparation or evacuation).
However, I've also seen significant offence taken; for example, simply by discussing the topic I've had some quite angry responses, suggesting that I was insulting Allah:
i.e. you're stating that Allah has no power over this 'natural' occurrence.... that the earth just 'moves' on it own and the wind just 'blows' by itself. If you knew anything about anything, you'd know this isn't the case and nothing happens without Allah's will.
In the Quran, he is referred to as al-Alim, the all knowing. You may not understand his hand on the world and ignorantly think that Earthquakes, Hurricanes, etc just come from 'no where', but you'd not walk up to a muslim and say the Quran is lies to his face - so why do it to us on here?
Now, I know Islam is a huge group, with diverse peoples and interpretations. It is, however, very hard for an outsider to understand whether a particular view is central and common to all of the faith, or whether that is a fringe view, or somewhere in between.
So (my question): how common in Islam is this objection to naturalism, in particular when discussing natural forces such as weather or significant geological / etc events?