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Assalamualaikum,, Why Quraan

(69:48, And Indeed, The Quraan is reminder for righteous)

is giving reminder to righteous, what does it mean, why a righteous need a reminder? Similarly,

(51:55 And remind, for indeed, the reminder benefits the believers)

, why reminder to believers? It can benefit non-believers, What these two verses of Quraan saying, by reminding righteous/believers. Kindly explain.

Thanks & Regards Mohammad Azharuddin

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On the interpretation of (51:55)

In this verse Allah says:

And remind, for indeed, the reminder benefits the believers.

After addressing disbelievers reminding them what Allah created and about what happened to earlier nations of disbelievers and pagans. Then Allah reminded Muhammad () that earlier prophets () and messengers () were also called or considered as "A magician or a madman." by their people. then Allah says:

Did they suggest it to them? Rather, they [themselves] are a transgressing people. (51:53)

which is a describing the Meccan's and then Allah concludes His addressing with the words:

So leave them, [O Muhammad], for you are not to be blamed. (51:54)

So the context of this verse is that if Muhammad () stopped advising and reminding the Meccan's of Allah he wouldn't be blamed. While reminding the believers is certainly a benefit for them. Therefore ibn Kathir interpreted this verse as follows:

(And remind, for verily, the reminding profits the believers.) meaning, for only the believing hearts benefit from being reminded. (Source qtafsir)

with no more commentaries. While al-Qurtobi -see here in Arabic- actually added that verse (51:55) is abrogating (51:54) as stated by ad-Dahhak الضحاك while others say it was abrogated by the verse of the sword. He also added some interpretations of the verse for example Mujahid مجاهد said that good advice benefits the believers. Qatadah قتادة said that reminding with the qur'an benefits the believers. And it was said remind them by the punishment and by the days of Allah and Allah emphasized on the believers as they are those who benefits from this.

Allah elsewhere show us then different levels and kinds of the effect of reminding people of Allah in a more general manner:

So remind, if the reminder should benefit; (9)
He who fears [ Allah ] will be reminded. (10)
But the wretched one will avoid it - (11) (87:9-11)

So the verse we discuss is referring to people who believe while those who may believe later are actually -at the time this verse was revealed- one of the categories described in the verses from surat al-'A'la (they might benefit or avoid (reject) to benefit. Among these benefits for the believers we may find (as stated in at-Tahrir wa at-Tanwir التحرير والتنوير see here in Arabic)

  • the remembrance and consolidation of what they already know (i.e. of wisdom).
  • learning and getting new knowledge of what they have heard or remembrance of knowledge they've forgotten or missed.
  • by the day by day strengthening of the believers over the disbelievers and their final victory.
  • and the weakening of the positions, objections and arguments of the disbeliever while those of the believers are more an more shown to be true.

Allah also says addressing the believers:

O you who have believed, upon you is [responsibility for] yourselves. Those who have gone astray will not harm you when you have been guided. To Allah is you return all together; then He will inform you of what you used to do. (5:105)

On the interpretation of (69:48)

In this verse Allah says:

And indeed, the Qur'an is a reminder for the righteous. (69:48)

Prior to this verse Allah quotes the most important mission of prophets () and messengers () spreading Allahs message and his revelation addressing the believers by addressing their mind saying that if Muhammad () didn't spread the message or spoke falsely HE would have made an end to his prophets () life. So the speech in all these prior verses is about the revelation: the qur'an.
But it specially addresses those believers that have fear of Allah as HE informed us referring to the qur'an as a source of guidance and a reminder:

  • This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah - (2:2)

  • But only as a reminder for those who fear [ Allah ] -

In fact the qur'an is a reminder for fearful believers in all their states as they believe in Allah, in the reanimation, the compensation and the punishment by Allah as he (the qur'an) guided them to faith so whenever they hear or read it they remember about what they know and therefore it is a reminder for them in their whole life be it in their past, present or future.
You may also read in the qur'an:

...Say, "It is, for those who believe, a guidance and cure." And those who do not believe - in their ears is deafness, and it is upon them blindness. Those are being called from a distant place. (41:44)

So on the whole the qur'an and Allah's messengers () and prophets () may remind many people. or might not depending on their faith and their acceptance for Allah's message. But this reminder must not be in vain as it might come later for some of them. However Allah also confirms that the more a person is fearful the more impact the message of the qur'an will have on him/her.

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Peace and blessings upon you brother. I trust that you are in good health. I am going to attempt to answer in my own understanding may God be be my guidance. 69:48 I will start by referencing Adam and Eve - Adam (AS) and Hawa(AS) the first Human creation with ‘Free Will’ They were righteous however was led astray by shaytan (devil) They were warned against a thing, however succumbed to the wrong. We were given the Quran as a constant reminder, full of warning to the believing men an and woman to guide them as a daily reminder, it’s a book that shows you the way of life, oonstant warnings make you more God fearing than the day before if you are righteous in your beliefs.

Free will given to the human race is like a rollercoaster, I don’t think anyone in this living world could hold up to the Prophets character, however we can aspire to be as truthful and genuine as him to have been given such a task by the Almighty. We let emotions get in the way, jealousy, greed, gossip etc, let me give you an example, if a friend all of a sudden bought a Ferrari, which has been your dream to have, you would 1 become jeoulous, 2) speculate where he got it from and already assume the worst way, 3 you would be jeolous - that is human nature, we forget at that moment that what’s not meant for you won’t be and accept it. It’s like saying no no I’m not like that, I’m not jeoulous I’m happy for him, but inside you know you are. It’s like saying you believe in the Almighty and the last day when you around believers but when you go home, your belief strays. God knows all and sees all. Hence this is a constant warning to the believers.

And this ties in to the constant reminder benefitting the believers . I hope I made some sense in attempting to articulate

Peace and blessings upon you, May the Almighty guide us all.

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These two verses you have posted are not linked. They are talking about two different things. The first is in surah Al Haqqah:

And lo! it is a warrant unto those who ward off (evil).(69:48)

This actually better links with the verse from surah Baqarah:

This is the Scripture whereof there is no doubt, a guidance unto those who ward off (evil). (2:2)

The word used in the two verses is Muttaqeen, sometime translated as righteous/god-fearing/those who ward off evil.

And the Quran is a book for the righteous, in it commands many righteous acts, for example it tell use to fight against oppressors, to command justice etc...

Your second verse from surah Adh-Dhariyat:

51:55 And remind, for indeed, the reminder benefits the believers.

We are insaan/human. The root word for insaan has the meaning the forgetful one. It is in our nature to forget. Sometime we forget our purpose of life and chase after dunya/worldly things. The Quran help us to remind us our true purpose. You will notice the next verse after this one you have posted is:

I created the jinn and humankind only that they might worship Me. (51:56)

This one verse sums up the purpose of existence.

But I do not say by this answers that a Mumineen/believer cannot be righteous/mutaqeen.

The reason this verse does not mention the unbelieves/kafir, is because the previous verse Allah is telling Muhammad (pbuh) to momentarily withdraw from the unbelievers:

So withdraw from them (O Muhammad), for thou art in no wise blameworthy, (51:54)

Hence don't preach the unbelievers now (at this moment) but still remind the believers. If you read it in context it makes sense.

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