In the sunnah we read ahadith telling us how to do when supplicating (making du'a)
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: When you make requests to Allah, do so with the palms of your hands, and not backs, upwards. (Sunan abi Dawod)
Imam an-Nawawi when commenting on this hadith on istisqa' (asking for rain) in Sahih Muslim:
Anas b. Malik reported that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) prayed for rain pointing the back of his hands to the sky.
said the following:
This is my own translation take it carefully
قال جماعة من أصحابنا وغيرهم :السنة في كل دعاء لرفع بلاء كالقحط ونحوه أن يرفع يديه ويجعل ظهر كفيه إلى السماء ، وإذا دعا لسؤال شيء وتحصيله جعل بطن كفيه إلى السماء واحتجوا بهذا الحديث . (Source شرح النووي على مسلم)
A group of our companions and others said: The sunnah for all the supplications (du'a) to lift an evil like dryness and likewise is to raise the hands the backs upwards to the sky, and when asking for something and to get it one should raise the hands the palms upwards to the sky and they used this hadith as evidence.
I have a few questions concerning this statement of imam an-Nawawi:
- Here an-Nawawi said this hadith was used by some of the shafi'is and others: Who are these others?
- Is this hadith their only evidence or are there any other evidences?
- Must this statement be taken literally
(I myself saw some followers of this madhhab performing du'a this way turning the hands in the opposite direction to the position in the image above in a manner that looks like the raising of hands during the prayer with the thumbs and palms down)?
... if so this looks like if they used it in analogy (qiyas), what is the evidence for the opposite view to refuse using qiyas here?