not sure if I should ask here or on the judaism one.

I have heard that Muhammad created the prayer services based on the Jewish holiday of yom kippur, and that explains 5 prayers a day and bowing down. Is there evidence to support this/is it right?

  • Salam and welcome to IslamSE the Q&A site about Islam. To learn more about our site and model I strongly recommend you to take our tour and check our help center. Muhammad and the Muslims used to pray during the nights before the amount of prayers was reduced or fixed on five daily prayers. There's actually no relation I know of between the daily 5 prayers and yom kippur. It would be nice if you presented more details.
    – Medi1Saif
    Commented Sep 17, 2018 at 7:09

2 Answers 2


The Islamic doctrine is that Allah commanded the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to observe five daily prayers on the night of Isra and Mi'raj. There are hadith on that in various collections (for example see this one). Next Gabriel came and led the Prophet in prayer at the appointed times (see this hadith)

I am not aware of any tradition that the Prophet observed the Jews on Yom Kippur, there wasn't any prominent Jewish community in Makkah, where the prayers were first instituted.

  • 1
    The hadith where the prophet ordained fasting on Ashura after observing the Jews doing so is possibly referring to Yom Kippur (which also takes place on the tenth of the month by their lunar calendar), but that has no relation to prayer that I know of. I suspect OP is conflating the two situations.
    – goldPseudo
    Commented Mar 7, 2019 at 23:57

According to Islam, Allah sent the prayer and it's instructions during Mi'raj. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) did not create the prayer services by himself. There are many similarities between Judaism and Islam, not only regarding the prayer, but the restrictions and rules (The concept of kosher and Halal-Haram etc), which is obviously because both are Abrahimic religions. It does not mean that one copied another, rather it's because the origin is same.


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